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Blood Pressure - MedlinePlus Genetics

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 June 2022

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Hypertension

"Hypertension is unusually elevated blood pressure in the arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. " Blood pressure is the product of the blood pumping against the artery walls, and it is measured in millimeters of mercury. The top number in a blood pressure test is the pressure that the heart pumps, while the bottom number is the stress between heart beats. Hypertension has no signs in most cases, and many affected individuals do not know they have the condition. To pump blood throughout the body, the heart and arteries must function harder than normal when blood pressure rises. Heart disease is caused by the extra work and a lack of oxygen. In addition, arterial blockage in the heart, causing a heart attack, or the brain, can cause a ischemic stroke. When a weakened blood vessel in the brain bursts, a hemorrhagic stroke can occur. Vision loss can be caused by a lack of blood flow in the arteries of the eyes.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/hypertension


Orthostatic hypotension

"Orthostatic hypotension is a decrease in blood pressure that occurs when transitioning from a laying down position to a standing position. " This transient decrease in blood pressure goes unnoticed by the majority of people. People with orthostatic hypotension also have trouble maintaining stable blood pressure, resulting in a dramatic decline in blood pressure that occurs minutes after going from lying down to standing. Orthostatic hypotension is defined as a reduction in blood pressure by at least 20mmHg systolic or 10mmHg diastolic within 3 minutes of standing when measuring blood pressure. People who are less likely can experience muscle pain in the neck and shoulders, lower back pain, or weakness are all typical. Hypothermia in people with orthostatic hypotension, hypoperfusion to other organs, and chronic kidney disease are all associated with an elevated risk of life-threatening health conditions, such as heart arrest or heart disease, a heart rhythm abnormality called atrial fibrillation, stroke, or chronic kidney dysfunction.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/orthostatic-hypotension


Dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiency

"Dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiency (orphanage) is a disorder that affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary body functions such as blood pressure and body temperature regulation. " This sudden decline in blood pressure is usually more severe when getting out of bed in the morning, in hot weather, and as a person gets older. People with dopamine u03b2-hydroxylase deficiency are particularly ill during workouts due to their inability of maintaining a normal blood pressure. Retrograde ejaculation, or a release of semen backwards into the bladder, may also occur among affected males.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/dopamine-beta-hydroxylase-deficiency


Pulmonary arterial hypertension

"Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive disorder that is characterized by elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, the blood vessel that transports blood from the heart to the lungs, is characterized by persistently elevated blood pressure. " Pulmonary arterial hypertension is one of several causes of pulmonary hypertension, which is also known as pulmonary hypertension. Blood pressure rises in the pulmonary artery and in the right ventricle of the heart, which is the chamber that pumps blood into the pulmonary artery, as a result of the chamber that pumps blood into the pulmonary artery. When elevated blood pressure rises, the increased resistance to be able to fully overcome the increased resistance. ".

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/pulmonary-arterial-hypertension


Preeclampsia

"Preeeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy in which affected women have elevated blood pressure; pregnant women can also have abnormally elevated amounts of protein in their urine. " Many women with mild preeclampsia do not feel sick, and the condition is often identified early in the doctor's office with blood pressure and urine testing. Many women affected women may have headaches, dizziness, exhaustibility, shortness of breath, a reduction in urination, upper abdominal pain, and nausea or vomiting. Preeclampsia symptoms go away within a few days after the baby is born in several cases. Extremely elevated blood pressure in the mother can cause bleeding in the brain. seizures may also arise as a result of elevated blood pressure on the brain. Eclampsia is present in the majority of 200 women with untreated preeclampsia. Eclampsia can also develop without showing any obvious signs of preeclampsia. HELLP syndrome, a common disorder affecting women with extreme preeclampsia, is present in between 10 and 20 percent of women with severe preeclampsia. Severe preeclampsia can also impact the fetus, with a lack of blood and oxygen supply resulting in growth difficulties or stillbirth. Infants who are delivered early due to preeclampsia may have respiratory difficulties related to premature lungs development. Women with preeclampsia have a half-time risk of heart disease and stroke in comparison to those in the general population. Women who have obesity, hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, or kidney disease before they become pregnant have an elevated risk of developing preeclampsia. ".

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/preeclampsia


Liddle syndrome

"Liddle syndrome is an inherited condition of elevated blood pressure. " Liddle syndrome sufferers have no additional signs or symptoms, especially in childhood. Low potassium levels in the blood can cause hypertension, in addition to hypertension. A potassium deficiency can also raise the pH of the blood, a condition known as metabolic alkalosis. ".

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/liddle-syndrome


Renal tubular dysgenesis

"Renal tubular dysgenesis is a severe kidney disease characterized by abnormal kidney development before birth. " Fetal urine is the key component of the fetus fluid that surrounds the fetus, and anuria results in lower amniotic fluid levels. Amniotic fluid helps cushion and shield the fetus, and it plays a role in the formation of several organs, including the lungs. Extreme low blood pressure is also related to renal tubular dysgenesis. In addition, bone growth in the skull in certain individuals is abnormal, resulting in a large space between the bones of the skull. As a result of the severe health issues caused by renal tubular dysgenesis, affected individuals die before birth, are stillborn, or die shortly after birth from respiratory failure. Their blood pressure usually normalizes, but they quickly develop chronic kidney disease, which is characterized by decreased kidney function that worsens over time. ".

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/renal-tubular-dysgenesis

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions