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In a region already pestered by food insecurity and obstacles to the sustainability of the agricultural industry, the COVID-19 pandemic was a brutal shock in the Caribbean with substantial and prompt socio-economic consequences. In this paper, we examined what are the immediate impacts of the COVID-19 situation on the agricultural and food systems of the Caribbean. To this end, we carried out on-line studies amongst farmers, families and experts of the area. We assessed the nature, toughness and reversibility of the impacts but additionally the variables of resilience despite the crisis. Our research reveals that the COVID-19 situation has had strong influences on Caribbean farmers and has deteriorated farming systems. Our study reveals that the situation has had an effect on customer habits and their perception of the importance of the farming field: reduction of food waste, go back to fresh and neighborhood products, adjustment of the diet, consumption of new products, and growing of food gardens. Finally, our research study reveals that the dilemma has had an effect of enhancing the links in between farmers and the remainder of the population. Thus if the dilemma has had seriously destructive consequences, it can be the trigger and stimulant for an agro-ecological change and the development of a round and territorialized bio-economy to enhance the durability of Caribbean farming and food systems and promote the accomplishment of sustainability and food security objectives.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7305011
Online openly obtainable, openly available information was gathered on the participation of the food sector with: sponsorship of events; sponsorship of sessions; speakers from the food market; scholarships, fellowship, grants, awards and various other rewards and; exhibit space/booths. Thirty-one occasions kept in twenty countries of the area had details publicly offered online at the period of information collection. There is a mainly unreported, however most likely considerable, participation of food sector stars in nutrition and dietetics occasions in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7332728
Caribbean tiny island developing states are highly prone to the impacts of environment change. This short study paper, which reports on an organized search of the academic literary works and belongs to a larger study project on climate adjustment in Caribbean seaside areas, investigates 2 central concerns: what obstacles to food security are Caribbean SIDS encountering due to climate change? We review peer-reviewed write-ups published after the release of Working Group II's contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2014, which included a chapter on vulnerability and effects in tiny islands. We discover that blog post AR5 articles validate that environment change will have a considerable effect on farming and fisheries in the Caribbean, generally via changing patterns of air, climate and sea surface temperatures, and water accessibility.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7312552
In this research, the writers include the main adaptive techniques they found in the literary works evaluated: water renovation as a main adaptive technique for farming, apart from the ones that use geographic details systems innovations for monitoring vulnerable areas, diversity of cultures, adoption of agroecological techniques, decrease of the gender space in land administration, and application of academic approaches.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7392865
St. Vincent & the Grenadines sustains 2 associated whaling operations, which generate food from cetaceans for human intake. Recent information recommend that Hg concentrations in cetacean tissue samples go beyond advised usage limits. Based on provisionary tolerable weekly consumption standards for MeHg from the Food and Agricultural Organization and the World Health Organization, we determined risk-free once a week consumption quantities for specific cetacean-based food, based on reported usage patterns. The usage of cetacean-based foodstuff might represent a public health risk, as a huge section of the population might be revealed to high MeHg focus.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7408011
The recurring inundation of coastlines in the tropical North Atlantic by pelagic Sargassum and the connected social, eco-friendly and financial difficulties, have aroused terrific rate of interest in its potential use as an aquatic energy plant. This novel research study examined Caribbean pelagic Sargassum and the collaborating communications of hydrothermal pretreatment and co-digestion with food waste at different mix proportions, on biogas manufacturing improvement and bio-fertiliser recovery. Set testing disclosed that hydrothermal pretreatment advertised the hydrolysis of organics in pelagic Sargassum and food waste, hence increasing methane recuperation from mono-substrate digestion by 212. 57% and 10. 16%, respectively, in contrast to the untreated samples. Food waste also supplied lipids to the seaweed feed which enhanced the digestion efficiency. The optimum advancing methane yield of 292. 18 ± 8. 70 mL/gVS was gotten from a blend of co-pretreated pelagic Sargassum and food waste at the weight proportion 25:75.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7289448
Trophic networks are the way by which energy is dispersed via the ecological community and from it. Trophic interactions can further our understanding of the FDS of coral reefs that can be related to their geomorphological framework; nevertheless, the variety of the states is presently unknown. Thus, we explored the geomorphology of a collection of the Greater Caribbean reef, defining gradients of reefs reef FDS. Eleven coral reefs in the Gulf of Mexico and 17 coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea were taken a look at, consisting of fringing coral reefs and platform reefs. Early states match to fringing coral reefs in the Mexican Caribbean, and later states match to arising platform coral reefs without and with sandy-island cay. Using topological indices as variables and the eight FDS as nominal variables in a partial redundancy analysis, we confirmed that energy flow control raises with maturation and level of physical and geomorphological structural intricacy.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7198080
We make use of data from the University of East Anglia's Climatic Research Unit and from the Food and Agriculture Organization for 28 LAC countries over a 54‐year duration to estimate arbitrary specifications stochastic manufacturing frontier designs to determine CATFP and afterwards use cross‐sectional regressions and a mistake adjustment version to evaluate CATFP convergence throughout countries in the area.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7273843
To acquire lasting development in Latin Ameica and the Caribbean, where there is a solid dependence on commodity and food cost advancement, priority interest in the direction of food, water, and energy security is crucial. In this literature and data evaluation, we took a look at the standard and fads of source security based on the Water-Energy-Food Nexus concept. Results also revealed that water shortage, given unequal circulations of rainfall, will be intensified by altering climate problems; improvements in water governance as well as water and cleanliness arrangements are required.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/6807259
Prey schedule is the major driver of the visibility of whale sharks in the gathering sites around the globe. The north Mexican Caribbean is among one of the most important feeding sites for the whale shark, at which two resources of food are readily available. Marine studies were carried out around the three historical areas of even more whale sharks spotted, in between June and September 2016 to measure physic-chemical specifications, collect zooplankton examples, record whale shark and calorimetric evaluation from zooplankton were performed. The whale shark circulation and abundance were mostly controlled by food quantity made up primarily by fish eggs, confirming the food high quality as a lower aspect. However, analyzing food with whale shark visibility, the quality food was appropriate around July and September when high quality and amount food was available.
Source link: https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/catalog/7291199
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