Advanced searches left 3/3

Carnivore - DOAJ

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 January 2023

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Drivers of large carnivore density in non‐hunted, multi‐use landscapes

Faced with forest fragmentation, the presence of domestic animals, and flexible land use practices, we expected jaar populations in working landscapes to be predominantly male and transient, with low cub growth and high population densities in former forest tracts, versus protected areas where we expected native forest habitat and stable japan territories. In both working and protected landscapes, male jaars had largeru2010scale movements and were more detectable than females in both working and protected areas, according to camera traps and spatial reconstruction of capture data. Female jaguars in ranches travelled further than females in parks in parks. With forest cover and wild prey recruitment, which decreased with domestic prey production, and was marginally higher in ranches than in parks, the difference was marginally higher in ranches than in parks. Although overall jaar density was uneventful in enclosed areas, interu2010annual patchiness was higher among ranches, reflecting changes in cattle raising.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.12745


Trade-offs in the implementation of good practice in large carnivore conservation and management

People and Large Carnivores: The establishment of the EU Platform on Coexistence of People and Large Carnivores in Europe due to the emergence of large carnivore populations in Europe. We present the results of the Secretariat of the Platform in reviewing case studies in large carnivore conservation and management, which displayed good practice. We concentrated on ten case studies ranging from concrete damage prevention techniques to wider stakeholder involvement. The short list of case studies was based on the good work they achieved in terms of both preservation and positive outcomes for stakeholder collaboration. Our findings show that good practice should not be interpreted as an absence of obstacles, but that such barriers can be effectively overcome by stakeholders in order to achieve desired outcomes in a particular environment. This conceptualization of good practice has significant implications for stakeholder involvement in participatory processes and may foster social learning.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-13434-270415


Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 (CPV-2 and FPV) Circulating in Wild Carnivores and in Puppies Illegally Imported into North-Eastern Italy

Both wildlife and domestic nau00efve populations are susceptible to multiple health problems, including the underestimated danger of spillover disease and the threat of an epizootic. We herein discuss the genetic and antigenic characterization of viruses of the species Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 in puppies illegally introduced in North Eastern Italy and compared them to those that are naturally distributed in wild carnivores from the same region. In wildlife, we found a high incidence of feline parvovirus in golden jackals and badgers, but CPV-2 was present in one wolf only.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/v14122612


Addressing the Swedish Large Carnivore Controversy: Identifying Roadblocks in Collaborative Governance to Reduce Conflict

This report examines how the collaborative governance model within Swedish wildlife management increases the likelihood of reducing ongoing tensions. We question the role of regional wildlife managers in this multilevel governance context by using an abductive approach based on empirical evidence from interviews and theories from the human-wildlife conflict and collaborative governance literature in the search of ways to advance cooperation. The findings show that governance system and interactions within management, including a lack of legitimacy, trust, and participation, should be addressed in order to develop a socially sustainable collaborative governance framework capable of handling conflict.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcosc.2022.952242


Molecular Characteristics of Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 with High Sequence Similarity between Wild and Domestic Carnivores in Taiwan

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 is a DNA virus that causes gastrointestinal disease and immunosuppression in several terrestrial carnivores. The habitat overlap between wild carnivores and free-roaming dogs increases the likelihood of CPPV-1 transmission between them. This research investigated the CPPV-1 gene expression in wild carnivores in Taiwan through PCR screening and comparing partial capsid protein gene sequences from wild and domestic carnivores. CPPV-1's overall prevalence was 17. 7%, with the highest prevalence in masked palm civets. In addition, two CPPV-1 strains had contaminated a masked palm civet. By molecular results, this research supported the spreading of CPPV-1 strains in Taiwan's wild carnivores with the same genomic characteristics as domestic carnivores and wild carnivores in wild carnivores from the same habitat.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10060671


Spatiotemporal Patterns of Human–Carnivore Encounters in a Seasonally Changing Landscape: A Case Study of the Fishing Cat in Hakaluki Haor, Bangladesh

Identifying spatial and temporal patterns of human-u2013carnivore interactions is vital in predicting conflict hotspots. Using the example of human-u2013fishing cat encounters in a north-eastern Bangladesh's inland wetland, we sought to determine key sources of spatial and temporal similarity between humans and carnivores in a seasonally transitioning landscape. Human presence explains a portion of the temporal patterns of encounters. Understanding people's movements can help decipulate spatiotemporal relationships of humanu2013fishing cat encounters on a micro-scale in a seasonally transitioning landscape.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/conservation2030027


On the relationship between collagen- and carbonate-derived carbon isotopes with implications for the inference of carnivore dietary behavior

When analyzing bone collagen vs. enamel carbonate, researchers in Rancho La Brea predators have produced conflicting dietary interpretations, requiring a greater understanding of the relationship between stable carbon isotopes in these tissues. The trophic level of mammals has also been measured by stable carbon isotope spacing between collagen and carbonate, with higher u0394co values indicating higher carbohydrate intake. Our results show that u0394-co values are positively related to enamel carbonate levels in secondary consumers and are less representative of trophic level. Average u0394ca-co values in Pleistocene canids and felids match with recently published extant herbivore u0394ca-co values, but not specifically comparable between differing ecosystems.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2022.1031383


Ecology and Infection Dynamics of Multi-Host Amdoparvoviral and Protoparvoviral Carnivore Pathogens

Both Amdoparvovirus and Protoparvovirus are monophyletic viral viruses that infect carnivores. We conducted surveillance for and sequence analyses of parvoviruses in mustelids in insular British Columbia to determine parvoviral maintenance and species transmission in wildlife. Canine parvovirus 2 was more prevalent in mink than martens, feline panleukopenia virus was more common in otters than mink or martens, and canine parvovirus 2 was more prevalent in mink and martens than martens, and zero ermines were discovered in one mink, one otter, and zero ermines. Two local closely related AMDV lineages, one CPV-2 lineage, and five FPV lineages were found in our database.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9020124

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions