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Cardiovascular - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 22 September 2022

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Effects of C2 hemisection on respiratory and cardiovascular functions in rats.

Permanent neuromotor and autonomic deficits are associated with high cervical spinal cord injury. The present study sought to investigate the effects of C2 hemisection on various parameters that are relevant to rats' recovery and 7 days post-injury. In anesthetized rats, temporary diaphragm hemiplegia was found during noisy breathing after 7 days post-injury, while permanent diaphragmatic electromyography was discovered by ultrasound and confirmed by diaphragmatic electromyography. Renal filtration was unaffected at 7 days post-injury; however, a few days post-injury, a remnant systolic disorder characterized by a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction persisted. A more comprehensive review of the physiopathology of high cervical spinal cord injuries during a longer time period post-injury could help determine putative therapeutic results in order to improve cardiorespiratory recovery.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35900441


Blood pressure control measures and cardiovascular outcomes: a prospective hypertensive cohort.

We investigated whether blood pressure control strategies, visit-to-visit BP variability, and time in therapeutic range could be correlated with future cardiovascular outcomes in hypertensive patients. We prospectively evaluated the incidence of major cardiovascular events over six years in a population of 1,408 hypertensive patients without cardiovascular disease. The percentage of office systolic BP measurements within 120-140mmHg across visits was estimated by two indicators of on-treatment BP control, visit-to-visit BPV as the coefficient of variation of office systolic BP control, and TTR calculated as the percentage of office systolic BP measurements within 120-140mmHg across visits. The lower TTR quartile, along with the higher BP standardized-CV quartile, predicted the outcome by 2. 3 times, compared to the inverse TTR and BP-CV quartile pattern. In a cohort of treated hypertensive patients, high BP-CV or low TTR was correlated with future cardiovascular events. When these steps are considered in the same multivariable framework, the extent of TTR value seems to be larger than BP-CV as a determinant.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36123788


The predictive value of bioimpedance-derived fluid parameters for cardiovascular events in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Methods The Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Enrolled 227 patients who underwent HD were enrolled in this prospective research between December 2017 and August 2018. Methods Using Cox proportional hazards models, the relationship between fluid parameters and CVEs was investigated. To compare the predicted values of fluid parameters for CVEs, the following areas were used under the curve of receiver operating characteristic analysis and increase in the global chi-squared value. Based on AUC CVE results, the absolute hydration index was more reliable than the relative hydration index, according to AUC estimates for CVEs. In univariate and multivariate experiments, both absolute hydration index and relative hydration index were found to be accurate predictors of CVEs. In addition, the absolute hydration index had a higher additive predictive value than the relative hydration index in predicting CVEs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35856161


Cardiovascular risk management in patients with severe mental illness or taking antipsychotics: A qualitative study on barriers and facilitators among dutch general practitioners.

Patients with a severe mental disorder or receiving antipsychotic therapy have an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. Because of the shift of mental health from secondary to primary care and the surge in off-label AP prescriptions, cardiovascular risk management is increasingly dependent on general practitioners. Nevertheless, the uptake of patients with SMI/APs in CVRM services in Dutch primary care is low. Objectives: To determine whether barriers and facilitators GPs may have when including and treating patients with SMI or using APs in an existing CVRM scheme, a pilot study was conducted. A computer-generated list of eligible patients who did not have annual cardiovascular risk screening guided the interview during individual in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Patient CVR and ambivalence are two of the key barriers that were discovered, including underestimating patient CVR and ambivalence to implement risk-lowering tactics such as smoking cessation, uneven burden on GPs in impoverished areas, poor data exchange between GPs and psychiatrists, and anxiety about patient compliance were among the key challenges identified.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35796600


Resting heart rate predicts cardiac autonomic modulation during passive head-up tilt in subjects without cardiovascular diseases.

