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Cardiovascular - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 22 January 2023

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Effect of Triglyceride-Glucose Indices and Circulating PCSK9-Associated Cardiovascular Risk in STEMI Patients with Primary Percutaneous Coronary Artery Disease: A Prospective Cohort Study

In the subgroup of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who have type 2 diabetes mellitus, the incidence of all-cause mortality was higher in those with TyG u2265median and PCSK9 u2265median. Conclusion: The Kaplan-Meier curve showed that patients with the highest PCSK9 values were more likely to all-cause mortality and cardiac-cause mortality in T2DM patients with a TyG9 index higher than the median, although not when the patient's levels are lower than the median. Key words: triglyceride glucose index, proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9, mortality, type 2 diabetes, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, and primary percutaneous coronary intervention Key words: This suggests a potential benefit of lowering circulating PCSK9 levels in STEMI patients with insulin resistance.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/b6a5aaf11eb74a6c91a723db4b781070


Admissions Due to Perinatal Respiratory and Cardiovascular Disorders in England

Results: During the study period, an increase of 15. 6% was recorded in hospital admissions rates between 2012 and 2020; p 0. 05]. The study's findings indicate that the most common causes of hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular disorders among females were intrauterine hypoxia, neonatal respiratory distress, and other perinatal respiratory disorders, which were especially apparent during the perinatal period. Admission, cardiovascular diseases, perinatal, respiratory, respiratory disorders, and respiratory disorders were among the key words used to analyze risk factors of hospital admissions for respiratory and cardiovascular disorders during the perinatal period.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/5d04bfaea7f94763ade47807152b36c5


Assessment of serum levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP 1) in patients with periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

The aim of the study: To determine the serum MCP-1 level in patients with periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in comparison to healthy controls, as well as analyzing the biomarker's correlations with periodontal characteristics. 5ml of venous blood was taken from each participant MCP-1 level in the blood and later measured by enzyme-linked-immunosorbent assay, following clinical evaluation. PLI and BOP were higher in periodontitis group and athero+periodontitis group than in athero group and control group, according to the study's findings, the mean PLI and BOP were higher in periodontitis group and athero+periodontitis group were higher in periodontitis group and athero+periodontitis group than in the athero group and control group, although atheo group and control group's PPI and BOP were higher in the PLI and BOP were higher in the athetho and athero-periodontitis group and athero group and athero group and athero group and athero group and athetis group and BOP were higher in athetis group and athetis group and athero group and athetis group and athe athetis group and athe tis group and athetis group and athero group and athe athero group and athe MCP-1 serum level was higher in an athero-periodontitis group than in athero, periodontitis, and control groups. PPD and CAL had a positive correlation with PPD and CAL in athero-periodontitis, and there was a positive correlation with CAL in athero-periodontitis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.26477/jbcd.v34i4.3272


Characteristics of hypertension in the last 16 years in high prevalence region of China and the attribute ratios for cardiovascular mortality

Abstract Background Tianjin is one of China's top hypertension cities and one of the first regions to implement community-based hypertension management. Methods We compared the epidemiological features of hypertension in 2002 to 2018 by analyzing results from the National Nutrition and Chronic Disease Risk Factor Survey. We obtained the cause-specific mortality in the same year from the Tianjin All Cause of Death Registration System, as well as the population attributable fraction, which was used to calculate the annual cardiovascular disease deaths caused by hypertension. Despite a significant rise in treatment and monitoring rates for hypertension in 2018, the number of CVD deaths related to hypertension among younger and older people is still high, particularly among younger and older adults.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-14974-0


Relationship of sleep duration with incident cardiovascular outcomes: a prospective study of 33,883 adults in a general population

Abstract Background Studies on the effects of sleep duration on cardiovascular health have contradictory results. We want to investigate the connection between night sleep duration and incident cardiovascular disease in a general population by taking into account underlying chronic diseases. We investigated the connection between various sleep groups and sleep duration with incident CVD outcomes by gender and age, as well as various health conditions, with adjustments for potential confounders. Those over the age of 66, the J-shaped association between sleep and CVD risk in those u2265-50y, was only found in those with a persistent health condition. Longer sleep duration has been correlated with an elevated risk of CVD in people over the age of 2265 to 50y.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15042-x


Brain nuclear receptors and cardiovascular function

In this essay, we will expand on recent findings that have established the physiological significance of brain NRs in the context of cardiovascular function. These findings reveal correlations between cardiac regulation and brain signaling through NR signaling, which may lead to the development of novel diagnostic tools for the treatment of CVD pathological abnormalities.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13578-023-00962-3


Dynamic pressure–volume loop analysis by simultaneous real-time cardiovascular magnetic resonance and left heart catheterization

During a dynamic preload reduction, we've developed a tool to determine contractility and compliance from PV loops using simultaneous measurements of volume from real-time cardiovascular magnetic resonance and invasive LV pressures with CMR-specific signal conditioning. At 0. 55 T, we performed invasive LV and aortic pressures, electrocardiogram, and CMR gradient waveforms simultaneously with the acquisition of dynamic LV volume from long-time CMR at 0. 55 T. PV loops measurements in the CMR environment were compared to conductance PV loop catheter measurements in 5 animals. The agreement on contractility and compliance derived from conductance PV loop catheters and within the CMR environment was modest. Conclusions During a real-time CMR-guided preload reduction, dynamic PV loops can be used to collect quantitative measures of contractility and compliance, as well as providing more accurate volumetric measurements than conductance PV loop catheters.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12968-023-00913-4


Retinal nerve fiber layer thinning as a novel fingerprint for cardiovascular events: results from the prospective cohorts in UK and China

However, relevant longitudinal studies are lacking, as the relationship between retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and CVD events is unclear. The risk of incident CVD was significantly elevated in participants in the lowest thickness tertile, compared to participants in the highest tertile of RNFL thickness. The additive net reclassification increase was 21. 8 percent, with the addition of RNFL thickness over the Framingham risk score's 2. 0%. Of 29 patients with incident CVD, 7 were correctly classified to a higher risk category, 7 were properly reclassified to a lower risk group, and 21 high risk patients were not reclassified. Conclusions RNFL thinning was independently associated with increased incident cardiovascular risk and improved reclassification capability, showing that RNFL thickness was a potential retinal marker for CVD events of various ethnicities and health conditions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-023-02728-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions