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Although both daily and annual exposure to fine particulate matter have stringent requirements in the United States, mid-scale exposure at the monthly time interval remains unregulated, and the public health risks of mid-duration ambient air pollution exposure are uncertain. These represent a new public health challenge in minimizing the adverse effects of persistent ambient air pollution on community health. In 698 counties in the conterminous United States from 1999 to 2018, we conducted an ecological analysis to determine the links between monthly mean PM 2. 5 exposure with total, cardiovascular, and respiratory mortality rates stratified by age, sex, and race in 698 counties. These findings elucidate potential adverse effects of monthly PM 2. 5 on mortality and indicate the need for future health measures in this now unregulated period of ambient air pollution exposure.
To conduct a systematic review of the potential effects of passive heating techniques on cardiovascular autonomic regulation in healthy individuals. In each study, the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool was used to determine the likelihood of bias. In 14 studies, a decrease in cardiac vagal modulation was found in 14 studies, and two studies found both increased sympathetic modulation and vain withdrawal, with heart-body heating protocols. In most of the studies that used whole-body heating methods, a decrease of BRS was reported. However, heating effects on BRS remain uncertain due to methodological differences between baroreflex analysis and heating protocols. Healthy adults with whole-body heat stress may raise sympathetic and reduce vagal modulation to the heart. On the other hand, local-heating therapy and sauna bathing appear to increase cardiac vagal modulation, opposing sympathetic modulation.
We investigated various biomarkers of healthy volunteers at rest and during stress-inducing cognitive tasks, including the Stroop color word test and mental arithmetic examination. According to our findings, the most useful biomarkers of cognitive task stress are nonlinear phase coherence oscillations between the 0. 15 and 0. 40 Hz oscillations in the respiratory signal and heart rate variability, as well as integral value of the 0. 15-0. 40 Hz oscillations in frontal lobe EEG leads.
Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Circular RNAs have emerged as key players in cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment, according to recent studies. We outline the latest research findings into the regulatory functions of circRNAs in cardiovascular diseases in this report. We also discuss the potential and challenges of circRNA therapeutic interventions for cardiovascular disease therapy, with a particular focus on developing circRNA synthes and engineering delivery systems.
Background: The evolution of information and communication technologies as well as the increasing use of artificial intelligence are both successfully changing a variety of topics that are important to our daily lives. Smart wearables have been shown to be effective in detecting and reporting cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide, in this context. In this report, a systematic literature review of smart wearable applications for cardiovascular disease detection and prediction is presented. Finally, the review was completed, and the relevant data was included in the analysis as well as the relevant articles. In addition, the results show the high effectiveness of such wearable devices, and the results are discussed to determine the design and use of smart wearable devices for cardiovascular disease prevention. Although the results show that smart wearables are very effective in detecting, forecasting, and even treating cardiovascular disease, more research is required to improve their use.
According to data published by the American Heart Association in 2002, the first year available, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in both males and females in the United States, with over 434,000 males and 494,000 females dying each year from cardiovascular-related diseases. This is 36. 6% of all deaths in males and 39. 8% in females and 39. 8 in females, as well as billions of dollars in health care spending.
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