The level of HR influences HRV, but how much HRV gives more detail about cardiac autonomic tone than HR alone remains unsolved. During a passive head-up tilt, Hemodynamics of 569 subjects with known cardiovascular disease and medications with immediate cardiovascular effects were recorded using whole-body impedance cardiography, radial pulse wave analysis, and electrocardiography-based HRV analysis. The correlation of HRV with tilt-testing remained strong when HRV's HR dependence of HRV was minimally reduced by dividing the HRV power spectrum to the fourth power of the normal RR-interval. Lower resting HR is associated with lower resting HF/HF, while the HF/HF differences between the HR tertiles were minor during head-up tilt, suggesting a larger change in cardiac sympathovagal balance in response to upright posture in those with lower resting HR. During a head-up tilt, Altogether, resting HR, accurately forecasts HRV levels.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35652524


Central and brachial pulse pressure predicts cardiovascular and renal events in treated hypertensive patients.

Purposes Central blood pressure is a more reliable predictor of cardiovascular disease than brachial blood pressure, rather than brachial blood pressure. The reflection wave makes it to the abdominal aorta sooner than the ascending aorta. Central pulse pressure's contribution to renal activities may differ from that of cardiovascular events. In this cohort, left ventricular hypertrophy, an indicator of cardiovascular risk, was linked to improved cPP and reduced central systolic blood pressure. The contribution of brachial pulse pressure and cPP to cardiovascular and renal events was investigated. Cox regression found only sex as a significant predictor of cardiovascular events after adjusting for the history of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions The present findings support our previous findings that the absence of cardiovascular or renal diseases is a key determinant of event-free survival, and that cPP and bPP may be responsible for cardiovascular and renal events in overweight patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35438015


Association of education and feedback on hypertension management with risk for stroke and cardiovascular disease.

Improved hypertension control has been shown by education and feedback on hypertension management. Individuals 142–68 years of study in Vu00e4sterbotten or Su00f6dermanland County during the year 2001 to 2009 were included in 108 serial cohort studies, each with a 24 month follow-up. In Vu00e4sterbotten County, compared to Soutu00f6dermanland County, the most significant result was the risk of the first-ever stroke, compared to Su00f6dermanland County. Results In the intervention county, there were 121 365 individuals in the intervention county as compared to 131 924 people in the control county. In the intervention county, there were 2 823 people in the intervention county and 3 584 in the control county, who had a first-ever stroke. Conclusions This research does not support the conclusion that there is no correlation between education and feedback on hypertension management to primary care physicians and the risk of stroke or cardiovascular events.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35179089


Combined serum free light chain predicts prognosis in acute kidney injury following cardiovascular surgery.

In inflammatory environments, the aim is to develop polyclonal free light chains. This research was designed to determine whether polyclonal combined FLC was related to AKI patient prognosis. Results The median cFLC concentration in the sample was 42. 0, with elevated sensitivity C-reactive protein, and sequential organ failure assessment score. An cFLC level of 2. 2 mg/L was significantly related to an increased risk of death in comparison to a cFLC level of 43. 3 mg/L, according to a Cox regression review, the two groups differed significantly in relation to 90-day survival, with an increased risk of death relative to a 5. 0-fold elevated risk of death. Conclusions Serum cFLC levels were noticeably elevated and may have been a good predictor of mortality in patients with AKI following cardiovascular surgery.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35086423


A small-group activity to enhance learning of cardiovascular drugs for health science students.

This small group project uses two cases in cardiovascular pharmacology to encourage students in a medical or other health careers curriculum. Students were sent with the cases a week ahead of schedule and were encouraged to answer as many of the questions as possible and then discuss the answers with their classmates at the session. 201 students at UC San Diego participated in the small-group activity for the 2021 academic year. Students scored 84% on questions relating to the small group session compared to 78% on other cardiovascular pharmacology questions not related to the activity. The facilitators' experiences leading the small-group activity were extremely positive, according to student reports. We show that a small-group participation in clinical scenarios aids students in comprehending the pharmacology information related to cardiovascular drugs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36111706

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions