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Carnivore - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Context‐dependency in carnivore co‐occurrence across a multi‐use conservation landscape

Abstract: Carnivore intracellular dynamics are influenced by a complex web of environmental affinities and interspecific interactions. Decentralized approaches to conservation in South Africa, as well as the subsequent multi-u201tenure conservation landscapes have dramatically changed the climate that influences the organization of local carnivore assemblages. Spatial cooccurrence patterns in the private reserve were more variable, but not in accordance with higher apex predator densities, but not in accordance with a dominance hierarchy associated with higher apex predator densities. Subordinate carnivores may appear to be alternating between pre-u2010emptive behavioral tactics and fine-u2010scale co-occurrence with top competitors, according to pair u2010. Temporal overlap patterns in our study areas primarily depend on species' endogenous clock rather than the local context, according to Consistency in species' diel production asynchrony. Our study shows the interdependence and context of current management and conservation strategies, as well as the unheeded potential for efforts to influence the local network of carnivore interactions with unknown populations, with uncertain demographics u2010level and cascading results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.9239


Wild Carnivore Survey of Echinococcus Species in Slovenia

The tapeworm Echinococcus sp. , a clear host and potential reservoir for the tapeworm Echinococcus sp. This is the first attempt to molecularly test Slovenian wild carnivores for Echinococcus species that can cause disease in humans. Prevalence of EM was linked to the region, with regions in central and southern Slovenia having elevated EM prevalence and risk of infection. The golden jackal may soon be the most important definitive host for EM as the red fox due to the increase in population and expansion of habitat.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12172223


Intraguild Predation by the Eagle Owl Determines the Space Use of a Mesopredator Carnivore

Top predators shape sympatric hunters' communities by killing and displacing smaller predators. Although the eagle owl's effects on younger raptors and its effect on mesopredator carnivores is unclear, the impact of the eagle owl's space use of mesopredator carnivores remains unclear. This result was investigated by the eagle owl here in a Mediterranean ecosystem where the stone marten uses rabbits as a primary prey. We discovered stone martens in areas with a greater abundance of eagle owls and rabbits, suggesting a hyperpredation process and a cognitive link between rabbit hotspots and owl presence, using a multi-model inference. We discovered a positive correlation between the red fox and the stone marten, which meant foxes behaved as competitors rather than marten hunters.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/d12090359


Ecology and Infection Dynamics of Multi-Host Amdoparvoviral and Protoparvoviral Carnivore Pathogens

Amdoparvovirus and Protoparvovirus are monophyletic viral viruses that infect carnivores. Insular British Columbia, we undertook parvoviruses in mustelids to determine parvoviruses' maintenance and cross-species transmission among wildlife. Canine parvovirus 2 was more prevalent in mink than martens, feline panleukopenia virus was more widespread in otters than in martens, and canine parvovirus 2 was more common in mink than martens, with canine parvovirus 2 being more common in otters than in martens, one otter, and zero ermines. We found two local closely related AMDV lineages, one CPV-2 lineage, and five FPV lineages.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9020124


Canine Distemper Virus in Wild Carnivore Populations from the Czech Republic (2012–2020): Occurrence, Geographical Distribution, and Phylogenetic Analysis

The aim of our investigation was to monitor the presence of the canine distemper virus in wildlife from the Czech Republic, identify the H gene heterogeneity in positive samples, and perform subsequent phylogenetic analysis. During hunting seasons in the years 2012-2013 and 2020, hunters killed most animals or were killed by hunters during hunting seasons, which included animals from all 14 Czech Republic regions. By real-time RT-PCR in the tissues of 74 of the animals, including 62 red foxes, 4 stone martens, 3 raccoons, 2 pine martens, 2 European badgers, and 1 unknown marten, all found by Canine distemper virus. The genetic characteristics of circulating variants of CDV in wildlife were partially sequenced to determine the genetic signatures of circulating CDV variants of CDV in animals. This report includes a first comprehensive review of CDV prevalence and spatial distribution in birds in the Czech Republic, as well as molecular phylogenetic analysis of newly available CDV lineages.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/life12020289


Molecular Characteristics of Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 with High Sequence Similarity between Wild and Domestic Carnivores in Taiwan

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 is a DNA virus that causes gastrointestinal disease and immunosuppression in many terrestrial carnivores. The risk of CPPV-1 transmission between wild carnivores and free-roaming dogs increases. Through PCR analysis and comparing the partial capsid protein gene sequences from wild and domestic carnivores, this research investigated the prevalence of CPPV-1 in wild carnivores in Taiwan. CPPV-1's normal prevalence was 17. 7%, with the highest incidence in masked palm civets. In addition, a masked palm civet was coinfected with two CPPV-1 strains. This research demonstrated that CPPV-1 strains with the same genomic characteristics as domestic carnivores in Taiwan's wild carnivores of the same environment by molecular analysis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10060671


Addressing the Swedish Large Carnivore Controversy: Identifying Roadblocks in Collaborative Governance to Reduce Conflict

This report examines the Swedish wildlife management model and determines what dampens the ability to resolve ongoing tensions. We question the role of regional wildlife managers in this multilevel governance framework by taking an abductive approach, combining empirical evidence from interviews and studies from the human-wildlife conflict and collaborative governance literature, in an attempt to advance cooperation. Our model investigates the struggles for wildlife managers to implement government policies based on broad international conventions while still remaining sensitive to local concerns.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcosc.2022.952242

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions