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Carbohydrate - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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The Effect of Co-Ingestion of Carbohydrate with Milk after Exercise in Healthy Women: Study Considering the Menstrual Cycle

This report was designed to investigate the effects of co-ingestion of carbohydrate with milk and isocaloric carbohydrate beverage on post-exercise recovery and subsequent exercise capacity considering the menstrual cycle. The exercise time at an exercise capacity assessment was not significantly different from that of the menstrual cycle phases and recovery beverages consumed. In each group, there was a significant positive correlation between the endurance capacity test and the area under the curve of FFA concentrations from POST0 to POST240. However, the AUC of FFA concentrations in MILK were significantly higher in POST120 to POST240 than in CHO.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2022.191


Effects of Different Ratios of Carbohydrate–Fat in Enteral Nutrition on Metabolic Pattern and Organ Damage in Burned Rats

Background: Diete: Nutritional assistance is one of the most important aspects of patient care with severe burns, but burn nutrition therapy's carbohydrate-to-fat ratios are highly contested. In this research, we wanted to investigate the effects of different ratios of carbohydrateu2013fat in enteral feeding on metabolic changes and organ damage in burned rats. Each rat's body mass and REE were determined individually for each rat every day. With greater change in the 20%, 5%, and 30% fat groups, but not so much in the 10% fat group, energy expenditures increased, and body weight decreased dramatically following burn injury. In terms of relative comparisons, the 10% fat group had the least variation and was closest to the normal group. Conclusion: Lower fat intake is critical to preserving metabolic stability and lessening organ damage after burns, but the percentage of fat intake should not be less than 10% in burned rats should not be less than 10%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14173653


Effects of Carbohydrate and Protein Administration by Food Items on Strength Response after Training in Stable COPD

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the world's most common disorders and causes of death. Physical fitness and strength training are both proven to prolong life and improve quality of life. There are abundant studies that cardiovascular fitness and strength training are both highly effective in prolonging life and contributing to improved quality of life. Ingestion of protein and carbohydrates after strength training can contribute to muscle development in young athletes, according to numerous studies. Methods: Prescribed strength training, which consisted of two sets circular training with machines for large muscle groups, was complemented by a protein-rich meal and carbohydrates. Results: With dietetic intervention, the success in both knee extensor and chest press were significantly higher than those in control training. Conclusion: Input changes in maximum strength, the study found that supplementing protein and carbohydrate intake in increases in maximum strength may have measurable benefits. With just minor modifications, the study design and analysis protocol can be used for future research.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14173565


Gut Microbiota Changes by an SGLT2 Inhibitor, Luseogliflozin, Alters Metabolites Compared with Those in a Low Carbohydrate Diet in db/db Mice

For eight weeks, twenty-week-old male db/db mice were fed a balanced diet, LCD screen, and a normal diet with 0. 1 w/w luseogliflozin. Compared to those in the control group, both skeletal muscle mass and grip strength decreased in the LCD group mice, but they increased in the SGLT2i group mice. The amino acid content in the liver, skeletal muscle, and serum were lower in the LCD group than in the Ctrl group, but it was higher in the SGLT2i group mice. In the LCD group mice, short-chain fatty acids in rectal feces were lower in the LCD group mice than those in the Ctrl group, although they were higher in the SGLT2i mice. By raising amino acid metabolism, Luseogliflozin could reduce sarcopenic obesity and prevent sarcopenic obesity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14173531


Design, Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of New Carbohydrate-Based Coumarin Derivatives as Selective Carbonic Anhydrase IX Inhibitors via “Click” Reaction

We developed a line of new carbohydrate-based coumarin carbonic anhydrase IX inhibitors in this work by using 1,2,3-triazoles as a linker. All of the compounds had higher CAIX inhibitory activity than initial coumarin fragments, according to Intriguingly. Compound 10a contained the most potent CA IX inhibitory activity among them, and it was more potent than the reference drug acetazolamide. respectively, compound 10a demonstrated 3018-fold and 1955-fold selectivity relative to CA I and CA II, respectively. In HT-29 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cell lines, representative compounds could improve tumor cell viability and extracellular acidification. In addition, in vitro stability assays reported that our developed compounds had excellent liver microsomal metabolic stability and plasma stability. Our findings indicate that compound 10a, as a selective CA IX blocker, may be a key lead compound for further optimization and production as an anticancer agent.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27175464


Curcumin Remedies Testicular Function and Spermatogenesis in Male Mice with Low-Carbohydrate-Diet-Induced Metabolic Dysfunction

Both animal and human research have gathered evidence on the importance of dietary patterns in reproduction, indicating an inter-related correlation between diet and male fertility. Male C57BL/6 mice were given a normal diet and a low-carbohydrate diet for a year, and mice randomly chosen from the LC group were later introduced to their original diet. The LC group had a lower testicular testosterone level and a lower 17'u03b2-HSD production and protein expression, as well as lower 17-u03b2-HSD activity and protein expression. In the LC group, we observed a statistically significant rise in lipid peroxidation and reduced superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxide levels. Our analysis revealed that a replacement of a normal diet or ketogenic diet boosted testosterone levels by the LC diet by lowering oxidative stress.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms231710009


The association of Carbohydrate Quality Index with cardiovascular disease risk factors among women with overweight and obesity: A cross-sectional study

A negative association between carbohydrate intake and lipid profiles and body weight has been studied before. Methods This cross-sectional research was conducted on 291 Iranian overweight and obese women with a body mass index ranging between 25 and 40 kg/m2, with a body mass index ranging from 25 to 40 kg/m2, and age 18 to 36 years old, and was the first study to investigate the relationship between carbohydrate quality index with CVD risk factors. CQI scores were calculated using a validated 168-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. When we adjusted for potential confounders, we discovered that the CQI was negatively correlated to systolic blood pressure and DBP. Conclusion:The CQI was positively related to blood pressure, WC, BMI, and BF, according to the reference group.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.987190


Comparative genome analysis of four Leuconostoc strains with a focus on carbohydrate-active enzymes and oligosaccharide utilization pathways

Leuconostoc is most prevalent in food, plants, and dairy products. Leuconostoc mesenteroides SG315, L. lactis CCK940, L. lactis CCK940, and L. lactis SBC001 were all isolated and identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides SBC001. In this research, four strains were isolated and identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides SG315, L. lactis CCK940 In LA, LB, LC, and LD, respectively, the functional profiling survey revealed 2134, 1917, 1751, and 1816 open reading frames; 2023, 1853, 1655, and 899 protein-coding genes; and 43. 2 percent, 43. 2 %, and 43. 2 %, respectively; and 1836, 1917, 1751, and 1816 open reading frames; and 1819, 1917, 1751, and 1819; and 1818; and 1819 These results reveal that the four strains shared a large number of genes, but that their gene makeup is not similar. In Leuconostoc spp. , this research also clarified the oligosaccharide use and folate biosynthesis pathways. Our results, taken together, reveal useful information on the genetic diversity of CAZymes in the four Leuconostoc strains, as well as suggest that these species could be used for potent exploitation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2022.08.032


Development and testing of a reduced carbohydrate intervention for the management of obesity and reduction of gestational diabetes (RECORD): protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial

Introduction The previous attempts of dietary interventions to prevent gestational diabetes mellitus have met with only modest success. Women pregnant within 20 weeks u2019 gestation, with body mass index u226530 kg/m2 at their antenatal booking appointment, will be randomised 2:1 intervention or control and followed up until delivery. This trial was reviewed and approved by the South-Central Oxford B Research Ethics Committee, quality of life, maternal and neonatal studies, and quantitative measures. Women at high risk of GDM will be found if to proceed to a full-scale RCT to determine the clinical results of the RECORD program to prevent GDM in women at high risk of pregnancy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2022-060951


The effect of pre-operative carbohydrate loading in femur fracture: a randomized controlled trial

Abstract Background Femur fracture is a common problem among elderly people, causing patients to be bedridden for a long time in the hospital. In several countries, preoperative carbohydrate loading has been shown to improve postoperative outcomes. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of pre-operative carbohydrate loading in femur fracture surgery. In this research, 66 people, aged 50 years and over, were included in this research and assigned to the control and study groups by computer-generated random numbers. According to the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocol, the control group was kept fasting from midnight to the next morning as long as the control group was operational, though the research group was concerned with carbohydrate loading. To compare the results between the two groups, statistical comparisons were conducted using the Chi-square test and the Studentu2019s two-sample t-test. Compared to the control group, there was a significant decrease in the average postoperative pain in the carbohydrate loading group. The average CAS showed a substantial increase in regaining the mobility of participants in the research group's mobility function relative to the control group's - than that of the control group. Participants in the study group's mean MBI score at the time of release from the hospital was higher in the study group than in the control group. In the same fashion, the length of hospital stay after surgery in the study group had shorter duration in the study group than in the control group. Larger trials are needed to determine the effects of pre-operative carbohydrate loading in a clinical setting, according to this report.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-022-05766-z

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions