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Cardiopulmonary Arrest - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Factors Influencing Pre-Cardiopulmonary Arrest Signs among Post-General Surgery Patients in Critical Care Service System

Pre-cardiopulmonary arrest signs can be due to a medical condition that causes cardiovascular and respiratory system disruptions in the body, and may cause pre-cardiopulmonary arrest signs. The aim of this report was to determine the incidence of an event that resulted in pre-cardiopulmonary arrest signs within the first 24 hours, as well as analyze the health care system in the critical post-general surgery patients in the intensive care unit. The patient factors involved with high pre-CA arrest sign scores in critical post-general surgery patients were the age 18 to 39 years, with an operation status as emergency surgery, elective surgery compared to urgent surgery, and the relationship of operation status and age in critical post-surgical patients. Critical care service delivery should be delegated to nurses with nurse allocation and critical care nursing education to enhance quality of care for critical post-general surgery patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010876


Life‐saving case of cardiopulmonary arrest by secondary aortoenteric fistula formed in the anastomotic site between the inferior mesenteric artery and aortic graft

Secondary aortoenteric fistula is a fatal source of gastrointestinal bleeding after aortic reconstructive surgery with a prosthesis. We herein discuss a rare occurrence in which the fistula developed between the inferior mesenteric artery reimplantation and the jejunum. Case Report An 82-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to hypovolemic shock and hypochonomia, causing serious hypothermia. The inferior mesenteric artery and aortic graft were in touch with the jejunum, which caused anastomosis. Conclusion The anastomosis of the inferior mesenteric artery and aortic graft in the previous aortic reconstruction could lead to secondary aortoenteric fistula.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/ams2.744


Sonoclot’s usefulness in prediction of cardiopulmonary arrest prognosis: A proof of concept study

The aim of the present research was to determine the suitability of measuring whole blood coagulation with Sonoclot in patients with out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. The ROC curve of CR was wider than that of FDP and D-dimer levels, according to the ROC curve. The AUC of CR in patients with cardiogenic cardiac arrest was higher than those of other coagulation factors. In conclusion, viscoelastic blood coagulation tests using Sonoclot may be useful in predicting ROSC in OHCA patients.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1515/med-2022-0447


Cardiopulmonary Arrest Caused by Large Substernal Goiter—Treatment with Combined Cervical Approach and Median Mini-Sternotomy: Report of a Case

Introduction: A subcutaneous goiter is often described as a goiter that extends below the thoracic inlet or a goiter with more than half of its mass lying below the thoracic inlet. Report on Case: A rare case of a 75-year-old woman suffering from acute respiratory arrest as a result of tracheal compression by a subpoena subluxation goiter is presented here. The diagnosis of submoonopathy is largely based on computed tomography imaging, which will reveal the location of the goiter and its extension in the thoracic cavity. The extent of the tracheal bifurcation on CT imaging is the most significant determining whether a thoracic approach should be used. Conclusion: Cardiac arrest as the first sign of a substernal goiter is a rare disease and should be treated by emergency thyroidectomy by a cervical or thoracic approach, depending on the CT imaging findings.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina57040303


Association of Opioids and Sedatives with Increased Risk of In-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest from an Administrative Database.

BACKGROUND: Although opioid use is a known risk of respiratory depression, chronic lung disease, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation has yet to be investigated. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence, results, and risk profile of in-hospital CPRA for patients receiving opioids and medications with central nervous system sedating side effects. RESULTS: Of 21,276,691 inpatient admissions, 53% were prescribed opioids with or without sedatives, and 53% were HIV-positive. Patients receiving opioids and sedatives had an adjusted odds ratio for CPRA of 3. 47 compared to patients not receiving opioids or sedatives. Intensive care, general care floor, and stepdown units were among the CPRA's locations in opioid patients, as well as stepdown units. Patients with CPRA had their hospital lengths of stay of 7. 57 days, meaning higher hospital costs of $27,569. CPRA in-hospital are independent and additive risk factors for opioid use in-hospital CPRA.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150214


Visual assessment of interactions among resuscitation activity factors in out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest using a machine learning model.

Aim The review of the effects of resuscitation activity factors on the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest requires consideration of the interactions between these factors. This report investigated the prognostic effects of simultaneously changing two prehospital variables using a certified machine learning framework in order to raise OHCA's success rates. Methods We've got 8274 OHCA patients resuscitated by emergency medical services in Nara prefecture, Japan, with a joint effort strategy from January 2010 to December 2018; patients younger than 18 and those with noncardiogenic cardiopulmonary arrest were excluded; patients with noncardiogenic cardiopulmonary arrest were excluded; patients with a unified activity protocol were excluded; patients with noncardiogenic cardiopulmonary arrest were excluded; patients with diabetes memortonious syndrome were excluded; patients under a Next, a three-layer neural network model was developed to predict the cerebral performance category score of 1 or 2 at one month based on 24 characteristics of prehospital EMS work. Results The average class sensitivity of the prognostic model was more than 0. 86, with a complete area under the receiver operating characteristics curve of 0. 94.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273787


Emergency medical service interpretation of Physician Orders for Life‐Sustaining Treatment (POLST) in cardiopulmonary arrest

Abstract Summary of Physician Orders for Life u2010Sustaining Treatment protocols exist in all 50 states, with some recognizable names. This report evaluates emergency medical service practitioners' interpretation of the POLST in cardiopulmonary arrest. Methods This study used a prospective convenience sample of California Bay Area EMS physicians who investigated six fictional scenarios of patients in cardiac arrest and accompanying California POLST forms. Only 51% of EMS practitioners correctly identified the patient as DNR/DNAR, according to several scenarios of cardiopulmonary arrest and POLST that indicated do not resuscitate and complete therapy. POLST's statistics showed that the patient was not resuscitated/do not attempt resuscitation and complete therapy. In situations where patients were DNR/DNAR but not indicated specific care or comfort u2010focused therapy, EMS professionals were more likely to interpret the POLST correctly, in situations where patients were DNR/DNAR but not indicate specific treatment or comfortu2010focused therapy. To improve POLST development, the authors' POLST research, concise language that defines resuscitation, and more EMS education about clinical use are all needed to enhance the POLST's efficiency.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1002/emp2.12705


Comparison of Pentax-AWS Airwayscope and Glidescope for Infant Tracheal Intubation by Anesthesiologists during Cardiopulmonary Arrest Simulation: A Randomized Crossover Trial

During chest compressions on an infant manikin, we compared the Pentax-AWS Airwayscope to the Glidescope. Using the AWS and GS, twenty-four anesthesiologists with more than two years of experience performed tracheal intubation on an infant manikin, with or without chest compressions. Difficulty of operation on a visual analog scale for laryngoscopy did not rise with chest compressions with either the GS or the AWS, but not with the AWS.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/190163


Successful treatment of out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest due to streptococcal toxic shock syndrome – effectiveness of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and the rapid antigen group A streptococcus test: a case report

Background: Streptococyopyogenes, a member of A streptococcus, is a rare condition that rapidly progresses to multiple organ failure, shock, and death. Case presentation A 70-year-old Asian man was born with ventricular fibrillation. A physical examination revealed a large absces in his right gluteal area, and computed tomography revealed a substantial low-density area in the right gluteus maximus. Positive results from a rapid antigen group A streptococcus test A rapid antigen group A streptococcus test revealed positive results, but it necessitated therapy with benzylpenicillin and clindamycin. Conclusions Our case study is the first to demonstrate the success of cardiac arrest caused by streptococcal toxic shock syndrome caused by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and prompt initiation of antibiotic therapy. The rapid antigen group A streptococcus test may be a quick and inexpensive way to diagnose streptococcal toxic shock syndrome related to group A streptococcus infection.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1780-2


Nursing knowledge of and attitude in cardiopulmonary arrest: cross-sectional survey analysis

Background Nurses are often the first to start the chain of recovery after a cardiorespiratory arrest occurs. To determine the relationship between two scale variables, a descriptive analysis was carried out to identify socioeconomic variables and Spearman's correlation coefficient to determine the relationship between two scale variables. Pearson's chi-squared questionnaire has been used to investigate the relationship between two categorical variables. The Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses in the Case of a Cardiorespiratory Arrest questionnaire was divided into three sections: sociodemographic data, theoretical and practical knowledge, and attitudes toward ethical questions. The alpha for the internal consistency of the attitudes questionnaire was 0. 621, according to Cronbachu2019s alpha. Nursing mothers' concerns were directly affected by the knowledge that nurses self-reported regarding cardiopulmonary arrest directly. Conclusions The CAEPCR questionnaire is the first one that successfully connected heartbeat resuscitation knowledge to ethical dilemmas. The first one that successfully linked heartbeat recognition to political activism is the first one to be able to articulate ethical concerns. The CAEPCR questionnaire was the first one to promote ethical issues. The first one to health care reform should emphasize that CPR preparation is embedded in nursing and all healthcare workers, and it should include ethical aspects.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.6410

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions