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Blood pressure measurements during routine exercise stress testing may reveal subjects at a higher risk of experiencing AF. We performed a retrospective review of treadmill EST carried out using the Bruce technique in patients aged 40 years without a history of AF. When the BPs were analyzed as continuous variables and in patients with no baseline diagnosis of hypertension, the association of exercise BP with AF was even stronger. In conclusion, systolic and diastolic BP obtained at the rest, peak exercise, and recovery phases of EST can provide independent predictive data on future risk of developing AF. Measurements during rest, peak-exercise, and recovery phases of exercise stress testing were independently correlated with the likelihood of experiencing new-onset fibrillation.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41440-022-00920-5
Hemodynamic monitoring in intensive care units is based on an Intra-arterial blood pressure measurement. Gardner's plot has long been the only way to determine the accuracy of the pressure measurement. Simulated blood pressure waveforms of various heart rates were analyzed by simulation measurement devices with varying f _natural and Z _damping characteristics. The measured pressure's temperature, systolic and diastolic pressures, and mean error were used to create heat maps for the various recording conditions, in the same manner as Gardner's.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11517-022-02509-z
Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular risk factor, consistently and positively associated with an elevated risk of major CV events, including myocardial infarction, stroke, concomatory heart failure, renal disease, and death due to CV causes. Effective control of hypertension is of utmost importance for reducing the risk of hypertension-related CV problems, as well as decreasing the global burden of CV mortality. Correctly assessing individual BP profiles, including home, clinic, and 24-h ambulatory BP measurements, will increase awareness of the disorder, ensure adherence to prescribed medications in treated hypertensive patients, and thus help with improved BP management in treated hypertensive outpatients. This report focused on the current applications and potential shortcomings of European guidelines on how to detect BP in office and out-of-office settings, as well as their potential effects on daily clinical monitoring of hypertension.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11739-022-02961-7
Purpose of Analysis As the data regarding various blood pressure phenotypes and cardiovascular risks evolves, it is imperative to determine the validity of office blood pressure, ambulatory blood pressure, and home blood pressure measurements and their correlations with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. HBP is more accurate in diagnosing hypertension than OBP or ABP, according to new studies. An elevated systolic ABP is also associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular events and death. ABP is a more accurate predictor of cardiovascular events than OBP in diabetics.
Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-022-01661-0
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