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Cardiovascular Fitness - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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Influence of sex and presence of cardiovascular risk factors on relations between cardiorespiratory fitness and cerebrovascular hemodynamics.

In healthy females but not males, aerobic fitness can raise cerebrovascular pulsatility in cerebrovascular pulsatility. It is unclear if cardiovascular risk factors influence sex-specific correlations of fitness with cerebral hemodynamics and vascular contributors to cerebral hemodynamics. Females with MCA PI were positively connected to MCA PI, but not males with CVD risk factors were disadvantaged. The VO2peak was positively linked to MCA PI among females and not with those who are not involved in males with CVD risk factors. VO2peak was most closely associated with cerebral hemodynamics, but in females without CVD risk factors only, it had sex-specific correlations with carotid stiffness and pulse pressure. These findings indicate that gender-specific associations between fitness and cerebral pulsatility among females with CVD risk factors may be related to the different effects of fitness on carotid stiffness and pulse pressure. In addition, the presence of modifiable CVD risk factors can influence exercise's protective mechanisms on cerebrovascular hemodynamics.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36074924


Cardiorespiratory Fitness and the Risk of All-Cause, Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality in Men with Hypercholesterolemia.

Background: It's unclear if increased cardiorespiratory fitness provides protection against cardiovascular disease in people with apparent hypercholesterolemia. hazard ratios for CVD deaths in moderate and high categories of CRF were 0. 66 and 0. 55 respectively, after baseline age, examination year, body mass index, total cholesterol, nicotine use, physical fitness, hypertension, diabetes, and parental history of CVD. CRF and CVD deaths among normal-weight younger, and inactive men were associated in an inverse manner. However, no significant correlation was found between CRF and cancer mortality. Conclusions: Among men with hypercholesterolemia, elevated CRF was correlated with a reduced risk of dying from CVD despite other medical risk factors. Our results showed the importance of promoting CRF in the primary prevention of CVD in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36079141


Effects of cardiovascular disease risk factors on cardiorespiratory fitness in firefighters – a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis

The aim of this study is to determine the effects of cardiovascular disease risk factors on firefighters' cardiorespiratory fitness. Using a researcher-generated data extraction method, data extraction will be performed. The pooled correlation results will be determined using the Meta-analysis's Report Manager 5. 3 to determine the exposure effects, and MedCalc. u00ae statistical software Ltd. will be used to determine the pooled correlation results. This systematic study came from the global cardiovascular health issues that firefighters face and how the accumulation and expansion of CVD risk factors influence firefighters' cardiorespiratory fitness. Cardiorespiratory has been demonstrated to be a key determining factor in firefighters' optimal occupational success, but it has been understudied in terms of CVD risk factors. This report is expected to make a major contribution to the international scientific literature on the effect that CVD risk factors will have on cardiorespiratory fitness.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR538626


Exercise intervention on cardiorespiratory fitness in rheumatoid arthritis patients with high cardiovascular disease risk: a single-arm pilot study.

In response to the exercises, we wanted to investigate in RA patients with CVD risk: the safety of moderate to high-intensity aerobic exercises, potential increases in cardiovascular endurance and disease risk, and CVD risk factors. According to the Dutch Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation, a single-arm pilot-exercise intervention study involving 26 consecutive patients with a > 4% 10-year risk of CVD mortality in 20 years was conducted. Conclusion A 12-week exercise therapy appears to be safe and enhances cardiorespiratory endurance and disease risk in patients with RA with a high risk of cardiovascular diseases. A maximum exercise test and a 12-week aerobic-based medium-to-high intensity exercise intervention were both able to achieve a maximum exercise test and a 12-week aerobic-based medium-to-high intensity exercise intervention in Rheumatoid arthritis patients at a high risk of cardiovascular disease. In rheumatoid arthritis patients with elevated cardiovascular disease risk, the exercise intervention raised cardiorespiratory fitness and disease risk.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36006555


Physical activity on cardiorespiratory fitness and cardiovascular risk in premenopausal and postmenopausal women: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

Importance (Importance) of the obvious cardiovascular protection of premenopause-infertile women are lowered with the loss of estrogen post-menopause, despite the fact that estrogen receptors in premenopause are reduced. Through a systematic review of random controlled trials, this study conducted a critical review of studies for health prevention that looked at the effects of physical fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in women, comparing premenopausal and postmenopausal states. In both states, only one study looked at the differences between the menopausal state and the effects of physical activity intervention, as well as stressing the importance of physical fitness. Conclusions and relevance: The need for more systematic, controlled trials of appropriate length and dose in women and testing the effects depending on their menopausal state is continually rising.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35969888

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions