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Cardiac Arrest cause - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 12 October 2021

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Supraventricular Tachycardia Without Preexcitation as a Cause of Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Pediatric Patients.

Supraventricular tachycardia without the existence of ventricular preexcitation in pediatric patients with a structurally typical heart is typically thought about benign. Previous literary works in adults reported a part of patients in whom SVT was believed to be the main trigger of abrupt heart attack. We carried out a single-center, retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients without well-known heart problem, 1-21 years old, offering with aborted SCA in between 2009 and 2019. Of the 7 patients with unidentified medical diagnosis after first analysis studies, three patients ultimately established rapid SVT that was presumed to be the etiology of the preliminary SCA. These 3 patients had varying medical diagnoses of atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, ectopic atrial tachycardia, and a hidden accessory path with atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia. Pediatric patients presenting with an aborted SCA of unknown etiology should be considered for electrophysiology testing to evoke occult SVT substratums that may lead to a deadly ventricular tachyarrhythmia.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34510237


Hypoglycemia as a cause of sudden cardiac arrest during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia: a case report and review of the literature.

History Sudden cardiac arrest during spinal anesthetic is an uncommon event. Hypoglycemia as the reason for abrupt heart attack is rarely reported. This case shows lifesaving procedures for unexpected heart attack secondary to hypoglycemia during cesarean shipment under spine anesthetic. We report a case, from country Ethiopia of sudden cardiac arrest additional to hypoglycemia throughout cesarean delivery under back anesthesia. Verdict Hypoglycemia throughout cesarean shipment under back anesthetic can cause abrupt heart attack. Determining serum blood glucose degrees at admission to the labor ward and keeping an eye on blood sugar levels during back anesthetic should be routine methods.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34321075


Cardiac Arrest in Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: A Potential Cause of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy.

Background Mechanisms associated with the causation of sudden unexpected fatality in epilepsy are not well understood. Ictal asystole has been identified as a source of SUDEP in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Herein, we report an individual that created heart attack throughout the ictal period of frontal wattle epilepsy. Case report A 35-year-old male provided with a history of progressive nighttime rigidity in the left lower extremity since 6 years and that of paroxysmal episodes of modified consciousness. Conclusion Frontal lobe epilepsy may be a possible reason for SUDEP.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34169879


Reversible Cause of Cardiac Arrest and Secondary Prevention Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease: Value of Complete Revascularization and LGE-CMR.

History In survivors of abrupt cardiac arrest with obstructive coronary artery illness, it remains challenging to distinguish anemia as a reversible cause from irreparable scar-related ventricular arrhythmias. We intended to review the value of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation in sudden cardiac arrest survivors with presumably relatively easy to fix anemia and total revascularization. Methods and Results This multicenter retrospective associate research study included 276 patients getting ICD implantation for secondary avoidance. A subgroup of 166 patients undertook cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement prior to implantation. Patients were split in 2 groups, ICD-per-guideline, including 228 patients with incomplete revascularization or left ventricular ejection portion ≤ 35%, and ICD-off-label, consisting of 48 patients with full revascularization and left ventricular ejection portion > 35%. Final thoughts This research study demonstrates that abrupt cardiac arrest survivors with coronary artery condition stay at high risk of reoccurring ventricular arrhythmia, even after full revascularization and with preserved left ventricular function.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/33821672


Association Between Prehospital Airway Management Methods and Neurologic Outcome in Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) with Respiratory Cause.

Advanced air passage positioning is an essential prehospital intervention for oxygenation and ventilation in respiratory cardiac arrest. We assessed the association between of sophisticated air passage approach and neurologic outcome in arrest with respiratory cause. Method: Adult saw non-traumatic OHCAs dealt with by emergency medical provider in 2013-2017 were enlisted in a nationwide OHCA data source. The organization between respiratory tract administration techniques and result were assessed according to the assumed reason for cardiac arrest. There were no statistically considerable differences in the result of the sophisticated respiratory tract type on great neurologic healing in the complete population. Nonetheless, ETI was associated with far better neurologic recuperation than SGA or BVM in OHCA in heart attack with presumed respiratory cause. Final Thought: Prehospital ETI was connected with excellent neurologic result when the reason for arrest was respiratory. ETI might be considered initially when a respiratory cause is suspected on the scene.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR306174


Timing and Cause of Death in Children Following Return of Circulation After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study.

Goals To establish timing and cause of fatality in kids confessed to the PICU following return of circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Setting Single-center observational friend study at the PICU of a tertiary-care healthcare facility between 2012 and 2017. Patients Children more youthful than 18 years of ages with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and return of blood circulation confessed to the PICU. One hundred thirteen children with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were admitted to the PICU following return of blood circulation. In these 113 youngsters, there was 44% survival to medical facility discharge and 56% nonsurvival to health center discharge. Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation event and postreturn of blood circulation features did not substantially differ in between the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments because of inadequate neurologic diagnosis and brain fatality patients. Final thoughts More than fifty percent of youngsters that accomplish return of blood circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest passed away after PICU admission.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/33027241


NSE as a predictor of death or poor neurological outcome after non-shockable cardiac arrest due to any cause: Ancillary study of HYPERION trial data.

Purpose Prognostication of hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury after resuscitation from cardiac arrest is based on a multimodal technique including biomarker assays. Our goal was to evaluate whether plasma NSE helps to forecast day-90 fatality or bad neurological outcome in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest in non-shockable rhythm. Approaches All included patients joined the randomised multicentre HYPERION trial. Primary outcome was neurological standing at day 90 examined by Cerebral Performance Category. In patients with inadequate versus excellent results, typical NSE worths at 24, 48, and 72 h were 22. 6 [95%CI, 14. 6; 27. 3] ng/mL versus 33. 6 [20. 5; 90. 0] ng/mL, 18. 1 [11. 7; 29. 7] ng/mL versus 76. 8 [21. 5; 206. 6] ng/mL, and 9 [6. 1; 18. 6] ng/mL versus 80. 5 [22. 9; 236. 1] ng/mL, respectively. Conclusions Data from a multicentre trial on cardiac arrest with a non-shockable rhythm as a result of any cause confirm that NSE values at 72 h are associated with 90-day outcome.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/33301887


The cardiac arrest centre for the treatment of sudden cardiac arrest due to presumed cardiac cause: aims, function, and structure: position paper of the ACVC association of the ESC, EAPCI, EHRA, ERC, EUSEM, and ESICM.

Around 10% of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survive to health center discharge. The minimal demands of therapy methods for the CAC are 24/7 accessibility of an on-site coronary angiography laboratory, an emergency situation division, a critical care unit, imaging facilities, such as echocardiography, computed tomography, and magnetic vibration imaging, and a procedure laying out transfer of picked patients to CACs with additional sources. It represents a consensus among the major European clinical organizations and cultures involved in the treatment of OHCA patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/33620452


The cardiac arrest centre for the treatment of sudden cardiac arrest due to presumed cardiac cause - aims, function and structure: Position paper of the Association for Acute CardioVascular Care of the European Society of Cardiology (AVCV), European Association of Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (EAPCI), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), European Resuscitation Council (ERC), European Society for Emergency Medicine (EUSEM) and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM).

Approximately 10% of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital heart attack endure to medical facility discharge. The minimum needs of therapy techniques for the heart attack centre are 24/7 schedule of an on-site coronary angiography lab, an emergency department, a critical care unit, imaging centers such as echocardiography, computed tomography and magnetic vibration imaging, and a procedure laying out transfer of chosen patients to heart attack centres with added sources. It stands for a consensus amongst the major European medical organizations and societies associated with the treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/33327761

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions