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Cardiovascular - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 22 January 2023

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Abdominal aortic calcification score can predict all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

However, few studies have attempted to identify the right AAC cutoff values for the prediction of mortality among HD patients. This retrospective cohort study included 408 hemodialysis patients. To find the cutoff AAC value for the prediction of mortality, we used receiver operating characteristic analysis. Patients with AAC scores greater than 4. 5 had significantly higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality rates than those with AAC scores lower than 4. 5. An AAC score above 4. 5 was a significant risk contributor to all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality in the multivariate regression studies. Compared to those with an AAC score of > 4. 5, HD patients with an AAC score > 4. 5 have significant elevated all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, particularly among those with an AAC score of u2264 4. 5. AAC was a more accurate predictor than cardiac valve calcification for mortality in HD patients than cardiac valve calcification.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36637006


Drivers of cardiovascular disease risk factors in slums in Kampala, Uganda: a qualitative study.

Background: Cardiovascular disease risk factors are on increasing in several sub-Saharan African countries and particularly impacting communities in urban slums. Despite this, the cultural factors that influence CVD risk in slum populations' poorest CVD risk have yet to be fully documented to inform strategies to prevent and control the disease. Objective in Kampala, Uganda, this research examined the causes of CVD risk factors in slums. Methods This qualitative research used focus group discussions to gather data among slum residents. Results Five themes were identified as the drivers of CVD risk factors in slum communities. Knowing of a balanced diet and the risks of smoking and alcohol intake are two of CVD risk factors, as well as information about CVD risk factors. Conclusion: To combat CVD risk in slums, broad-sectoral measures are required, including economic empowerment of the slum population, stress reduction, and coping techniques, as well as alcohol policy.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36607333


Mesoporous tantalum oxide nanomaterials induced cardiovascular endothelial cell apoptosis via mitochondrial-endoplasmic reticulum stress apoptotic pathway.

However, the molecular mechanism connecting PEG@mTa 2 O 5 and endothelium apoptosis remains unclear. Using flow cytometry and AO-EB staining, we found that PEG@mTa 2 O 5 promoted apoptosis in endothelial cells. PEG@mTa 2 O 5's systemic toxicity and blood compatibility profile, as well as minimizing adverse side effects, are both highly effective in subsequent therapeutic outcomes of NMs. Overall, our results showed that PEG@mTa 2 O 5 -induced endothelium apoptosis was partly triggered in part by the release of the endoplasmic reticulum stress-mitochondrial cascade.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36533874


Diastolic function and cardiovascular risk among patients with severe obesity referred to a lifestyle-program - a pilot study.

The primary aim of the investigation was to investigate the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction at baseline and changes in cardiac function from baseline to 6 months follow-up among people with severe obesity following a lifestyle intervention. From T1 to T2 and a 12 months follow-up, the secondary aim was to investigate changes in body mass index, physical fitness, and cardiovascular risk. Echocardiography was done at T1 and T2 and BMI, T2 and BMI, VO 2peak, and cardiovascular risk was measured at T1, T2 and T3. At T1, six of 52 patients had grade 1 DD, while five others had DD at T2, although five of the five subjects had DD at T2. At T2, an increase in BMI and improvement in VO2peak were assessed, and this improvement persisted at T3. The total cardiovascular risk score was not significantly different. DD was low among patients with severe obesity and insulin resistance.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36404730


A humanized anti-cocaine mAb antagonizes the cardiovascular effects of cocaine in rats.

In plasma, the recombinant monoclonal anti-cocaine antibody, h2E2, sequesters cocaine, increasing concentrations more than 10-fold. The increased amounts of cocaine in the plasma may have negative peripheral effects, particularly on the cardiovascular system. We investigated the onset and severity of cocaine's rat heart's vascular blockade, as well as the possibility that h2E2 might antagonize that result. Every 5 min, echocardiogram measurements were taken every 5 min, and blood pressure measurements were kept throughout the course of the experiment using 30-s cycles. Prescription with h2E2 1 h before the cocaine push had no effect on cardiac parameters. Subsequent cocaine treatment had no effect on the ejection fraction, suggesting that the antibody-bound cocaine does not have no effect on the heart. Cocaine in the presence of h2E2 is pharmaceutically inert, and h2E2 in the presence of h2E2 may have additional clinical value for reversing cocaine effects on the cardiovascular system.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36631960


Cardiovascular mortality in Northern and Southern European cohorts of the Seven Countries Study at 60-year follow-up.

Objects This study was designed to identify and quantify differences in major cardiovascular disease incidences during 60 years between the Seven Countries Study of Cardiovascular Diseases' Northern European and Southern European cohorts. The results and Cox models were determined separately based on 12 risk factors, including Coronary Heart Disease, STROKE, and other Heart Diseases of Uncertain Etiology deaths. Comparisons In 60 years, overall death rates in Northern and Southern Europe were 99. 8%, respectively, with the pooled CVD rates being 46. 9% and 42. 2% in Southern Europe. Conclusions The advantage for Southern Europe in terms of overall CVD death rates was small, but definitely higher in terms of overall CVD death rates, but also in terms of longevity in the three types of CVD mortality.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36583978


Cardiovascular Disease in Large Vessel Vasculitis: Risks, Controversies, and Management Strategies.

The two most common primary large vessel vasculitides in Takayasu are arteritis and giant cell arteritis. Although GCA mostly affects elderly people of northern European ancestry, TAK preferentially targets young women of Asian origins.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36424028


Recommendations for the Use of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Decades Later, Any New Lessons Learned?

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are among the most commonly used pharmacologic drugs worldwide due to their therapeutic analgesic safety and relative tolerability. We aim to provide rheumatologists with a framework for NSAID use in the context of chronic pain management rheumatologic disease. The risk of adverse CV events among NSAIDs is variable across NSAIDs; naproxen and low-dose ibuprofen seem to have reduced CV risk among NSAIDs. A variation in CV risk can be due to many factors, including NSAID classification, COX-2 selectivity, treatment dose, and duration, as well as baseline patient risk. Summary: Many important questions regarding the safety of NSAIDs and whether the culmination of research may reveal whether specific patient subtypes or NSAID class may have a more positive reputation. TNSAIDs such as naproxen and low-dose ibuprofen may have a lower CV risk profile on the CV risk profile, while coxibs have a more positive GI risk profile.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36424024


Evidence for Biologic Drug Modifying Anti-Rheumatoid Drugs and Association with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Mitigation in Inflammatory Arthritis.

The development of an effective disease surveillance system and, in some cases, remission have changed treatment paradigms, with improved control of disease prevalence and, in some cases, remission. The majority of bDMARDs are likely to minimize cardiovascular risk, according to studies, although prospective interventional results are lacking.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36424023


Effects of C2 hemisection on respiratory and cardiovascular functions in rats.

Permanent neuromotor and autonomic deficits can be caused by high cervical spinal cord injuries. C2 hemisection was shown to have an effect on various parameters that were important during injury and 7 days post-injury in rats, according to the present research. Following C2 hemisection, diaphragm function, and systolic function are impacted up to 7 days post-injury, according to these studies, respiratory and cardiovascular systems are particularly affected by the remaining sympathetic inputs after the initial injury. A more complete understanding of the physiology of high cervical spinal cord injury treated a longer time period post-injury could help with understanding evaluations of putative therapeutics in order to improve cardiorespiratory recovery.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35900441

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions