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Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a heart disease that is characterized by increased muscle mass thickness. Thickening takes place in the interventricular septum, which is the muscular wall that divides the lower left chamber of the heart from the lower right chamber of the heart. Other people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may experience chest pains; shortness of breath; and fainting can occur as a result of physical exertion; a feeling of fluttering or pounding in the chest; lightheadedness; and fainting. Although most people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are symptom-free or have limited signs, this disorder can have serious repercussions. Even if they have no other signs of the disorder, people with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy have an elevated risk of sudden death. A small number of people affected by heart disease, which may require heart transplantation.
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