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Cardiac Arrest - Astrophysics Data System

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Development of a machine-learning algorithm to predict in-hospital cardiac arrest for emergency department patients using a nationwide database

We wanted to create a machine-learning system based on prehospital records to predict in-hospital cardiac arrest in the emergency department of patients transferred via emergency medical services, according to this retrospective observational review. Both ED occupancy and in-hospital cardiac arrest were positively correlated, and the effect of ED occupancy in small hospitals was evidently higher. The machine-learning predictive model developed in the prehospital stage accurately predicted in-hospital cardiac arrest in the ED and assisted in the safe operation of emergency medical services in the ED.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1221797K/abstract


Association between insulin administration method and six-month neurological outcome in survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who underwent targeted temperature management

We investigated the relationship between insulin delivery method and the achievement of mean glucose u2264 180 mg/dL and neurological signs in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with hyperglycemia after return to spontaneous circulation after the restoration of spontaneous circulation. We retrieved the records of adult OHCA survivors who underwent targeted temperature control between 2015 and 2018. We used a multicenter prospective registry to gather the information of adult OHCA survivors who underwent targeted temperature control between 2015 and 2018. We separated insulin administration methods into three categories: subcutaneous, intravenous bolus, and continuous intravenous. Compared to the CII group, the SQI and IBI groups were not associated with mean glucose u2264 180 mg/dL, and the SQI and IBI groups were not associated with poor neurological results. The CII group had the lowest mean glucose reading in comparison to the SQI and IBI groups. The CII group had a lower SD of glucose than the IBI group.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1779776L/abstract


Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy after resuscitation from cardiac arrest in vasospastic angina: A retrospective study

Patients with vainospastic angina who have been resuscitated from sudden cardiac arrest are at a high risk of recurrent lethal arrhythmia and cardiovascular disease. The current research was designed to determine the prognostic effects of ICD therapy on patients with VSA and SCA. In the new multicenter registry, 280 patients were resuced from SCA and received an ICD for secondary prophylaxis. There was no significant difference between patients with and without VSA in the incidence of the key endpoint of the primary endpoint. Long-term clinical outcomes were not similar between those with VSA and those with other cardiac diseases after SCA, suggesting that ICD therapy can be considered in patients with VSA and those with other etiologies that were not resuscitated from SCA.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1777034T/abstract


The interaction effect of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and dispatcher CPR on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

After out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, this report sought to determine the effects of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and dispatcher-assisted CPR on outcomes. We conducted a prospective observational study using the Korean Cardiac Arrest Research Consortium's registry database and the names of adults under the age of > 20 years who practiced OHCA. All enrolled patients were rushed to the ambulance room and resuscitated by the emergency medical staff, and the emergency medical services were recalled. Patients in 6. 5%, 9. 9%, and 9. 6% of patients in the "no bystander" and "compression-only bystander" CPR groups, respectively, differed significantly. The relationship between DA-CPR and compression-only (which was a positive effect on good neurological outcomes and long-lived students after discharge with an odds ratio of 1. 93 to 1. 74, respectively, in a multivariable model. After OHCA, the relationship between compression-only CPR and DA-CPR is highly associated with improved neurological and survival outcomes.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022NatSR..1222450S/abstract


Post-intensive care syndrome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients: A prospective observational cohort study

Introduction After a hospital stay, patients in intensive care units are at risk of post-intensive care syndrome, which includes psychological, physical, and/or cognitive sequelae. Methods [IES-R] [IMPACT] [IES-R] – A physical impairment [EQ-5D-3L] b cognitive performance] a psychological burden Anxiety and Depression Scale [CPC] b physical injury EuroQol [EQ-5D-3L] b cognitive impairment [CPC] b biological health [CPC] a psychological burden We examined PICS risks in this prospective observation cohort study at 3 and a 12-month follow-up in the following a [C] b psychological distress ]. . [M] PICS included 37% in the physical domain, 25% in the cognitive domain, and 13% in the psychological domain. PICS, which was linked to prolonged duration of therapy, higher APACHE scores, and improved mRS and CPC scores at hospital discharge, was reported by 52 percent in 12 months, 57% patients. Conclusions Nearly half of long-term OHCA patients have PICS after 3 and 12 months.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1776011V/abstract


Bystander-witnessed cardiopulmonary resuscitation by nonfamily is associated with neurologically favorable survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Miyazaki City District

This report looked at the success of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator and 1-month survival after OHCA in Miyazaki prefecture and Miyazaki city district, as well as comparing them to eight prefectures in Japan's Kyushu region. Result Despite having the highest rate of bystander CPR in Miyazaki's city district, the 1-month survival rate of observed OHCA cases of cardiac diseases in the eight prefectures was comparable to that in the eight prefectures between 2015 and 2019. However, survival in Miyazaki prefecture were lower than those in other prefectures.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PLoSO..1776574T/abstract

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions