Advanced searches left 3/3

Carbohydrate - Crossref

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 August 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Effect of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2h with a drink containing carbohydrate in postoperative pulmonary function after Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy: a pilot randomized study

We wondered if this technique might improve postoperative respiratory function in patients undergoing bilateral thoracoscopic sympathectomy. Method: Patients undergoing thoracoscopic sympathectomy were randomized to either 6- to 8-hour fasting or 6-hour fasting for solids, followed by the intake of a CHO-rich drink two hours before anesthesia. Pain and well-being were assessed postoperatively by a visual analog scale. Pain and well-being did not differ among groups based on VAS scores. Both groups' axillary and surgical extensiibility worsened postoperatively, but only in the control group's xiphoid group, but only at a xiphoid level. On postoperative Day 1, both groups showed significant declines in FVC and FEV1. Conclusion: In this pilot study, drinking a CHO-enriched drink 2 hours preoperatively benefitted patients postoperatively, increasing basilar lung expansion, and marginally improving lung function.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv8n7-329


Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Relation to T2DM from Endocrinology, Neurophysiology, Molecular Biology, and Biochemistry Perspectives

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a severe illness caused by metabolic imbalances, especially carbohydrate metabolism disorders. Biochemical metabolic pathways such as glycolysis, gluconeogenesis, glycogenesis, and glycogenolysis are all important pathways that control blood glucose levels, with the glucokinase enzyme playing a key role in glucose homeostasis. One of the difficulties, according to howbeit, is that since the body is an interlocking of systems that complement one another, one another's analysis of one u201d device is not very useful.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1708769


Effects of low-carbohydrate diets versus low-fat diets on metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese adults: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

This research was intended to perform a meta-analysis to compare the long-term effects of LCD and LFD on metabolic risk factors and weight loss in overweight and obese adults. For u22656 months, the meta-analysis compared the effects of LCD with LFD on metabolic risk factors and weight loss. Participants on LCD had a larger decline in triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, weight loss, and a higher rise in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in 6 to 23 months compared to those on LFD. However, the decrease in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was more suited to LFD in 6201323 months. Conclusion The study shows that LCD and LFD may have specific effects on metabolic risk factors and weight loss in obese and obese adults over the past six months. The effects of weight loss and elevation of metabolic risk factors were at least the same at 24 months.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.935234


Adherence to Carbohydrate Counting Improved Diet Quality of Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus during Social Distancing Due to COVID-19

To reduce glycemic variability in people with Type 1 diabetes mellitus, it is necessary to implement carbohydrate counting, a step that ensures improved quality of life for these patients. This research seeks to investigate potential reasons attributed to adherence to CC in adults with T1DM during social incarceration in Brazil due to COVID-19. 472 adults, 37. 71%, reported participating CC at the same rate as before social distancing. Participants who maintained or reduced consumption of ultra-processed foods were 0. 62 times more likely to comply with CC, while participants who cooked more were 1. 67 times more likely to adhere to CC. There are already people with T1DM who did not know about and didn't use the CC method, which emphasizes the need for diabetes education.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19169776


Ketogenic and High-Carbohydrate Diets in Cyclists and Triathletes

Although professional companies recommend high carbohydrate diets to optimize fitness, several celebrities, and researchers have recently renewed interest in the ketogenic diet in the hopes of encouraging u201cfat conversionu201d, which would enable athletes to use the virtually unlimited energy sources from stored body fat, while recovering body fat rich tissues. Using ultrasonic imaging, the present study looked at the effects of participants' naturistic diet, HC, and KD on endurance in a 30-kilometer simulated cycling time trial, physiological responses during the TT, and muscle session fuel percentile before and after the TT. The highest in the KD condition and lowest in the HC syndrome were both highest in the KD condition and lowest in the HC condition. Following the TT, compared to HD and lower during KD, compared to HD and lower following the TT, while slowed resting values were lower across all conditions. In this population, further research is needed to determine the effect of HC and KD on TT results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.51224/cik.2022.42


A Functional Carbohydrate Degrading Enzyme Potentially Acquired by Horizontal Gene Transfer in the Genome of the Soil Invertebrate Folsomia candida

Horizontal gene transfer is defined as the acquisition by an organism of hereditary tissue from a phylogenetically unrelated organism. We investigate an HGT case in Folsomia candida that contains a carbohydrate-active enzyme homologous to glycosyl hydrase group 43. Our research has established evidence for the functional activity of an HGT gene in a soil-living detritivore, most likely from a bacterial donor with real eukaryotic characteristics, such as a signal peptide. According to a study by the Panarthropoda phylogeny, the HGT event occurred early in the development of this ecdysozoan lineage.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13081402


Strategy Development for Microalgae Spirulina Platensis Biomass Cultivation in a Bubble Photobioreactor to Promote High Carbohydrate Content

Microalgal carbohydrate is considered one of the most promising feedstocks for biofuels derived from the bioconversion route under a biorefinery process. This current research seeks to contribute to the simultaneous increase in biomass and carbohydrate accumulation of Spirulina platensis by developing an optimal growth environment in flasks and a bubble photobioreactor, with different concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorous in flasks and a bubble photobioreactor. The absence of nitrogen and phosphorous in the culture medium resulted in an elevated Spirulina platensis biomass and total carbohydrate 0. 93 g/L and 74. 4 percent, respectively, for this use.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation8080374


Decrease of Perforin Expressing Lymphocytes after On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Irrespective of Carbohydrate Preoperative Oral Feeding

b) Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery continues to be the gold standard for treating patients with coronary artery disease. The changes of cell immunity during perioperative and early postoperative period have been documented by CABG surgery, preferably on-pump CABG surgery. After on- or off-pump CABG surgery in the early postoperative period, the aim of this review was to investigate the effect of carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding on frequency and perforin expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Patients and methods: 80 patients scheduled for CABG surgery were included in this prospective clinical research. Patients in Group 1 were randomly assigned to four groups and did not receive carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding; patients in Group 2 were on-pump CABG and were preoperatively fed; patients in Group 2 underwent off-pump CABG and did not receive carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding; while patients in Group 2 were hospitalized and did not receive carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding; patients in Group 4 underwent off-pump CABG and did not receive carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding; patients in Group 1 In patients who underwent on-pump CABG for the first time 24 hours after the surgery, there was a significant decrease in the frequency of CD3+ and CD4+ cells, as well as perfidion-expressing CD3+CD8+ cells. In patients who had undergone on-pump CABG surgery, however, not in patients who had undergone off-pump CABG surgery, despite carbohydrate preoperative oral feeding.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1532/hsf.2003


Carbohydrates digestion and metabolism in the spiny lobster ( Panulirus argus ): biochemical indication for limited carbohydrate utilization

Panulirus argus is expected to use preferentially proteins and lipids in energy metabolism, as other spiny lobsters, while carbohydrates are well digested but not well utilized. In the spiny lobster P. argus, the aim of this research was to determine the effect of dietary carbohydrate level on digestion and metabolism. As the inclusion of wheat flour increased, Lobster's free glucose and stored glycogen in various tissues increased. A decrease in amino acids catabolism correlated with a rise in the use of free glucose as carbohydrates rise to 20%, according to modifications in intermediary metabolism. This effect seems to be limited by lobsters' metabolic ability to use more than 20% of carbohydrates in diets. According to dietary carbohydrate level, lobsters were not able to tightly control u03b1-amylase expression, but they did a notable change in secretion of this enzyme into the gut, which made it visible.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3975

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions