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Carnivore - Crossref

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Addressing the Swedish Large Carnivore Controversy: Identifying Roadblocks in Collaborative Governance to Reduce Conflict

This report looks at the integrated governance model in Swedish wildlife management and what dampens the ability to resolve ongoing tensions. We discuss the role of regional wildlife managers in this multilevel governance context by using an abductive strategy that incorporates empirical evidence from interviews and theories from the human-wildlife conflict and collaborative governance literature in an effort to advance collaboration. Our model examines how wildlife managers can develop government policies based on broad international conventions while still remaining sensitive to local concerns.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcosc.2022.952242


Seagrass digestion by a notorious ‘carnivore’

captive sharks were fed a 13 C-labelled seagrass diet to see if bonnetheads digest seagrass nutrients. To determine if bonnetheads digest seagrass nutrients, captive sharks were fed a 13-C-labelled seagrass diet. Sharks assimilated seagrass carbon with a 50-fold digestibility of seagrass organic matter, according to a Compound-specific stable isotope study. We show that a coastal shark is digesting seagrass with at least moderate effectiveness, which has ecological implications due to the deterministic role of omnivory and nutrient transport within fragile seagrass ecosystems.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.1583


Estimates of carnivore densities in a human-dominated agricultural matrix in South Africa

Abstract: Carnivore species outside of protected areas may be of utmost importance for conservation as many protected areas do not have enough habitat for viable populations. Carnivore population estimates and trends are often biased toward protected areas, and no research has investigated the impact of unprotected areas for carnivore conservation. According to left and right flank estimates, the leopard was between 2. 20 and 2. 18; brown hyaena, 0. 74; and African civet 3. 60 and 3. 71.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1017/s003060532100034x


Wild Carnivore Survey of Echinococcus Species in Slovenia

Echinococcus sp. is a species of tapeworm Echinococcus sp. Wild carnivores are definitive hosts and potential reservoirs for the tapeworm Echinococcus sp. This is the first attempt to molecularly test Slovenian wild carnivores for Echinococcus species that can cause disease in humans. Prevalence of EM was correlated with the area, with regions in central and southern Slovenia having elevated EM prevalence and risk of infection. The golden jackal may soon be the most recognizable determinant host for EM as the red fox, due to the rise in population and expansion of habitat.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12172223


The Bornean carnivore community: lessons from a little-known guild

In this chapter, data from 515 camera trap stations from Sabah, Malaysian Borneo is used to describe the presence, habitat association, and activity patterns of Bornean carnivores, as well as temporal partitioning between species. Only the masked palm civet and sun bear demonstrated differences in habitats. Considering the species as rough trophic groups rather than families revealed that each group contained both diurnal and nocturnal species, which may have helped to foster coexistence in each group, which may help to encourage coexistence between the musteloids and other animals.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198759805.003.0014


Towns and Trails Drive Carnivore Movement Behaviour, Resource Selection, and Connectivity

Animal resource selection and responses to human activity are influenced by their behavioural movement condition, with an increased affinity for human activity in fast states of mobility. However, only few studies have integrated state-dependence movement behavior into Merriam connectivity reports, which are individual-based metrics of connectivity that factor in landscape layout and movement habits. We performed simulations of three landscape scenarios: reference conditions with no anthropogenic development, current conditions, and future conditions with simulated expansion of towns and recreation trails in three landscape scenarios: reference conditions with no anthropogenic growth, current conditions, and future conditions. Our analysis used 20 years of grizzly bear and gray wolf movement data gathered in and around Banff National Park, Canada. Wolves had a greater fear of anthropogenic growth than grizzly bears, despite grizzly bears' adamantly.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1258541/v1


Interspecific Asymmetries in Behavioral Plasticity Drive Seasonal Patterns of Temporal Niche Partitioning in an Island Carnivore Community

The island fox and spotted skunk were both observed on a skunk, two insular mammalian carnivores living in sympatry, as well as two skunks on the island fox and the island spotted skunk. We investigated the plasticity of behavioral activity rhythms in foxes and skunks by investigating how environmental influences influenced locomotion distribution throughout the day and year, and then examined temporal region overlap between the two species using collar-mounted accelerometers. Although the number of skunk activity bouts increased with the length of night, the time of sleep, peaking, and exception extended to daytime hours during summer, when the length of darkness was shorter. According to a review of temporal niche overlap between foxes and skunks, the highest during summer and lowest during winter was determined mainly by temporal niche shift in foxes, rather than skunks.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/icac113


Seasonality drives the survival landscape of a recovering forest carnivore in a changing world

We compared estimates of local and season-specific heterogeneity on a reintroduced carnivore, American martens, to standard forest mortality estimates on the lives of 242 individuals over 8 years and predicted a survival landscape for 13 reintroduction sites to see the effects of seasonal heterogeneity. High forest heterogeneity existed in winter, but winter heterogeneity was greater; recovery sites with the poorest snow conditions had the lowest profitability; Our research links heterogeneity across seasons to fitness, and it shows that implementing policies that increase seasonal aspects of heterogeneity can help to save other vulnerable species of continuing environmental change.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.0833


Molecular characterization of carnivore protoparvovirus 1 circulating in domestic carnivores in Egypt

Canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus, which have been embedded in the unique species Carnivore protoparvovirus 1, have been present in dogs and cats for many decades, and are believed to be responsible for medically important diseases, especially in young animals. Although genetic evidence of parvovirus infection in Egyptian domestic carnivores has existed since 2016, to date, all available statistics are based on partial fragments of the VP2 gene. In 18 out of 96 dogs and 7 of 100 cats surveyed, Carnivore protoparvovirus DNA was detected in 18 out of 96 dogs and 7 out of 100 cats. Nine sequenced strains clustered with varying CPV clades, as well as 1 strain with the FPV clade, according to Phylogenetic analyses based on the complete VP2 gene. Both three CPV strains were found in dog and cat populations with a predominance of CPV-2c strains in dog samples, thus mimicing the distribution of this variant in African, European, and Asian nations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2022.932247


Glimmers of hope in large carnivore recoveries

We synthesize instances of recovery from a list of 362 species of large carnivores, ecologically important species that act as terminal consumers in several ecological contexts. We find that only 10% of global large carnivore populations are increasing, and only 12 species have seen significant decline in extinction risk, most restricted to marine mammals' recovery. Restoring intact ecosystems and maintaining human services will require applying lessons learned from successful cases of large carnivore recovery.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-13671-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions