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Blood Pressure - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 June 2022

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Impact of drug adherence on blood pressure response to alcohol-mediated renal denervation.

"Purpose": "While poor drug adherence is common in patients with hypertension, poor drug adherence is not uncommon in patients with impaired hypertension, clinical studies of drug adherence on renal denervation are lacking. As part of the Peregrine study, we report drug adherence at baseline, changes in drug use, and the effect of these measures on blood pressure changes in patients treated with alcohol-mediated renal denervation. Renal denervation was carried out in 45 patients with uncontrolled hypertension on u22653 antihypertensive drugs. Conclusion About 40% of patients with apparently treatment-resistant hypertension were not completely adherent at baseline, and adherence dropped even more in 30 percent. However, mean blood pressure changes after renal denervation were similar despite drug use. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35575248


Number of measurement days needed for obtaining a reliable estimate of home blood pressure and hypertension status.

"Purpose" is a term that refers to the diagnosis and monitoring of hypertension. " Out-of-office blood pressure tests are also essential for the diagnosis and monitoring of hypertension. The new guidelines on home blood pressure monitoring differ in their suggestions. Utilizing the European guideline-based 7-day HBPM protocol as a reference, we aimed to determine the number of blood pressure measurement days needed for a reliable estimation of true home BP and hypertension status for a reliable estimation of true home BP and hypertension status. Systolic BP in the morning was notably smaller than systolic BP in the evening, according to a systolic BP. MAM BP measurements were at most 5. 2/3. 3 mm Hg and 9. 5/4. 8 mm Hg lower than the true home BP for 95% of the subjects, with most of the individuals suffering two-daily MAM BP values at more than 5. 2 mm Hg and 9. 5/4. 8 mm Hg lower than the true home BP of 95%. Conclusions Twice-daily MAM BP tests for three days give a realistic estimate of home BP. For a reliable diagnosis of home hypertension, at least 4. 5 days HBPM in a row are required.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35574599


Utility of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in detection of masked hypertension and risk of hypertension mediated organ damage in normotensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

"Purpose": "British hypertension in diabetic patients is a significant risk factor for chronic disorders' onset and progression. " Using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, the study sought to determine the prevalence of masked hypertension in normotensive diabetic patients, the causes affecting it, and its association with diabetes complications. Materials and methods The aim of this cross-sectional observational study was conducted on 150 normotensive diabetic patients. 99 percent of patients had masked hypertension. Concentric LVH and nephropathy were linked to concentric LVH and nephropathy, whereas, nocturnal hypertension was linked to concentric LVH and nephropathy, whereas nocturnal hypertension was associated with concentric LVH and nephropathy. Conclusions A single office blood pressure test cannot rule out hypertension in diabetic patients. Masked hypertension, shifts in nocturnal dipping, and other signs that raise the risk of diabetes complications can be identified by ABPM, but ABPM can provide a useful prognostic benefit. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35438026


Adherence and blood pressure control in patients with primary aldosteronism.

"Purpose": The aim of our investigation was to determine the adherence of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and other antihypertensive drugs and blood pressure monitoring in conservatively treated patients with primary aldosteronism. Methods and techniques Developed by a outpatient hypertension clinic. Patients with recently diagnosed PA were investigated by our outpatient hypertension clinic. Blood pressure monitoring in 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was evaluated in addition to standard laboratory and medical measurements. Improvements Good blood pressure control was found during testing. 3. 9 4. 0 u00b1 1. 5' the average number of antihypertensive drugs was 3. 9 u00b1 1. 5. Spironolactone was administered to patients in the remaining 56% of patients, and spironolactone was administered due to spironolactone side effects in the remaining 56% of patients. In almost all studies, MR antagonist levels were found. Conclusions In conservatively treated patients with PA, good blood pressure control and adherence to therapy were found in both conservatively treated patients with PA. Eplerenone had to be used quite often because male patients were unable to tolerate dose increase due to spironolactone side effects.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35438025


Increased blood pressure variability is associated with probable rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in elderly hypertensive patients.

"Purpose" has been linked to increased blood pressure variability in older age and cognitive impairment; however, in patients with non-clinical Lewy body diseases, no correlation has been investigated. Patients with RBD had a higher body mass index, coefficient of variation in 24-h diastolic BP, awake diastolic BP, and nocturnal systolic BP, as well as those without RBD, but patients with RBD did not differ significantly between patients with and without RBD, while systolic BP, diastolic BP, alert diastolic BP, and nocturnal BP, Patients with RBD and lower CV of R-R intervals while standing compared to patients without RBD and lower CV of R-R intervals. Conclusions An elevated BPV in ambulatory BP, which is often attributed to autonomic dysfunction, can be seen in patients with probable RBD, even in elderly patients with no clinical evidence of Lewy body diseases.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35426329


Projection of global burden and risk factors for aortic aneurysm - timely warning for greater emphasis on managing blood pressure.

"Rationale Aneurysm is a serious condition that greatly raises the chance of aortic dissection and sudden death. " Public health policy improvement needs a global burden of disease and shifts in risk factors for AA. Methods and results We analyzed the death burden of AA and trends of four risk factors from 1990-2019 using the new 2019 Global Burden of Disease study database by Joinpoint regression analysis. The key risk factor attributed to AA's death is high systolic blood pressure. Important reports & Warnings High systolic blood pressure is starting to rise globally, and it should remain as the first-degree risk factor in the development of AA management and screening guidelines.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35139697


Prognostic value of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure patterns in diabetes: a 21-year longitudinal study.

"Aims Abnormal circadian blood pressure levels are established risk factors for cardiovascular events in the general population. " Materials and methods We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of 349 outpatients with diabetes who were screened for microvascular disease and followed up for 21 years. According to the latest night-time systolic BP estimates, the difference between dipping, non-dipping, and reverse dipping status was determined as u226510% decrease, 10% decrease, and any rise in average night-time vs. day-time systolic BP values were estimated, respectively, based on 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring as a '20% decrease, 10% decrease, and any rise in average night-time s day-time sysystolic sysy sysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysysy Following adjustment for traditional risk factors, reverse dippers reported a 13. 4% decline in mean overall survival and a two-fold increased risk of all-cause mortality. Each 1% drop in night-time vs. day-time SBP ratio was independently attributed to a 4% decline in 20-year mortality risk. "British reverse dipping has been correlated with a higher risk of CKD and CAN, as well as more than doubled the estimated risk of all-cause mortality over a 21-year study. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35676796


A web-based self-care program to promote healthy lifestyles and control blood pressure in patients with primary hypertension: A randomized controlled trial.

"However, patients with primary hypertension with primary hypertension are compelled to change and maintain behaviors long-term. " A web-based self-care service based on self-efficacy theory may have insight into blood pressure management that is more efficient. Objectives: To investigate the effects of a web-based self-care service for patients with primary hypertension on cardiovascular risk-factors, self-efficacy, and self-care behaviors, it was determined. Patients with primary hypertension were recruited between February 2017 and August 2018 at a cardiology clinic of a medical center in Taipei, Taiwan, with a total of 222 patients with primary hypertension. Patients in the intervention group received a 6-month web-based self-care program based on the theory of self-efficacy, while those in the control group received regular care. Findings: The control group had higher scores on the SEMC6 and lower cholesterol among the intervention group at baseline, as well as the intervention group's lower cholesterol. Pulse pressure dropped sharply, serum triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly lower than those at 6 months compared to controls. Compared to controls at 6 months, the intervention group had significantly higher mean scores for the SEMC6 over 6 months compared to the control group and the H-SCALE subscale for medication adherence, diet, weight management, and physical fitness for the SEMC6. Conclusions and clinical relevance The greatest benefit of this program was the ability of participants to directly inquire with the researchers about self-care issues via the website, which was the greatest benefit of the scheme. We designed and delivered delivering interventions for participants that would enhance their self-care for hypertension and eventually achieve home blood pressure control. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35674370


Association Between the Gut Microbiome and Their Metabolites With Human Blood Pressure Variability.

"Background Blood pressure variability is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events," says the author. Methods Ambulatory BP monitoring was done in 69 participants from Australia. These results were used to determine nighttime dipping, morning BP rise, and BP variability as SD. Various dippers and the top quartiles of BP SD and MBPS were discovered to be contaminated with Clostridium spp. MBPS and microbial u03b1-diversity exhibited a negative correlation, according to a negative correlation. MBPS was also negatively associated with plasma levels of microbial metabolites called short-chain fatty acids, particularly acetate. Conclusions Gut microbiome diversity, microbial metabolites, and the bacteria Alistipesfinegoldii and Lactobacillus were associated with lower BP variability, and Clostridium and Prevotella were associated with higher BP variability, with lower BP variability and higher BP variability. "Our results show that the gut microbiome and metabolites may be involved in the regulation of BP variability. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35674054


Longitudinal quantitative assessment of coronary atherosclerosis related to normal systolic blood pressure maintenance in the absence of established cardiovascular disease.

"Longitudinal studies relating to the association of normal systolic blood pressure maintenance with coronary plaque volume changes in adults without traditional CV disease have been severely limited. " Methods We analyzed 95 adults without baseline CV disease who underwent serial coronary computed tomographic angiography, with mean 3. 5 years of follow-up. Compared to participants with normal SBP control, those with elevated SBP maintain had higher annualized PVC as compared to those with normal SBP maintain. "SBP maintains that the u2265 118. 5 mm Hg and baseline total plaque volume independently influenced coronary plaque progression. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35673995

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions