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Carbohydrate - Astrophysics Data System

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Last Updated: 10 September 2022

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The Spatial Extent of Carbohydrate Sharing in the Wood-Wide Web Varies with Climate and with Taxonomy of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi : Insights from the Swiss Forest FACE

Sporocarp u03b413C correlated positively with C/N under elevated CO2 and negatively elsewhere, showing that high-u03b413C carbohydrates from surrounding trees contributed to sporocarps growing elsewhere. Sporocarp u3b415N increased in Cortinarius with decreasing u03b413C, indicating that greater hyphal expansion as a result of increased CO2 sequestered 15N-depleted N from sporocarp formation. During the 2004 growing season, Sporocarp loge C/N decreased, and network transport decreased, suggesting reduced carbohydrate availability and network transport that year. In taxa specifically related to deciduous trees, coupled with other taxa, elevated CO2 reduced C/N by 15% and ambient CO2 rose C/N by 5%, indicating increased carbohydrate sharing by the deciduous taxa.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022EGUGA..2410476H/abstract


Current limitations of solid-state NMR in carbohydrate and cell wall research

Cell wall materials have emerged as an important component of biomolecular solid-state NMR. We'll explore how the multifaceted complexity of polysaccharide structures is hindering the resonance assignment process and determining the most effective biochemical and spectroscopic techniques that could solve this barrier by using plant cellulose and matrix polysaccharides as examples. Critical questions regarding the line-broadening properties of cell wall molecules at cryogenic temperature and paramagnetic biradicals will be considered.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022JMagR.34107263Z/abstract


Effect of ChREBP on carbohydrate feeding regulation in mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi

Therefore, the proper utilization of carnivorous fish diet, the proper conversion and usage of carbohydrate and lipids, as well as feeding control are all important factors for the effective utilization of carnivorous fish's nutritional metabolism. ChREBP and appetite regulatory factors were tested after intraperitoneal injection of glucose in mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi and co-transfection with glucose and glucose+siRNA in the hypothalamic cells of mandarin fish. The blood glucose level of the mandarin fish increased significantly after an hour 2 and 4 post intraperitoneal injection with 1 mg/g BW glucose, but food intake decreased rapidly, and liver enzyme levels increased significantly.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022JOL...tmp...92Y/abstract


Origins of covalent linkages within the lignin–carbohydrate network of biomass

This research investigates the thermodynamics and kinetics of the emergence of lignin-u2013carbohydrate complex linkages in the plant cell wall that are responsible for biomass's recalcitrant characteristics. Several tieages between lignin and the surrounding carbohydrate network, often referred to as lignin and the surrounding carbohydrate network, have been suggested to influence the biomass microstructure's organization and specifically correlate with biomass's recalcitrant nature. For the first time, this research provides concrete evidence of the underlying molecule of benzyl ether and benzyl ester LCC linkages via the speculated lignin polymerization pathway. The present study reveals that the surrounding carbohydrate matrix could play a role in the structuration of lignin deposition, and that covalent linkages may be a key factor in biomass recalcitrance.

Source link: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2022PCCP...2420480B/abstract

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions