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Carbohydrate Lipid - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 02 February 2022

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Attenuation of carbohydrate metabolism and lipid profile by methanolic extract of Euphorbia helioscopia and improvement of beta cell function in a type 2 diabetic rat model.

In a rat model of type 2 diabetes, new research was carried out to investigate the antidiabetic and antioxidant effects of a folk herbal plant Euphorbia helioscopia's methanolic extract. Diabetes was in male Wistar rats by adding 5% sucrose in drinking water and cafeteria diet for 8 weeks with subsequent nicotinamide and streptozotocin administrations. Diabetic rats were then divided into four individual groups; positive control, standard control, treatment 1 and treatment 2; and treatment 2 were all divided; Conclusions in EH1 and EH2 were markedly reduced compared to the PC group's, and C-peptide levels were significantly reduced in glucagon, glucose, and C-peptide. In serum insulin levels in EH1 and EH2 groups, there was a similar trend. Conclusions In the type 2 diabetic rat model, the antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of E. helioscopia methanolic extract in normalizing the lipid profile, thyroid hormones, amylin, leptin, and carbohydrate metabolism is shown by a new analysis.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35078449


Effect of Carbohydrate-Restricted Dietary Pattern on Insulin Treatment Rate, Lipid Metabolism and Nutritional Status in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes in Beijing, China.

A questionnaire survey was used to conduct a retrospective review of 265 women with GDM who were in Peking University People's Hospital from July 2018 to January 2020. No statistically significant difference between the two groups was found in the rate of insulin therapy between the two groups, the first gestational week of the CRD group and insulin therapy, was significantly higher than that of the control group, and the risk of insulin therapy was positively related to fasting plasma glucose in early pregnancy. The results show that CRD intervention may be helpful in reducing insulin use and improving blood lipid metabolism in GDM pregnancy, although nutritional status may not be significantly affected by CRD intervention, and a high FPG in early pregnancy with GDM may be a risk factor for combined insulin therapy with CRD intervention.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35057540


Effects of dietary carbohydrate to lipid ratios on growth, biochemical indicators, lipid metabolism, and appetite in Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi).

In Chinese perch, an 8-week feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary carbohydrate to lipid ratios on growth, body composition, serum biochemical indexes, lipid metabolism, and gene expression of central appetite regulating factors. With dietary CHO:L ratio increase, final body weight, weight gain rate, specific growth rate, and protein efficiency ratio improved, according to our findings, although total body weight, waist gain rate, specific growth rate, and protein efficiency ratio increased with dietary CHO:L ratio from 0. 12 to 1. 71 and then decreased with further rises in dietary CHO:L ratios. The optimal dietary CHO:L level for maximum growth of fish was 1. 60, according to a two-slope broken-line regression study based on WGR. The dietary CHO:L ratios in the muscle and liver were significant influences on the liver and glycogen concentration in the muscle and liver, which was notably affected by Crude lipid and crude protein content. A lower Appropriate CHO:L ratio in the diet can effectively minimize liver fat absorption.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34997383


Innovative application of brackish groundwater without the addition of nutrients in the cultivation of Spirulina and Chlorella for carbohydrate and lipid production.

100% brackish groundwater was tested as a culture medium for Spirulina sp. In Spirulina sp. , the concentration and yield of carbohydrate in BGWS and BGWC increased the availability and use of carbohydrate. When compared to controls, the lipids in C. fusca biomass were more abundant and productive, while increased the number and quality of lipids in the respective controls. A new alternative for the industrial production of biomass rich in carbohydrates and lipids can be found in brackish groundwater as the sole culture medium.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34902481


High Vaccenic Acid Content in Beef Fat Attenuates High Fat and High Carbohydrate Western Diet Induced Changes in Lipid Metabolism and Gut Microbiota in Pigs.

Furthermore, fatty acid composition; saturated, monounsaturated; and industrial trans fats adversely influence microbial diversity, negatively impact microbial diversity; but polyunsaturated fats have been reported to have neutral effects, while industrial trans fats have detrimental effects. It's unclear what the effects of naturally occurring trans fats on gut microbial balance. In pigs, the aim of this study was to determine how variations of VA products in beef fat influence gut microbial composition, insulin resistance, and lipid metabolism. For seven weeks, low birth weight and control pigs were fed a control or high-fat, high-carbohydrate diet supplemented with beef fat with either high or low VA levels. When compared to a HFHC diet containing standard beef fat, a HFHC diet containing beef fat rich in VA had a modest insulin sensitizing effect, increased plasma HDL cholesterol, reduced postprandial plasma TG, and demonstrated immunity from HFHC-induced changes to gut microbial composition in LBW pigs.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34946118


Effects of nonnutritional sugars on lipid and carbohydrate content, physiological uptake, and excretion in Drosophila suzukii.

Feeding on erythritol can reduce fly longevity and oviposition by starving and creating an osmotic imbalance in the body. erythritol alone, as well as another nonnutritive sugar, sucralose, was fed on more than erythritol alone, raising D. suzukii mortality. Sucralose's effects on D. suzukii are unknown, although initially promising, but the nutritional and physiological effects of sucralose on D. suzukii are uncertain. We investigated whether sucralose is converted or excreted by D. suzukii when fed various erythritol, sucrose, and sucralose formulations in this research. In D. suzukii, we discovered that sucralose cannot be digested or converted into any nutritional substitutes or storage carbohydrates. To restore homeostasis, flies will use their own body fluids, resulting in losing a significant amount of body weight and becoming desiccated in the process. The erythritol+sucralose mix is a promising insecticide for growers to use with notice of sucralose's non-metabolizable and phagostimulative to D. suzukii.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34865250


The association between carbohydrate quality index and anthropometry, blood glucose, lipid profile and blood pressure in people with type 1 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study in Iran.

Background and purpose: Both methods and amounts of dietary carbohydrates have always been topics of discussion in diabetes mellitus. Consequently, this research sought to investigate the relationship between carbohydrate quality index and anthropometry, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus is a novel. Materials & methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 261 adults with T1DM aged 17 to 36 years who referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association or Diabetes Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, a non-interventionist group. Participants with a higher CQI had a reduced body mass, GI, glycemic load, appetite, and macronutrient intake compared to participants with a lower CQI. With CQI's FBG, lipid profile, and blood pressure, there was no evidence of a causal relationship, according to FBG, lipid profile, and blood pressure. Conclusion:It was found that CQI and HbA1c had an inverse relationship. With CQI, FBG, lipid profile, and blood pressure, no significant association was found.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/34900786

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions