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Carnivore - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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An integrated approach to prioritize restoration for carnivore conservation in shared landscapes

Habitat loss and fragmentation of habitats has exacerbated species decline and fragmentation, which has accelerated the rate of species decline. Although conservation has always been based on public lands, private lands can play a vital supplementary role. In the buffer area of Pench Tiger Reserve's buffer zone, we selected private agricultural lands for agroforestry using a socio-ecological systems approach. To determine priority areas for agroforestry based on their relative cost-effectiveness, we used systematic conservation planning methods and combined results on four carnivores, landowner willingness to change land use through enrolment in an incentive-based scheme, and program implementation. Our combined approach resulted in a sequence of priority areas that were markedly different than those that were restricted only by ecological data. Small and fragmented protected areas can be increased by partnering with and incentivizing private landowners, which may increase the effective size of small and fragmented protected areas.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607886428


Chasms in charismatic species research: Seventy years of carnivore science and its implications for conservation and policy in India

However, scholarly studies relating the findings of ecological study and their applications are not commonplace. We look at the academic implications of journal papers published in India, as well as the role of universities and collaborative research. We review all carnivore studies published in post-independence India. In carnivore research, we then present an account of thematic trends, and biases. Despite their apparent charisma, not all carnivores benefited from extensive scientific research; epidemiological studies were biased toward large felids; and litigation/policies were largely shaped by one species, the Bengal tiger Panthera tigris. We recommend reorienting current research by placing more emphasis on less well-known species, adopting best practices in socioecological research, expanding the ambit of interdisciplinary research, democratizing carnivore science by partnerships, and improving synergy among carnivore researchers and research groups.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/IND607872826


Wild Carnivore Survey of Echinococcus Species in Slovenia.

The tapeworm Echinococcus sp. is a host and potential reservoir for the tapeworm Echinococcus sp. This is the first attempt to molecularly examine Slovenian wild carnivores for Echinococcus species that can cause disease in humans. Prevalence of EM was found in the area, with regions in central and southern Slovenia having elevated EM prevalence and risk of infection. The golden jackal may soon become the definitive host for EM as the red fox due to the rise in population and habitat expansion.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36077943


Context-dependency in carnivore co-occurrence across a multi-use conservation landscape.

Carnivore intra-specific relations are dependent on a complex web of environmental affinities and inter-specific interactions that lead to a complex web of interplay of environmental affinities and interspecific interactions. The decentralized approaches to conservation and subsequent multi-tenure conservation landscapes in South Africa have significantly changed the environmental environment that influences the morphology of local carnivore assemblages. Spatial overlap was most prevalent in the protected area, where species occur in greater numbers, and in game ranches, where predator persecution narrows the field of spatial asymmetries. According to pair-specific variation, subordinate carnivores could move between pre-emptive behavioral tactics and fine-scale co-occurrence with dominant competitors. Temporal overlap patterns in our study areas mostly depend on the species' endogenous clock rather than the local context, according to Consistencity in species-pairs diel activity asynchrony.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36052301

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions