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Cardiovascular Health - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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A preconception lifestyle intervention in women with obesity and cardiovascular health in their children

Background Maternal obesity during pregnancy is associated with reduced cardiovascular health in children. Through a lifestyle change, a plan to reduce CVH in children may be able to reduce preconception maternal obesity. Methods We welcomed children born to women who participated in a randomised controlled trial to determine the effect of a preconception lifestyle change in women with obesity. In children in the intervention group, the Left ventricular ejection fraction was higher than that in the control group compared to children in the control group. This is the first experimental human evidence establishing the effects of a preconception lifestyle change in women with obesity on MRI-derived CVH in their children. Improving maternal preconception health can avoid some of the negative effects of maternal obesity on CVH in their children.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41390-022-02443-8


Association of covert brain infarcts and white matter hyperintensities with risk of hip fracture in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study

Summary : Poorer bone mineral density, decreased brain infarcts, and white matter hyperintensities have been blamed on brain MRIs in older adults. We discovered that undercover infarcts and WMHs can also be associated with an elevated risk of future hip fracture. Methods A prospective cohort of 3373 community-dwelling adults aged u2265-60 years was analyzed with a brain MRI and a brain MRI. Compared to those without infarcts, the risk of incident hip fracture remained 32% among participants with the u22651 covert infarct was 32 percent higher among hip fracture survivors. According to WMH grades 2U20133 and 4u20139, the demographic-adjusted risk of hip fractures was 1. 34 and 1. 83, respectively.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-022-06565-x


Changes in ideal cardiovascular health among Malawian adults from 2009 to 2017

The American Heart Association's Ideal Cardiovascular Health is a term used by the American Heart Association as part of its 2020 Impact Goals. In a population of Malawian adults, we were looking to investigate changes in the prevalence of ideal CVH and its components. The prevalence of achieving u2265 6 ideal CVH measurements increased from 9. 4% in 2009 to 33. 3% in 2017, whereas those with u22642 ideal CVH metrics dropped from 7. 6% to 0. 5 percent in this time. The mean number of ideal CVH measurements in women compared to men increased from 2009 to 2017, according to the female average. However, men had higher levels of nicotine, fruit, and vegetables consumption than those of women compared to women. Also, although BMI in men increased, the proportion in women decreased in women. Overall, CVH improved in Malawian adults from 2009 to 2017 and was the highest in women, according to the statistic.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-26340-6


Spousal concordance of ideal cardiovascular health metrics: findings from the 2014–2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Using a Korea national representative survey, we investigated whether a spouse's cardiovascular health information status affects the other spouse's desired CVH. Methods We used the health information of 6,030 married couples who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2014 to 2019. The CVH's score was ranging from 0 to 7, with the best CVH measured as receiving ideal scores in at least five CVH measures. Both partners and household income, as well as their wives' educational backgrounds, had a 1. 49 percent higher chance of achieving ideal CVH if their wives had also achieved desirable CVH. In comparison, wives of husbands who had an ideal CVH had 1. 46 times greater odds of achieving ideal CVH. Conclusions of our research A significant spousal concordance of ideal CVH in Korean married couples was discovered by our research.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40885-022-00224-3


Early Vascular Aging in Obese Individuals with Low Cardiovascular Health

In the low CVH-L8 group, peripheral and central systolic blood pressures and pulse wave adequacy were both significantly elevated. Low frequency/high frequency ratios in the low CVH-L8 group were highly correlated with PWV and atherogenic index of plasma with Framingham risk score, even after account for age and sex. Conclusion In this sample of obese people with low CVH-L8, there were elevated peripheral and central blood pressures, as well as signs of early vascular aging, arterial stiffness, and endothelial dysfunction.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40292-022-00555-0

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions