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Cargo - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 14 September 2022

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MFA-net: Object detection for complex X-ray cargo and baggage security imagery.

The object-scale variant problem is solved by the multiscale dilated convolutional module, which converts the detector backbone's standard convolution to a conditional convolution. The proposed attention and fusion modules in the second module of the fusion feature pyramid network help with multiscale object recognition and elimination of object detection and occlusion problems. The third point detection head adopts an auxiliary head to forecast the new keypoints of the bounding box to emphasize the localizability without needing more ground-truth information. We tested the MFA-net's results on two large-scale X-ray image datasets from different domains: a Security Inspection X-ray dataset in the baggage domain and our database named CargoX in the cargo domain. Thus, adopting the new object detectors on X-ray security photographs would improve the detection capability of the new object detectors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272961


Role of actin cytoskeleton in cargo delivery mediated by vertically aligned silicon nanotubes

Abstract Nanofabrication technologies have recently been applied to the creation of engineered nanou2013bio interfaces for manipulating intricate cellular processes. Vertically configured nanostructures such as nanoneedles have been used for a variety of biological functions, including mechanotransduction, biosensing, and intracellular delivery. The actin cytoskeleton acts in actin dynamics inhibiting actin production by silicon nanotubes, according to this research. Specifically, actin inhibition 12 h before SiNT-cellular interfacing significantly reduces mRNA delivery to mouse fibroblast GPE86 cells in comparison to untreated controls. Nevertheless, actin inhibition, which began 2 h after the establishment of GPE86 cell u2013SiNT interface, has negligible effect on mRNA transfection, but both Cyto D and Jas treatment groups' efficacy is still at > 80%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12951-022-01618-z


Post-COVID-19 Parkinsonism and Parkinson’s Disease Pathogenesis: The Exosomal Cargo Hypothesis

Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease globally. Dopaminergic neuron degeneration in substantia n. . . . pars compacta and aggregation of misfolded alpha-synuclein are the PD hallmarks, followed by motor and non-motor signs. Coronavirus disease 2019, which is characterized by the onset of acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection, has progressed from a novel pneumonia to a multifaceted disease with multiple clinical signs, among which neural sequalae appear insidious and potentially long-lived. SARS-CoV-2 infection has multiple clinical signs and physiological and molecular pathways with PD, according to herein. Travelling from the periphery to the brain, SARS-CoV-2-related exosomal cargo contains SARS-CoV-2 DNA, viral proteins, inflammatory mediators, and modified host proteins, potentially leading to future parkinsonism and PD development.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms23179739


On Optimizing Driving Patterns of Autonomous Cargo Bikes as a Function of Distance and Speed—A Psychological Study

In the coming years, it is predicted that the number of autonomous cars will rise in the United States. To increase acceptance and widespread use, it is critical to consider the safety of vulnerable road users, such as pedestrians, early during development. The cargo bike's behavior was also considered safe even at short distances and high speeds. Planners and decisionmakers should still embrace the mobility revolution and try out potential substitutes for motorized individual transportation on a high safety road, according to the high safety record.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1109/OJITS.2022.3198120


Small molecule mediated inhibition of protein cargo recognition by peroxisomal transport receptor PEX5 is toxic to Trypanosoma

Trypanosoma compartmentalize glycolysis into glycolysis-specific organelles, glycosomes. Peroxisomal targeting signal-1, which is identified by the soluble receptor PEX5, is present in the majority of trypanosomal glycolytic enzymes, enabling docking and transfer of the cargo to the glycosomal lumen. Given its pivotal role in the glycosomal protein import, the PEX5-u2013PTS1 interaction may be a potential target to reduce glycolytic enzyme production and thus kill the parasite. Six of the identified hits were found to have passed orthogonal screening criteria and were found to discourage parasite formation in cell culture.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-18841-1


Intelligent Scheduling Method for Bulk Cargo Terminal Loading Process Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning

Based on deep reinforcement learning, this paper proposes a framework for optimizing the scheduling efficiency of the bulk cargo loading process. Based on Double DQN, an enhanced deep reinforcement learning scheme is introduced with a fully connected network structure and select action sets according to the value of the network and the environment's occupancy status. This paper's primary goal is to convert the bulk cargo terminal's useful characteristics into a state set, partition the scheduling process into separate steps, and then reduce the scheduling problem to simple inputs and outputs. Another significant contribution of this article is the development of a reinforcement learning algorithm for the bulk cargo terminal scheduling problem, as the training of the new algorithm is enhanced, giving an example for combating bulk cargo terminal scheduling problems using reinforcement learning.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics11091390


Robust and Real-Time Detection and Tracking of Moving Objects with Minimum 2D LiDAR Information to Advance Autonomous Cargo Handling in Ports

In this paper, we present a computationally low-cost, robust DATMO system that accepts only 2D laser rangefinder data as input. Our DATMO algorithm is intended to be used in new Autonomous Guided Vehicles to enhance cargo handling operations at port terminals, moving toward the next generation of fully autonomous transportation vehicles due to a low demand both in sensor requirements and computation. We exploited the minimum amount of 2D-LRFs by segmenting the elements of the scene in a model-free manner and performing a fast object matching operation on two separate scans. We can easily identify dynamic objects in this way and can therefore minimize the computational burden of the related tracking scheme by between two and five times. With real data gathered in a port terminal in the Netherlands, we also evaluate our device.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/s19010107


Nanodevices for the Efficient Codelivery of CRISPR-Cas9 Editing Machinery and an Entrapped Cargo: A Proposal for Dual Anti-Inflammatory Therapy

High cargo loading and CRISPR-Cas9 plasmid shielding are provided by Nanoparticles, which also provides tightly coded CRISPR-Cas9 and cell-independent codelivery. Nanoparticles display GSDMD gene editing by downregulating inflammatory cell death and increasing the inflammatory response by the codelivery of VX-765, as well as reducing the inflammatory response by the codelivery of VX-765. Our findings, taken together, reveal the effectiveness of MSNs as a versatile platform for gene editing and drug therapy, as well as the preparation of advanced nanodevices to satisfy potential biomedical needs.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics14071495

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions