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Carbon Capture Technology - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 11 January 2023

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A Technology Development Matrix for Carbon Capture: Technology Status and R&D Gap Assessment

We have established a new technology assessment framework and are building a decision-making system to help determine the status of a CCUS technology under construction and identify potential gaps for further improvement, beginning with publicly available carbon capture technology data. TDM is a document management system and screening device. This TDM framework has been developed on anamine-based absorption post-combustion CO2 capture for pulverized coal power plant flue gas as the best available technology for comparison. Using publicly available data, this TDM framework has been demonstrated on amine-based absorption post-combustion CO2 capture, for pulverized coal power plant flue gas, as the best available technology for comparison.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.908658


Prospect of Post-Combustion Carbon Capture Technology and Its Impact on the Circular Economy

Global warming, which is a direct result of elevated CO 2 emissions into the atmosphere, is a significant problem that the world is battling, particularly in the 21st century, where the majority of energy generation mediums operate using fossil products. This review focused on a variety of items that could be useful for the capture of CO 2 in the post-combustion process. In addition, the effect of post-combustion CO 2 capture on the circular economy is also discussed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/en15228639


Overview of Carbon Capture Technology: Microalgal Biorefinery Concept and State-of-the-Art

Alternatively, bio-sequestration of CO2 using microalgal cell factories has emerged as a viable way of recovering CO2 from biomass by photosynthesis, which in turn may be used for the manufacture of biofuels and other value-added products. Recent technological evaluations and life-cycle evaluations of microalgae-based manufacturing systems have shown that the only viable option for scaling up production is to completely utilize the biomass in an integrated biorefinery system wherein every valuable component is extracted, processed, and valorized. This paper contains a brief yet comprehensive analysis of the latest carbon sequestration and utilization techniques, mainly focusing on biological CO2 capture by microalgae in the context of bio refinery. The paper explores a variety of microalgal biorefinery products and evaluates the risks, challenges, and current state-of-the-art of microalgae-based CO2 bioconversion, which are both critical to this approach's longevity and longevity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00029


In vivo genotoxicity of nitramines, transformation products of amine-based carbon capture technology

In times where we need to minimize our CO2 emissions to the atmosphere, it is important to get a better picture of the environmental risks associated with new mitigation techniques. Chemical absorption with amines is becoming the most sophisticated mitigation device for post-combustion capture of CO2 from fossil fuel power stations. Although whole organism bioassays revealed that nitramine toxicity by necrosis was low, the genotoxicity analysis revealed contradictory findings, with ethanolnitramine found to be more genotoxic than dimethylnitramine by three orders of magnitude. Fish exposed to >3 mg/L ethanolnitramine had virtually no DNA in their red blood cells, with no trace of them. The large difference in genotoxicity found between the two nitramine compounds shown the risk of inferring toxicity from chemically similar compounds for environmental risk assessment, as well as the benefits of compound specific evaluations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/conf.fgene.2015.01.00050

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions