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Cardiomyocytes Apoptosis - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 12 January 2023

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MicroRNA‑194‑5p attenuates hypoxia/reoxygenation‑induced apoptosis in H9C2 cardiomyocytes by inhibiting the over‑activation of RAC1 protein.

Following hypoxia and reoxygenation, an in vitro model of H9C2 cardiomyocytes was used in this study to induce the overexpression of RAC1 in the current study. Overexpression of RAC1 in H/R'u2011 cultured cardiomyocytes may lead to cellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species and help with the induction of apoptosis of H9C2 cardiomyocytes during H/R. MiRu2011194–u20115p attenuated the accumulation of cellular ROS and reduced the expression of the RAC1 protein in H9C2 cardiomyocytes causing by H/R, as shown by the decrease in the RNA1 protein's levels.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36562344


Brain Natriuretic Peptide Protects Cardiomyocytes from Apoptosis and Stimulates Their Cell Cycle Re-Entry in Mouse Infarcted Hearts.

After infarction, a brain nephrotic Peptide supplementation improves heart function and reduces heart remodeling. In vitro BNP-treated adult CMs and in CMs isolated from BNP-treated hearts, the signaling pathway activated by BNP therapy was found in both in vitro BNP-treated adult CMs and in CMs isolated from BNP-treated hearts. According to Troponin T plasma concentrations, it was significantly reduced 1 and 3 days after infarction in BNP-treated mice, which resulted in less CM death. CMs isolated from saline-treated hearts have higher amounts of mRNAs coded for hif1 alpha and for the different cyclins. Adult CMs in vivo's effect is mediated by NPR-A binding and activation of the ERK MAP kinase pathway. Although BNP therapy has resulted in an elevated number of CMs in neonatal, adult unmanipulated, and infarcted hearts, according to our findings, BNP and all therapies aimed to raise BNP's bioavailability as new cardioprotective goals.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36611800


Xinyang Tablet attenuates chronic hypoxia-induced right ventricular remodeling via inhibiting cardiomyocytes apoptosis.

Hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension is one of the deadly pathologies found under hypobaric hypoxia, contributing to right ventricular remodeling and RV failure. The risk of RV failure owing to HPH is high, and there are no appropriate medications. A classic Chinese medicine, Xinyang Tablet, a common Chinese medicine, has demonstrated significant success in the treatment of congestive heart failure and cardiac dysfunction. However, the effects of XYT on chronic hypoxia-induced RV failure are not clear. XyT shielded H9c2 cells from Cobalt chloride-induced apoptosis in a H9c2 hypoxia model in a H9c2 hypoxia model. We also found that XYT could antagonize CoCl-2-induced apoptosis by upregulating Bcl-2, banning Bax and caspase-3 expression, and inhibiting Cayt and caspase-3 expression. Conclusions We concluded that XYT improved hypoxia-induced RV remodeling and protection against cardiac injury by inhibiting the apoptosis pathway in vivo and vitro models, which may be a promising therapeutic tactic for clinical management of hypoxia-induced cardiac injury.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36471367


Effects of Borneol on Apoptosis in Hypoxia/Reoxygenation H9C2 Rat Cardiomyocytes

This research investigated the protective effects of borneol on H9C2 cardiomyocytes during hypoxia/reoxygenation injury and its investigating molecular mechanisms. The MIRI model was created by hypoxia for 5h and reoxygenation for 24 hours, according to the cultured H9C2 rat cardiomyocytes. The cells or culture medium were collected for testing by Borneol administration groups for 12h prior to hypoxia/reoxygenation, and 24h after reoxygenation, the cells or culture medium were collected for testing.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR573598


SRPX2 attenuated oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion-induced injury in cardiomyocytes via alleviating endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis through targeting PI3K/Akt/mTOR axis.

By the use of the myocardial ischemia/reperfusion model, it was still desperately needed to find new and effective drugs for MI therapy. Sushi repeats contain the protein X-Linked 2, which controls a variety of critical cell functions. In this research, we investigated the role of SRPX2 in myocardial I/R. Low expression in IR rats and H9C2 cells induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion was seen by oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion. SRPX2 may have an effect on OGD/R-induced H9C2 cell survival, according to the manufacturer. In addition, SRPX2 inhibited the apoptosis of OGD/R-induced H9C2 cells. In addition, we found that SRPX2 could reduce ER stress induced by OGD/R in H9C2 cells.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36448058


MicroRNA-582-5p targeting Creb1 modulates apoptosis in cardiomyocytes hypoxia/reperfusion-induced injury.

Background Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion disease, a result of reperfusion therapy of myocardial ischemic disorders, is a significant disease that threatens human health and lives. However, miRNAs' biological role and molecular mechanism in MIRI are not entirely clear. Methods We used bioinformatics to uncover the significantly different miRNA by analyzing transcriptome sequencing data from myocardial tissue in the mouse MIRI mouse model. In MIRI mice and hypoxia/reperfusion -induced HL-1 cells, elevated levels of miR-582-5p were detected. MiR-582-5p promoted apoptosis of H/R-induced HL-1 cells by downregulating cAMP-response element-binding protein 1 in experimental experiments, according to a pilot study by an acronym. After Creb1 interference, miR-582-5p inhibitor's H/R-induced apoptosis was partially reversed. Conclusions 3. 4 Inhibiting Creb1 is a conclusion drawn by the study's findings. Together, the results showed that miR-582-5p upregulation enhanced H/R-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis by inhibiting Creb1. MiR-582-5p and Creb1 specific diagnostic and therapeutic interventions may be helpful in the MIRI treatment.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36301033


Rab10 protects against DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by alleviating the oxidative stress and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes.

Doxorubicin, a commonly used anticancer drug, is a common anticancer drug, but cardiotoxicity limits its use in clinical trials. Cardiac-specific Rab10 transgenic mice were designed and treated with DOX or saline, and were maintained and treated with DOX or saline. In mouse heart tissues treated with DOX, cardiac-specific overexpression of Rab10 ameliorated cardiac dysfunction and attenuated cytoplasmic vacuolization and mitochondrial damage. Rab10 reduced doX-induced apoptosis and oxidative stress in mouse heart tissue by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis, according to a mouse heart tissue analysis. After DOX therapy, Mst1, a serine-threonine kinase, was cleaved and transplanted into the nucleus in H9c2 cells, and Mst1, a serine-threonine kinase, was cleaved and transplanted into the nucleus, and mitochondrial cell death, and Mst1 knockdown reduced DOX-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis In vivo and in vitro, DOX treatment inhibited the cleavage of Mst1 that was mediated by Rab10 overexpression. Our results showed that cardiac-specific overexpression of Rab10 may have reduced DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction and injury by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, which may be partially attributed to Mst1's inhibition.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36309171


HRas and Myc synergistically induce cell cycle progression and apoptosis of murine cardiomyocytes.

In vivo, we investigated whether Myc and HRas could also work together to promote proliferation in adult mammalian cardiomyocytes. However, the ectopic expression of HRas G 12 V and Myc in addition caused cardiomyocyte death, which Myc and Cyclin T1 expression did not.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/36337898

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions