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Cardiovascular Health - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Cardiorespiratory fitness and targeted proteomics involved in brain and cardiovascular health in children with overweight/obesity.

Background/objectives Cardiorespiratory fitness is inversely related to cardiovascular disease risk factors and brain health inequalities. However, the physiological pathways relating CRF to health in children are not well understood. In plasma of fit children with overweight/obesity, we wanted to investigate protein levels related to brain health and CVD. Conclusion Potential candidate proteins relating to CRF levels in children with OW/OB were identified, and they were found to be involved in several biological processes such as neurogenesis, immune/inflammatory response, signal transduction, and platelet activation.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36622372


Activity-to-sedentary ratio provides novel insight into mortality reduction among male survivors of cardiovascular disease in the United States: national health and nutrition examination survey, 2007-2014.

Methods Optimist cohort studies were conducted from the 2007 to 2014 United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which was followed through December 31, 2015. After accounting for all covariates, CVD survivors with an ASR between 0. 21 and 0. 57, and those with an ASR greater than 0. 5 were at a significantly higher risk of death than those with an ASR greater than 0. 1. An increase in ASR more than and equal to 0. 18 was attributed to a lower risk of mortality among males, according to a statistically significant association between sex and ASR. Conclusions An negative association between ASR and mortality in CVD survivors, especially in males, is not present when ASR is more than 0. 18.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36604643


Impact of frailty on disease-specific health status in cardiovascular disease.

Although the effect of frailty on cardiovascular disease mortality has been well-researched, more research has been done on cardiovascular disease-specific health status-cardiac symptoms, physical function, and quality of life. The impact of frailty on disease-specific health is even greater concern in the case of acute heart disease, since diagnosis involves physiologically taxing procedures that can exacerbate health status. There is no evidence that frail patients are benefitting from one procedure over another, but there are no claims that frail patients benefit from one procedure over another. Both heart failure and valvular heart disease sufferers, health status improvements may help resolve frailty, stressing the connection between cardiovascular disease and frailty and saying that therapy should not be refused solely based on the presence of frailty alone.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36604164


The impact of health capital investments on mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes in Africa: a pooling data analysis

Background: African countries face significant challenges from infectious diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis are affecting African countries due to poor health services and poor infrastructure. The prevalence of these chronic diseases is on the rise, making it the leading cause of death in Africa. In Africa, we wanted to investigate the effects of health capital investment on chronic disease mortality in order to inform health system responses to these changing patterns of disease. The estimation method for a dynamic panel model is based on a system called Generalized Method of Moments. Results and Conclusions The results show that health capital investment has a positive effect on chronic disease mortality reduction in pooling results, independent of gender considerations. In addition, rising health capital investment is linked to elevated persistent disease mortality rates in low-income countries and decreases in middle/high-income countries. In addition, chronic diseases mortality also depends on urbanization, unemployment, and alcohol and tobacco use.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR592559


Light physical activity predicts long-term mortality in individuals with a different cardiovascular health status: a cohort study.

LIPA appears to be favourably associated with mortality in the general population and illness populations, according to studies, but the relationship between different cardiovascular health statuses and mortality is not clear.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36599011


The Association of Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Scores and Osteosarcopenia Among Older Adult Populations: The Results of Bushehr Elderly Health (BEH) Program.

This research sought to investigate the relationship between a newly improved CVD risk score and osteosarcopenia in the elderly population, considering the correlation of cardiovascular disease with both osteoporosis and sarcopenia. Participants in the second phase of the Bushehr Elderly Health initiative were included. In men with and without osteosarcopenia, respectively, 0. 340 and 0. 229; In women, the corresponding risks were 0. 260 and 0. 207, respectively; By confounders, CVD risk u2265 20% in women, an increasing risk of osteosarcopenia in women has risen by 72%. Both men and women had an inverse correlation with osteosarcopenia. This analysis found a strong correlation between WHO CVD risk score and osteosarcopenia. Due to the difficult diagnosis of osteosarcopenia, a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk scores with this condition can help identify high-risk individuals and refer them for further diagnostic procedures.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36598565


Exploration of Cardiology Patient Hospital Presentations, Health Care Utilisation and Cardiovascular Risk Factors During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

By a mixed methods approach, we wanted to evaluate the effects of COVID-19 at two Australian hospitals, focusing on cardiovascular hospital admissions, the use of community resources, and cardiovascular risk factor monitoring. Compared to the first COVID-19 lockdowns after the introduction of COVID-19 lockdowns, the admissions findings showed that prior to the introduction of COVID-19 lockdowns, the number, complexity, and mortality of cardiovascular hospital admissions were reduced. During interviews, we asked patients about hospital and community health service use, as well as their understanding of cardiovascular risk factors from the first lockdown. After the lockdown period began, results admissions in hospital presentations and cardiology admissions showed a decline in hospital presentations and cardiology admissions. Patients who delayed their consultation due to COVID-19 fear, 27% of patients canceled presentation, but several patients reported reducing their general practitioner or pathology/imaging appointments. Patients expressed fear about going to the hospital and finding it difficult to find community health care.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36604223


Neighborhood greenspace and cognition: The cardiovascular health study.

Objectives We investigated whether greenspace technologies were connected with clinically adjudicated dementia status. The findings We found no significant correlation between overall greenspace and risk of mild cognitive impairment or dementia, with few exceptions in forest and greenspace diversity. Forest greenspace was correlated with lower MCI and greenspace diversity, which was also related to reduced risk of incident dementia. Improved greenspace type and diversity measurement could help to establish the relationship between greenspace and cognition.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36603455


Neighborhood characteristics and arterial stiffness among Black adults - Results from the Jackson Heart Study and Morehouse-Emory Cardiovascular Center for Health Equity.

Introduction Poor quality neighborhood environments are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Black adults, who have a large CVD health inequalities. The effect of neighborhood on arterial stiffness among Black adults remains unclear, as a sign of early vascular age contributes to the onset of hypertension and adverse CVD events. Methods We investigated 1582 Black adults living in Jackson, Mississippi, MS from the Jackson Heart Study and 451 Black adults in Atlanta, GA, with no known CVD. After adjustment for CVD risk factors and income, improvement in social characteristics, such as social cohesion in JHS and involvement with peers in MECA, were associated with lower PWV in both cohorts and lower AIx in MECA.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36597615


The evolution of digital health technologies in cardiovascular disease research.

When digital technologies were first introduced in practice, morbidity and mortality rates in patients with cardiovascular disease have decreased. For scholars, research into digital health technologies in cardiovascular care has been relatively recent, so it is essential to understand the past of cardiovascular research in cardiovascular medicine: its emergence, rate of expansion, hot topics, and temporal evolution. A new emergence of scientific developments in cardiovascular rehabilitation, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and arrythmia research were also demonstrated. Conversely, wearable technologies, activity tracking, and electronic medical records analysis have all hit their low point of reported research activity. With increasing amounts of novel technologies becoming available and more patients participating in remote health care monitoring, further analysis and analysis into emerging technologies, including their long-term effects, is required.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36596833

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions