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Cardiovascular Health - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Association between the weight-adjusted-waist index and cardiovascular disease among US adults: Results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009-2016

Background: The weight-adjusted-waist index, as a new obesity-related indicator, seems to be a good predictor of cardiovascular disease in East Asian populations. In adult United States adults, this study sought to determine the relationship between WWI and the risk of CVD. To determine the connection between WWI and CVD, a multivariable regression analysis and subgroup analysis were conducted. There was a positive linear correlation between WWI and the chances of CVD. Besides, subgroup studies revealed that stronger links between WWI and CVD were found among participants younger than 50 years old. Conclusions: High levels of WWI were clearly linked to an elevated risk of CVD in young adults in the United States, especially in people under the age of 50. According to these results, WWI may be an intervention measure to reduce the risk of CVD in the general adult population.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR541552


Heterogeneity in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factor Prevalence Among White, African American, African Immigrant, and Afro-Caribbean Adults: Insights From the 2010-2018 National Health Interview Survey.

Background In the United States, black adults have higher risk of cardiovascular disease risk factors than White adults. However, it is also unknown how CVD risk factors compares between Black ethnic subgroups, including African Americans, African immigrants, Afro-Caribbeans, and White people. Trends in CVD risk factors among three Black ethnic subgroups and White adults between 2010 and 2018 were investigated by our investigator. Methods and Results A comparative review of the National Health Interview Survey was conducted among 4 997 participants, determining sociodemographic variables and trends in 4 self-reported CVD risk factors. Conclusions We found significant differences in CVD risk factors among 3 Black ethnic subgroups in comparison to White adults. There are disparities and strengths in CVD risk factors, showing that race alone does not account for disparities in CVD risk factors.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36073627


Mobile Health Use by Older Individuals at Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in an Australian Cohort: Cross-sectional Survey Study.

Objective of this study We examined smartphone usage among older Australians in general and those at risk of cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus in both young and old Australians. Questions regarding technology and smartphone use were asked in the 2019 follow-up survey. Our primary outcome indicator was mobile health use, which was defined as having used a mobile health app before. We categorized half of these people as being at risk of cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 38. 0 percent as having cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the total sample, the percentage of smartphone health app users in the at-risk group was 31. 4 percent relative to 29. 16%. Many that used mobile health applications were more likely to be female, younger, without physical disability, and with a higher income. People at risk of cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus were not significantly more likely to use mobile health than those without risk. Conclusions People at risk of cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes mellitus were not more likely to use smartphone health applications than those without risk. Many who used mobile health services were less likely to be male, older, with a physical impairment, and with a lower income. From the findings, we discovered that equity must be considered when launching a mobile health service to reach all those that might profit from it.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36069764


Suboptimal oral health and the risk of cardiovascular disease in the presence of competing death: a data linkage analysis.

Objectives of this report The aim of this study is to simultaneously investigate the links between suboptimal oral health and cardiovascular disease in addition to competing death. Methods Ontario residents aged 40 years and over who participated in the Canadian Community Health Survey 2003 and 2007-2008 were monitored until December 31, 2016 for the prevalence of CVD or CD. The fully updated models show that there is a 35 percent rise in the risk of CVD and 57% rise in the risk of CD among those who reported poor oral health and those with good oral hygiene. According to those who reported inability to chew, fully upgraded models show an 11% rise in the risk of CVD and 37 percent rise in CD danger among those who reported inability to chew. According to investigators, a more holistic strategy aimed at improving their overall health and well-being should focus on reducing CVD among those with SOH.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36068436


Protecting Cardiovascular Health From Wildfire Smoke.

Wildfire smoke is quickly increasing a threat to global cardiovascular health. We look at the scientific evidence relating wildfire smoke exposures to cardiovascular disease. The majority of Earth's surface will remain unchanged as wildfire smoke exposures rises. Fortunately, the effect of wildfire smoke on cardiovascular health is modifiable at both individual and population levels through targeted interventions. Patients are thus unlikely to be protected from smoke exposures.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36067276


A Portable Sweat Sensor Based on Carbon Quantum Dots for Multiplex Detection of Cardiovascular Health Biomarkers.

The future of personalized diagnostics and cardiovascular disease care is based on the use of portable sensors. Portable sensors can collect biomarker data in biological fluids such as sweat, a step that reduces the shortcomings of traditional hospital-centered healthcare. Herein, we demonstrate a portable sensor that simultaneously measures Na +, ascorbic acid, and human neuropeptide Y in sweat, all useful biomarkers of cardiovascular health. The portable sensor consists of three working electrodes, two reference electrodes, and one counter electrode. The working electrodes were constructed by depositing sensing components on carbon quantum dot electrodes. As proof of portable sensor capability, we show herein the successful simultaneous detection of the three biomarkers in a real sweat from healthy volunteers during regular activities such as exercise, additional ascorbic acid ingestion, and extra Na + ingestion.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36066349


Considering health literacy in cardiovascular disease management: a qualitative study on healthcare professionals' and patients' perspectives.

Background The implementation of health literacy techniques tailored to patient health education is a promising way to improve their outcomes in the context of cardiovascular diseases. Low-HL patients require the health communication skills of healthcare professionals as well as the quality of information provided. In order to prepare for the introduction of a difficult strategy targeted at improving CVD management for low-HL patients, we set out to find HCP knowledge about HL, patients', and HCPs' perspectives on current practices regarding low-HL patients, as well as facilitators and barriers to increasing communication to patients' HL level. Patients' health literacy and Wellbeing were based on the Theory of Planned Behavior for HCPs and the framework of Health Literacy and Health Action for Patients. HCP-patient interactions and patient data obtained by hospital and community HCPs were not consistent with those published by hospital and community HCPs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36064395


Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke-Focused Competency Assessment Tools for Community Health Workers in the United States: A Scoping Review.

Cardiovascular disease and stroke are two key contributors to the United States' persistent disease epidemic. Despite the high incidence of stroke, 90 percent of all stroke events are preventable and can be traced to seven key risk factors – increased blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, smoking, obesity, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. Stroke prevention programs carried out by community health workers in the United States have been highly successful in preventing MRFs from emerging. A scoping analysis of the competency assessment methods used in CVD and stroke-focused CHW training programs was conducted. We conclude that there is a pressing need for the creation of a comprehensive and reliable assessment device in CVD and stroke prevention to assess CHW's effectiveness and increase their credibility, which is one of the first steps toward integrating CHWs into health care services.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36062599


Improving cardiovascular health in primary care in Saint Lucia through the HEARTS Initiative.

At six demonstration centers in St Lucia, the aim was to expand blood pressure monitoring and hypertension registry coverage. Methods Used St Lucia's Ministry of Health, in cooperation with the Pan American Health Organization, began the HEARTS Technical Package in six primary health care facilities, with six-monthly monitoring of blood pressure control and hypertension registry coverage from January 2020 to December 2021. After the intervention, the prevalence of blood pressure control at 6, 12, 18, and 24-months were 37. 1%, 28. 9%, 36. 5%, and 36. 5% respectively. Patients using the hypertension registry service increased by 17. 8% by 17. 8%.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36071919

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions