# Carbon Footprint - Springer Nature

##### Material Selection for Ornamental Products Based on Carbon Footprint and Embodied Water

Cast stone, bricks, aluminum, clay, and polypropylene is used in architectural ornaments, and this paper examines and compares the Life Cycle Assessment of ceramics, bricks, steel, clay, and polypropylene. Examples include statues, Georgian architectural window surrounds, and balustrading, etc. During the general manufacturing process, the selected materials were compared based on the overall carbon dioxide equivalent, water, and energy consumption. Concrete had the lowest contribution to the carbon dioxide equivalent, while cast stone had the lowest water consumption, with the lowest water consumption. Polypropylene had the most energy consumption. At the end of this paper, there were also suggestions to make cast stone greener.

##### Healthy Diet Lists Considering Carbon Footprint and Calories

People who want to maintain good health by taking nutrient-rich meals every day. Persons' calories need to be regulated by their personal characteristics, including gender, age, height, and levels of physical activity. We develop a mathematical model in this paper to produce optimized diet lists based on individual requirements. Integer systems are used to assist users in finding solutions and creating personalized diet lists. The proposed strategy, according to Experiments from this report, results show that the new strategy will result in healthy diet lists quickly.

##### Carbon Footprint of Pipe Production Using Waste Plastics

A key issue is finding applications to upgrade virgin plastic with recycled plastic without impacting functionality. The Carbon Footprint analysis is used in this study to quantitatively evaluate the three waste plastic pipes P_1, P_2, and P_3 production process. The total emission for P_1 pipe is 0. 32 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe, as well as P_3 pipe, is 0. 360 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe; P_2 pipe is 0. 360 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe; and P_3 pipe is 0. 360 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe; and P_3 pipe is 0. 39 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe, which is 0. 49 kgCO_2 per meter of pipe; According to the report, the use of recycled plastic in pipe manufacturing is both environmentally friendly and economically beneficial.

##### Carbon footprint-based optimization method for remanufacturing machining paths

Hence, this report recommends a novel carbon footprint-based optimization technique in the context of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. This method establishes a carbon emission measurement scheme for the production process that includes carbon emissions from energy consumption, material use, and waste based on the data obtained during the remanufacturing process. Finally, the case study of the CA6132 machine tool remanufacturing process shows that the intended procedure helps minimize costs, time loss, and quality while still lowering the company's carbon footprint while still lowering the company's carbon footprint.

##### Does carbon footprint reduction impair mechanical properties and service life of concrete?

The purpose of this survey is to determine how much the concrete mix changes, which allow carbon footprint reduction, are impacting mechanical properties and estimated service life of concrete structures. Concrete mix used in a new reinforced concrete Pelje0161ac Bridge in the Adriatic was the starting point of this report. Fly ash and limestone were mixed with a mixture of fly ash and limestone, or calcined clay and limestone in the second round. The calcined clays used in this research were collected locally and found to have a low kaolin content. In addition, chlorine migration was performed on each mix to determine the resistance of the mix to chloride penetration. The bridge mix was determined to be u2018overplanned,u2019, as all alternative mixes had a similar or higher sustainability index with a lower amount of cement.

##### A Feasibility Study to Minimize the Carbon Footprint of Cast Iron Production While Maintaining the Technical Requirements

Significant amounts of CO2 emissions are due to the industrial sector. This report, which is based in Herein, focuses on the CO_2 emissions related to cast iron production and provides an interdisciplinary framework in order to investigate the environmental impact, technological efficiency, and production costs. The theoretical and experimental reports show the interconnections between cast iron production's environmental, technological, and economic aspects. The findings show that the smelting process and renewable energies were key to lowering the carbon footprint. In terms of the input materials, the results show that increasing the steel scrap content leads to significant reductions in the CO_2 emissions. An alloy composition with a minimum carbon footprint of 650 kg CO_2 eq. /ton as a result of a minimum carbon footprint of 650 kg CO_2 eq. /ton. However, raising the steel scrap content has resulted in higher carbon footprints due to the additional materials required to maintain the alloy composition.

##### Energy-Carbon Footprint, Productivity and Profitability of Barley Cultivars under Contrasting Tillage-Residue Managements in Semi-Arid Plains of North-West India

Abstract: The use of energy and carbon-intensive inputs in agriculture is unsustainable because it contributes to climate change, adversely impacting crop yield and human life. In semi-arid plains of North-West India, a field experiment was conducted from 2016-17 to 2018-19 to determine the energy-carbon footprint, productivity, and profitability of five barley cultivars under two separate tillage-residue management techniques. Although cultivars' responses to the tillage-residue management strategy were not statistically relevant in terms of grain yield, they were not even relevant in terms of net returns. Therefore, the ZT+RR system, as opposed to those with the conventional-till + residue incorporation scheme, could result in increased sales with the BH-946 cultivars. With lower energy-carbon footprints, the ZT+RR system increased the energy and carbon use efficiencies of barley cultivation with lower energy-carbon footprints. Adoption of conservation agriculture-based tillage-residue management strategies could increase productivity and profitability of barley crop production with reduced energy-carbon footprints in India's semi-arid ecologies.