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Cardiac Arrest - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Shenfu Injection Protects Brain Injury in Rats with Cardiac Arrest through Nogo/NgR Pathway

The effect of Shenfu injection on brain injury following cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, as well as the underlying mechanism of axonal regeneration was investigated. To determine Nogo receptor expression in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, and immunohistochemistry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry, and Nogo receptor expression in the CA/CPR model were used. The ultrastructure of neuronal cells in Shenfu's group had relatively complete cell membranes and more vesicles than those in the model group. In Shenfu's group, lower messenger ribonucleic acid and protein expression was found lower than the model group and CWM group, according to the PCR and western blotting results. A decrease in Nogou2013NgR expression in Shenfu group and antagonist group was revealed by an immunohistochemical investigation, indicating a decrease in Nogou2013NgR expression.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/4588999


The effect of blood pressure on mortality following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a retrospective cohort study of the United Kingdom Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre database

Hypotension following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest can cause secondary brain injury and rise mortality rates, according to study. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of OHCA patients enrolled in the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre Case Mix Programme from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2019. In the first 24 h of ICU care and hospital mortality, we present the adjusted odds ratio for associations between the lowest and highest mean arterial pressure, systolic blood pressure, and mortality in the first 24 hours. The lowest correlated mortality was among patients with a higher recorded MAP in the range 95 to 104 mmHg. Following OHCA, we discovered an association between hypotension and hypertension in the first 24 h in ICU and mortality. Following OHCA, survivors will need to distinguish between the median blood pressure of survivors and non-survivors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-022-04289-2


Survival outcome among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract Background This research was designed to determine the survival rates among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in China with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The pooled ROSC rate was 9. 0%, with the pooled survival to admission rate at 5. 0%, and the pooled survival to discharge rate was 1. 8%. In addition, the ROSC rate of patients with bystander CPR was much higher than that of those without, and the pooled odds ratio was 7. 92. Participants who started CPR within 5 minutes were significantly higher than those who started CPR within 5 minutes, and the pooled OR was 5. 92 percent. The pooled OR was 8. 52 %, with a significantly higher incidence of participants defibrillation than those without defibrillation. Conclusion The survival rates of out-of-hospital CPR in China are much lower than the global average.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40001-022-00955-x


Ventilation during continuous compressions or at 30:2 compression-to-ventilation ratio results in similar arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in an experimental model of prolonged cardiac arrest

Abstract Background: Abstract Background: In refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, transportation to a hospital with continuous chest compressions from a chest compression device, and ventilation with 100% oxygen through an advanced airway is common practice. Methods We trialled 30 anaesthetized domestic swine with electrically generated ventricular fibrillation to the CCC or 30:2 group and bag-valve ventilation using a fraction of inspired oxygen of 100 percent. Chest compressions were performed with a Stryker Medical LUCASu00ae 2 pneumatic chest compression system. During the CPR, we collected arterial blood gas samples every 5 min, measured oxygen levels during the CPR, and reviewed post-mortem computed tomography scans for differences in lung aeration status during the CPR. Carbon dioxide was the average partial pressure of the 30:2 group and the CCC group at 68 mmHg.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40635-022-00485-0


Assessing the weak links – Necessity and impact of regional cardiac arrest awareness campaigns for laypersons

Introduction: The public is aware of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, as well as the establishment of basic life support is vital to increase survival in OHCA. Methods: The study examined laypersons passing an AED at a public train station, determining the readiness and readiness to administer BLS. Minimal BLS was defined as a call for assistance and the inception of chest compressions. At baseline, 8. 5% of the interviewees spontaneously reported calls for complete BLS and 17. 9% post-campaign, with a fictional OHCA. Conclusion: We found an increase in awareness of BLS activities in the lay community as a result of a regional cardiac arrest awareness campaign.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resplu.2022.100352


Post-Cardiac Arrest: Mechanisms, Management, and Future Perspectives

Cardiac arrest is a significant public health issue, with a survival rate ranging from 15 to 22 percent. To find new treatment strategies and get better results, it's important to know physiopathology in order to find new treatment techniques and achieve better results. Beyond developments in cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques, the dramatic rise in survival rates in recent decades has been attributed to new approaches to post-cardiac arrest care.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12010259


Does One Size Fit All? External Validation of the rCAST Score to Predict the Hospital Outcomes of Post-Cardiac Arrest Patients Receiving Targeted Temperature Management

The new post-Cardiac Arrest Syndrome for Therapeutic Hypothermia Score was developed to predict neurologic outcomes and mortality in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Between July 2015 and July 2021, all adult patients admitted to our medical intensive care unit for targeted temperature control between July 2015 and July 2021 were enrolled. TTM recipients of TTM were analyzed out of a total of 108 post-cardiac arrest syndrome patients. On day 28, the rCAST scoring demonstrated moderate accuracy in our OHCA patients with PCAS who received TTM to predict poor neurologic outcomes and mortality.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12010242


Effect of a Targeted Ambulance Treatment Quality Improvement Programme on Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Metropolitan Citywide Intervention Study

We wanted to investigate the effects of a citywide quality enhancement initiative on the provision of prehospital advanced life support by the emergency medical service system in this retrospective review. After the programme's launch, EMS-treated adult OHCA patients after the program's implementation were compared to historical controls in Suzhou. The outcomes were compared between two periods for total OHCA cases and a subset of cases treated by fixed or non-fixed ambulance crews in two times. Multivariable logistic regression analysis and propensity score matching were used to compare the results between two periods for total OHCA cases and a subgroup of patients treated by fixed or non-fixed ambulance crews. For both periods, the fixed ambulance crews did better than non-fixed groups in IV access and advanced airway management. The fixed ambulance crews achieved better in critical care delivery and prehospital outcomes, according to a study, but more protocol implementation and targeted education could help to resolve non-fixed crews' underperformance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm12010163


Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Patients with ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated during the COVID-19 pandemic may require prolonged time to recover. In this context, we wanted to investigate the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on patients with STEMI with OHCA, treating delay and medical outcomes. Overall, 5,501 patients with STEMI complicated by OHCA and treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation were enrolled. A total of 740 matched pairs of patients with STEMI and OHCA care before and during the COVID-19 pandemic were compared. However, patients treated as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak also suffered longer delays from first medical contact to angiography. Patients admitted to the hospital in the pandemic era have also progressed from pain onset to angiography. However, treatment in the COVID-19 outbreak was associated with a longer wait from first medical contact to reperfusion.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20010337

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions