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Carbon Capture - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 January 2023

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Advanced organic molecular sieve membranes for carbon capture: Current status, challenges and prospects

Carbon capture is vital in lowering anthropogenic carbon emissions and therefore combating global warming. Producing high-performance membrane materials is of utmost importance in order to produce economically viable membrane systems. Organic molecular sieve membrane membranes have garnered increasing research attention recently, not only for excellent processability like traditional polymer but also featuring high-density, well-defined micropores for molecular differentiation. The control policies and stability of micropore structures, as well as the processingability of OMSM components are summarized. In addition, we review the OMSMs' usages for the three carbon capture routes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advmem.2022.100028


Membrane materials targeting carbon capture and utilization

Because of the improved separation results in materials and process designs, membrane technology for CO2 capture has become more competitive compared to conventional techniques, according to new analysis. This paper mainly discusses membrane material progress and breakthroughs for the three gas separation methods related to the CO2 capture strategies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advmem.2022.100025


Assessment of CO2 enrichment mechanism in integrated coal gasification fuel cell combined cycle system with carbon capture

Solid Oxide Electrolytic Cell for CO2 capture is the present work's contribution to an innovative multi-physics coupled model of various configurations of an integrated coal gasification cell combined cycle system. The findings reveal that the proposed IGFC system with SOEC can save CO2 emissions by nearly 80% and is environmentally friendly. Both analyzed the CO2 enrichment phenomenon induced by SOFC and capture measures of CO2 by SOEC. The best conditions for both SOFC fuel electrode and total CO2 capture rate of the system, which were found to be 0. 75 with four times recirculations, were found to be the optimal conditions for both SOFC fuel electrode and SOEC air electrode with both SOFC fuel electrode and total CO2 capture rate.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.1017829


The Role of Carbon Capture and Storage in The Global Energy Portfolio

This report provides an insight into the promise of carbon capture and storage technologies in the niche of coal power generation plants, providing an insight. Based on the results' analysis, we find that renewable energy technologies must be developed and implemented as soon as possible; and until that time, CCS technology can provide a temporary solution by contributing to climate change mitigation efforts.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v2i1.1020


Research on Process of SCV Flue Gas Carbon Capture Based on LNG Cold Energy

An innovative SCV flue gas carbon capture system using LNG cold energy was developed to ensure low emissions operation of the LNG receiving terminal, which was also integrated with an ORC. To simulate the operation of the SCV flue gas capture device and the LNG regasification process, the HYSYS software was used to simulate the process. In addition, the sensitivity study of working fluids, CO 2 capture pressure, and CO 2 capture temperature was carried out.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/pr10122546


Review of Policy Framework for the Development of Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage in China

This paper examines the development status of CCUS in China and other countries, examines the legislative and policy framework, and the growth process of CCUS in China, and examines the deficiencies in pertinent policies and policies. The results reveal that China's new legislative and policy framework is not optimal for further extending CCUS development; specifically, there are no special laws and the policy framework is ineffective, and the reporting process is incomplete. This paper outlines alternative countermeasures to encourage CCUS growth in China, including the formulation of a special code, perfecting the CCUS regulatory framework, increasing government financial assistance, and increasing CCUS public knowledge and support.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192416853


Advances in Carbon Capture and Use (CCU) Technologies: A Comprehensive Review and CO 2 Mitigation Potential Analysis

Carbon dioxide pollution and its effects are one of society's biggest current challenges, according to many. New carbon dioxide capture methods have drew a lot of attention in this context. Each CO 2 capture method is described, as well as its advantages and drawbacks, which are discussed. Starting with the use of carbon dioxide in agriculture and progressing to the conversion of CO 2 into fuels, chemicals, polymers, and building supplies are discussed for the use of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide has been used in industrial processes for decades, including CO 2 –enhanced oil recovery, food industry, organic compound manufacture, water treatment, and, eventually, the manufacturing of flame retardants and coolants. Several new CO 2 exploitation methods have been introduced at different stages of development and exploitation, such as electrochemical conversion to fuels, CO 2 -enhanced oil recovery, and supercritical CO 2 -utilization.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/cleantechnol4040073


Review of Carbon Capture and Methane Production from Carbon Dioxide

Significant climate change has been caused by excessive greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere over the past few decades. Many ways to reduce carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere have been developed, with carbon capture and sequestration techniques being identified as promising. Flue gas emissions that produce CO2 are now being collected, sequestered, and used on a global basis. More research has been paid attention to flue gas emissions in the recent years than CO2 capture and storage. This research recommends a more cost-effective alternative to CCS and methane production with CO 2 as a feedstock, making CCS technology more available. Because of the numerous health benefits of methane, making it potentially useful for reducing emissions and promoting sustainability, it's a recommended activity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos13121958


Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

Carbon Capture and Storage, a key instrument for decarbonizing the air system and meeting the mid-century global climate change targets, is carbon capture and storage. Carbon dioxide is captured using dividu's smallest industrial processes that require membrane filtering or enhanced combustion. Each CCS project must have a dedicated MMV service to ensure compliance with the intended evolution of the CO2 plume and its confinement within the storage site.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1051/epjconf/202226800005


Cost projection of combined cycle power plants equipped with post-combustion carbon capture

This paper intends to investigate the cost estimation of natural gas combined cycles with post-combustion carbon capture technologies for two promising power plant configurations, namely: traditional NGCC and exhaust gas recirculation. As key indicators, a thermo-economic analysis was done considering the second-law effectiveness of the CO2 separation process and the CO2 avoided cost as key indicators. Compared to first-of-a-kind plants, NOAK plants could potentially lower the levelised cost of electricity by 10%-u201311% and the CAC by 21%u201323%. The best economic results among the study cases assessed, with a CAC equal to $ 102. 5/tCO2 in 85 percent capture, showed the highest economic results among the study cases assessed, with 85 percent capture rate showing the highest economic results among the study cases evaluated, with an EGR at 85% capture rate showing the highest economic results among the study cases examined. The CAC for the conventional NOAK NGCC plant is $ 104. 1/tCO2 at 85 percent capture rate; keeping this same CAC value, the carbon capture rate could rise from 85 percent to 90 percent if EGR configuration is implemented, with the carbon capture rate increasing from 85 percent to 90. 8%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fenrg.2022.987166

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions