Advanced searches left 3/3

Cardiovascular - Wiley Online Library

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 22 January 2023

* If you want to update the article please login/register

The Role of Dietary Salt in Metabolism and Energy Balance, Insights Beyond Cardiovascular Disease

An organism's survival depends on dietary salts. High salt intake is closely related to cardiovascular disease, especially hypertension, in the context of a variety of well-studied mechanisms, especially hypertension. Salt overconsumption may also be associated with metabolic disorders, according to new studies. We begin this article by presenting the most recent findings on salt-induced CVD, salt reduction, and the use of salt substitution as a therapy. Nonetheless, this report highlights the importance of salt as a noncaloric nutrient in regulating whole body energy homeostasis. Through this research, we hope to have a scientific framework for future studies to more precisely address the metabolic effects of dietary salt and salt replacement therapies.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dom.14980


Cardiovascular diseases display etiological and seasonal trend in human population: Evidence from seasonal cardiovascular comorbid diseases (SCCD) index

Many diseases are related to seasonal shifts in the human cardiovascular system, which are believed to play a crucial role in the onset of many diseases. On the other hand, several scientific studies show that only certain groups of people are more seasonal sensitive and that their maladaptation may lead to various illnesses. The hypothesis for this research was that cardiovascular and related diseases had strong links with seasonal and etiologic variations. 419 systematic screenu201eligible studies were also reviewed in the current study, yielding 852 disease association relationships between cardiovascular and related disorders. To narrow down the identified CVDs, a disease ontologyu2010-based semantic similarity network analysis was done. Due to hypertension's seasonality, that is, summer and winter hypertension, Hypertension has two seasonal peaks and peaks. Although, heart failure was also identified, with minor temporal changes, only minor temporal trends were present. Hence, all five diseases could be classified as seasonal cardiovascular comorbid diseases.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajhb.23867


Procoagulant factors and future risk of arterial cardiovascular disease in patients with prior venous thrombosis: A cohort study

Patients with venous thrombosis are at a higher risk of arterial cardiovascular disease in the future. We investigated whether shared risk factors for VT and CVD are related to elevated procoagulant levels, and whether the association between these risk factors and subsequent CVD was mediated by these procoagulant factors in patients with VT. In a follow-up study involving 4956 patients with VT, 2176 patients were blood tested and connected to the Dutch Hospital registry of Statistics Netherlands to find hospital admissions or procedures for subsequent CVD. Provocant factor levels were also correlated with CVD risk.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jha2.618


Closed‐loop modeling of central and intrinsic cardiac nervous system circuits underlying cardiovascular control

The baroreflex is a multi-utenput, multi-u2010output control physiological device that regulates blood pressure by modulating nerve activity between the brainstem and the heart. We developed a computational model of closed loop cardiovascular control by including a network representation of the ICN within central control reflex circuits. Our simulations match the experimentally established correlation between RSA and lung tidal volume. To the experimentally observed changes in the heart rate, our simulations estimated the relative contributions of the sensory and motor neuron pathways to the experimentally observed changes in the heart rate. Our closed loop cardiovascular control system model is ideal for assessing bioelectronic interventions to relieve heart disease and renormalize cardiovascular physiology.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/aic.18033


Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and long‐term cardiovascular health: FIGO Best Practice Advice

They are responsible for 16% of maternal deaths in high-income countries and around 25% in low-income and middle-income countries. Hemodynamic changes in women with a history of HDP may persist for years and contribute to long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Therefore, pregnancy and the postpartum period provide the opportunity to find women with underlying, often unidentified, cardiovascular risk factors. To reduce the risk of future cardiovascular disease in those with a history of HDP, it is important to devise strategies with lifestyle and therapeutic approaches.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ijgo.14540


Prevalence, incidence and relative risk of cardiovascular disease risk factors in adults with atopic dermatitis: A systematic review

Cardiovascular disease has been attributed to atopic dermatitis. A better understanding of CVD risk factors in AD populations may help dermatologists better advise their patients regarding potential risks and treatment choices. This systematic literature review investigated the prevalence, absolute risk, and relative risk of CVD risk factors in adults with AD. Participants in observational studies that reported the prevalence, absolute risk, and/or relative risk of CVD risk factors in adults with AD were eligible. Only nine studies published the temporal correlation between AD and CVD risk factors. Only one of these studies reported an elevated risk of developing CVD risk factors in AD populations, indicating absolute or relative danger. Despite the massive number of studies to date, reliable data regarding AD and several CVD risk factors is lacking, and further, well planned prospective studies are required.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jvc2.87


A humanized anti‐cocaine mAb antagonizes the cardiovascular effects of cocaine in rats

Abstracts are more than tenfold. The recombinant monoclonal anti-u2010 cocaine antibody, h2E2, sequesters cocaine in plasma, increasing concentrations by more than tenfold. The elevated levels of cocaine in the plasma could have limiting peripheral effects, particularly in the cardiovascular system. We investigated the duration and severity of cocaine's rat heart's heart, as well as if h2E2 would antagonize the process. Every 5 min was recorded, and blood pressure measurements were taken throughout the entire study using 30u2010s cycles. The cocaine push had no effect on cardiac parameters, according to a therapy using h2E2 1 h before the cocaine push. The subsequent cocaine treatment had no effect on the ejection fraction, indicating that the antibody-u2010 bound cocaine does not affect the heart. Cocaine in the presence of h2E2 is pharmaceutically inert, and h2E2 in the presence of h2E2 is potentially more effective in terms of reversing cocaine effects on the cardiovascular system.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/prp2.1045


Hypertension, a linchpin between environmental noise exposure and the development of cardiovascular disease?

Some epidemiological evidence supports the connection between occupational noise exposure and a high risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The study, conducted by an observational cross-u2010sectional research using administrative data of 4746 workers, 32. 4% of whom were exposed to high occupational noise, revealed 32 percent of workers exposed to high occupational pollution. The correlation between noise and hypertension in young participants was even higher in young participants, according to subgroup reports. Noise exposure activates the sympathetic and endocrine systems, resulting in an increase in blood pressure and changes in other health risk factors. Hypertension may also be caused by emotional tension and unconscious physiological stress. Finally, psychological tension exacerbated by noise exposure may also contribute to obesity and alcohol intake, which may also raise the risk of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease. Previously published studies showed connections between environmental noise exposure and hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jch.14618

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions