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Carbohydrate Metabolism - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 02 October 2022

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Dietary sodium acetate (SA) improves the growth performance, intestinal health, and carbohydrate metabolism of juvenile common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

The respective diets were maintained for 8 weeks by triplicate repetitions of common carp per group. The intestinal intestine P. O. E. P906 and gult2 gene expression were significantly reduced thanks to carbohydrate metabolism and hepatopancreas glycogen content, as well as reduced blood glucose levels and hepatopancreas glycogen content, downregulated sglt1 and gult2 gene expression in the intestine, suggesting significant reductions in blood glucose levels and hepatopancreas glycogen content.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep.2022.101350


A Comprehensive Metagenomic Analysis Framework Revealing Microbiome Profile and Potential for Hydrocarbon Degradation and Carbohydrate Metabolism in a Himalayan Artificial Lake

This paper seeks to perform in-depth metagenomic profiling of an artificial lake ecosystem located in the Sikkim Himalayan region, deciphering the hydrocarbon degradation potential of this site and mining biocatalysts of industrial importance. The artificial lake metagenome was larger than those informally available saline and freshwater lakes. It was found to be closer to freshwater lake metagenome, as well as functional requirements, e. g. , Medonta Lake, US, and Antarctica's freshwater Vanda Lake. The artificial Himalayan lake's microbial community profiling and functional contribution would be helpful to mining genes that encode several industrially useful enzymes.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/su141811455


Effects of Digested Pig Slurry on Photosynthesis, Carbohydrate Metabolism and Yield of Tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.)

However, the effect of digested pig slurry on yield and quality of tomato soilless cultivation, as well as plant carbohydrate metabolism, remain unexplored. Although DP treatment greatly raised the fresh weight of single fruits by 18. 0% compared to MP therapy, it reduced the number of ripe fruits. In leaves, photosynthetic effectiveness and carbohydrate contents were generally higher than those in other treatments, as well as the production of sucrose phosphate synthase and AGPase in leaves. Fruit soluble sugar content in DP and DC treatments increased by 12. 3% and 37. 0%, respectively, relative to MP and MC treatments. Moreover, the new results showed that DP treatment greatly enhanced the fruit volume by 36. 3%, 31. 3%, and 42. 2%, respectively, as opposed to MP, DC, and MC therapies, and reduced AGPase by 24. 2%, 16. 0%, and 36. 4%, respectively, as opposed to MP, DC, and 36. 4%, respectively.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12092042


Multifaceted analyses reveal carbohydrate metabolism mainly affecting the quality of postharvest bamboo shoots

Bamboo shoot is one of China's most popular vegetables. However, fresh bamboo shoots' edible quality deteriorates quickly after harvest. In the postharvest bamboo shoots, rapid decreases of soluble sugars, structural polysaccharides, and hydrolyzed tannins, as well as rises of lignin and condensed tannins were discovered. In addition, the function of one hub glycosyltransferase gene was confirmed in Arabidopsis, which reported that it was involved in xylan biosynthesis. These findings are of utmost importance in determining the carbohydrate metabolism pathways of postharvest bamboo shoots and establishing a potential candidate gene for molecular breeding related to xylan.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.1021161


bHLH Transcription Factor NtMYC2a Regulates Carbohydrate Metabolism during the Pollen Development of Tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. TN90)

MYC2 controls plant growth and development in several aspects by the jasmonic acid signaling pathway, although MYC2's involvement in plant carbohydrate metabolism has not been reported. In NtMYC2a -RI plants, the process of pollen maturation was accelerated and was postponed, but the manipulation of NtMYC2a expression did not destroy the pollen fertility of the transgenic plants. Intriguingly, overexpression of NtMYC2a has also increased the soluble carbohydrate accumulation in tobacco ovaries.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11010017


Comparative Analysis of the Transcriptomes of Persisting and Abscised Fruitlets: Insights into Plant Hormone and Carbohydrate Metabolism Regulated Self-Thinning of Pecan Fruitlets during the Early Stage

Pecan is one of the world's most popular nut species. The pecan u2019Pawneeu2019 Fruit drop rate is more than 57%, with four fruit drop stages, which is very worrying. By RNA-seq, we conducted transcriptomic profiling of persisting and abscised fruitlets in early fruit growth in this research. Succrose, glucose, trehalose, starch, galactose, and galactinol metabolism were reduced as starch biosynthesis was blocked, and retrogradation and degradation intensified, according to transcripts coding for enzymes involved in sucrose, glucose, trehalose, starch, galactose, and galactinol metabolism. These results show that the abscised pecan fruitlets stopped growing and growing for a long time before halting, which is even more evidence that their sugar supply was reduced or stopped. In the physiological abscission of pecan fruits, the transcriptome analysis described in this paper contributes to the discovery of pecan fruit physiology and pathways.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/cimb44010013


New insights into the influence of myo-inositol on carbohydrate metabolism during osmoregulation in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Under sustained hypertonic strain, a two-factor orthogonal test was carried out to see the effects of dietary myo-inositol on osmoregulation and carbohydrate metabolism of euryhaline fish tilapia. Dietary MI supplementation increased growth and crude protein content of whole fish, as well as reduced the amount of crude lipid of whole fish, as well as reduced the amount of crude lipids of whole fish. In the 1,200 mg/kg MI supplementation groups compared to the 0 mg/kg MI groups, the ion transport capacity in gill was significantly enhanced. The fish were given the highest MI content in the gills and the lowest MI content in the serum, according to the manufacturer. In addition, the fish treated with 1,200 mg/kg MI supplementation had the highest MI synthesis capacity in gills and brain. Increasing the octoregulation capacity of tilapia under long-term hypertonic stress may increase the obestonic stress by supplementing MI at 1,200 mg/kg in the high carbohydrate diet.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aninu.2022.04.006


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Relation to T2DM from Endocrinology, Neurophysiology, Molecular Biology, and Biochemistry Perspectives

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a severe disease attributed to digestive disorders, particularly carbohydrate metabolism disorders. Biochemical metabolic pathways such as glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, and glycogenolysis are all important pathways that regulate blood glucose levels, with the glucokinase enzyme playing a vital role in glucose homeostasis. One of the problems, according to the body, is that, since the body is an integration of technologies that complement one another, one more can not be effective, one u201d system is not very effective. This paper discusses endocrinology, neurophysiology, and molecular biology pathways that play a role in carbohydrate metabolism in relation to T2DM.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1708769


Enzymes and Metabolites in Carbohydrate Metabolism of Desiccation Tolerant Plants

Resurrection plants can withstand significant water loss. During dehydration, substantial sugar accumulation is a feature in resurrection plants. The dehydration of resurrection plants in physiology reveals the plurality of sugar metabolism in response to dehydration. During dehydration stress, this article examines enzymes that play in sugar metabolism during dehydration stress.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/proteomes4040040

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions