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Blood Cancer - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 10 June 2022

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Usefulness of complete blood count parameters to predict poor outcomes in cancer patients with febrile neutropenia presenting to the emergency department.

"Introduction Febrile neutropenia is one of the key issues in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. " The Multinational Association for Supportive Care in Cancer's risk-index score has limited relevance for routine use in the emergency department. This research sought to create simplified new nomograms that could identify 28-day mortality and the development of serious medical problems in patients with FN using a combination of complete blood count variables and a quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment. Only MPV was highly associated with 28-day mortality and acute medical problems in patients with FN, according to the CBC findings. The nomogram, which was developed to forecast 28-day mortality and acute medical problems, displayed good discrimination with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve values of 0. 729 and 0. 862, respectively, which were not different from those of the validation set's. "In this research, a novel prognostic nomogram utilizing qSOFA score and MPV was created and validated to identify cancer patients with a high risk of 28-day mortality and serious medical problems. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35175159


Elevated mutational age in blood of children treated for cancer contributes to therapy-related myeloid neoplasms.

"Childhood cancer survivors are confronted with a variety of chronic health conditions including therapy-related malignancies. " We investigated mutation accumulation in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells before and after cancer treatment of 24 children in this region. HSPCs' average mutation prevalence increased similar to what treatment-naive cells accumulates after 16 years of life, with excesses up to 80 years. We show that the majority t-MN in children arise after the start of therapy and that leukemic clones became prevalent during or immediately after chemotherapy exposure.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35678530


Guaiac-based faecal occult blood tests versus faecal immunochemical tests for colorectal cancer screening in average-risk individuals.

"FOBTs fall into two categories based on measurement technique and the detected blood component: qualitative based FOBTs and faecal immunochemical tests, which can be qualitative or quantitative. Objectives: To determine advanced colorectal neoplasia in average-risk individuals, it was determined by gFOBT and FIT testing. We included studies in which both index measurement and reference standard were administered, as well as studies in which only participants with a positive index test passed the reference standard were followed for at least one year for development of interval carcinomas. We assessed the risk of bias in less than 20% of studies for each Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies -2 domain. At the 10 bcg Hb/g cut-off and the 20 bbcg Hb/g cut-off, there were no significant differences in summary specificity for CRC, according to gFOBTs and FITs at the 10 bcg Hb/g cut-off and the 20 bcg Hb/g cut-off, and CRC's 20 bcg Hb/g cut-off. FITs showed a greater discriminative capability for AN than gFOBTs in a five-study analysis comparing FITs and gFOBTs in the same population. The CRC of gFOBTs, 59%, was significantly lower than FITs at the 10 u03bcg Hb/g cut-off, 89%, and the 20 % Hb/g cut-off, 89%. gFOBTs fell 41 in the hypothetical cohort with 100 participants in CRC, while FITs missed 11 and 11. Both tests were identical in "reference standard: positive" studies, whereas specificity was noticeably higher for gFOBTs than FITs in '"reference standard: positive" studies. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35665911


Dynamic peripheral blood immune cell markers for predicting the response of patients with metastatic cancer to immune checkpoint inhibitors.

In various malignancies, "Purpose Immune checkpoint inhibitors have had long responses. " In total, 120 patients receiving ICI therapy and 40 patients receiving non-ICI therapy were enrolled, as well as 40 patients receiving non-ICI therapy. Peripheral blood immune cell markers, as liquid biopsy biomarkers, were analyzed by flow cytometry before ICI therapy, and before the first evaluation. Patients were randomly divided into training and validation cohorts in the ICI cohort. Results of the study A single blood lymphocyte-based signature based on four hub PBIMs was developed using the training cohort. The high-BICS group had a significantly shorter duration of progression-free survival and OS than the low-BICS group. We further developed and validated the support vector machine-recursive and feature elimination classifier scheme, which accurately anticipates patients who will get the most clinical benefit from this technology by integrating these PBIMs. Conclusions: Dynamic PBIM-based monitoring as a noninvasive, cost-effective, highly specific, and sensitive biomarker with broad potential for diagnostic and predictive use in patients receiving ICI therapy.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35661905


Role of Peripheral Blood Markers for Detecting Response and Predicting Prognosis in Patients with Non-small-cell Lung Cancer Undergoing Neoadjuvant Therapy and Surgery.

"Introduction" is the product of "Introduction To date, there are no validated predictors of reaction before neoadjuvant therapy are currently available in locally advanced non-cell lung cancer that are locally developed. " Various peripheral blood markers were tested before and after NAD/before surgery to determine their effect on the treatment results. Using multivariate logistic and Cox regression models, the impact of peripheral blood markers on downstaging post-NAD and overall survival was determined. The majority of patients had Stage III NSCLC. In 188 patients, N2 disease was confirmed. In 80% of clinical N2 patients, nodal downstaging was observed. The overall population and the N2 population had 74. 6% and 73. 5%, respectively. OS's pre-surgery platelets quantity and the variation of the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio were identified as independent prognostic factors. Conclusions "The clinical use of peripheral blood markers in locally advanced NSCLC should be investigated further. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35652971


Abnormal expression and clinical significance of surface receptors on natural killer cells in the peripheral blood of patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

"Natural killer cells typically function as frontline lymphocytes against cancer," they do not know about their involvement in non-small cell lung cancer. This paper compared the results and activity of NK cells and their subsets in the peripheral blood of NSCLC sufferers and healthy participants. NK cell surface receptors CD107a, IFN-u03b3, and TNF-u03b1 activity in lung cancer patients had markedly reduced activity in lung cancer patients compared to healthy controls, according to the study. Patients' numbers and percentage of NK cells within the lymphocyte population had been reduced in patients.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35652620


No detrimental effect of perioperative blood transfusion on recurrence in 2905 stage II/III gastric cancer patients: A propensity-score matching analysis.

"Background" (Background) The effects of perioperative blood transfusion on gastric cancer patients' prognosis are uncertain. This study sought to determine if perioperative blood transfusion and survival rates were related to anesthesia. Methods The study included 2905 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy for stage II/III gastric cancer between 2006 and 2015, which were followed until 2018. Patients with blood transfusion had a lot less chance of recovering and recurrence-free survival than those without blood transfusion. In the matched analysis, long-term recurrence-free survival was not significantly different between patients with or without blood transfusion in the matched study. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35672232


Overexpression of TIGAR and HO-1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of breast cancer patients treated with radiotherapy.

"Introduction Radiation therapy is one of breast cancer's most common treatment options. " Pre- and post-RT Methods and products Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from 83 breast cancer patients. TAC and TP were reduced after RT, according to a study by the University of Tulirubin, ALT, and AST were all elevated, while AST and AST were significantly elevated after RT. However, albumin and ALP did not change after RT. Interestingly, RT resulted in the overexpression of TIGAR and HO-1 genes in breast cancer patients, which was surprising. Conclusions The results of this review showed that RT could overexpress TIGAR and HO-1 in breast cancer PBMCs. "Overexpression of TIGAR and HO-1" may require additional research to determine the mechanisms responsible for the effects of RT on increased catabolism and production of bilirubin and bilirubin.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35452587


Prognostic Role of Circulating Tumor Cells in the Pulmonary Vein, Peripheral Blood, and Bone Marrow in Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

"Background Studies of the prognostic role of circulating tumor cells in early-stage non-small cell lung cancer are also limited. " This report investigated the prognostic value of CTCs from the pulmonary vein, peripheral blood, and bone marrow for postoperative recurrence in patients with NSCLC. Methods Forty patients who underwent curative surgery for NSCLC were accepted. PB-CTCs had excellent predictive value for recurrence-free survival, according to a time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, with the most area under the curve at each time point. PB-CTCs were an independent risk factor for recurrence in a multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression scheme. The presence of PB-CTCs in U22654 PB-CTCs was an independent poor prognostic factor for RFS, and PV-CTCs and PB-CTCs showed a positive linear correlation in patients with recurrence. ".

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35440519


Consequence of Fibonacci quasiperiodic sequences in 1-D photonic crystal refractive index sensor for the blood plasma and cancer cells detections

"We present the repercussions of a number of Fibonacci quasiperiodic sequences on the sensing ability of a one-dimensional photonic crystal based sensor to detect blood plasma and cancer cells. " From 427. 5 nm/RIU to 2983. 33 RIU u2212 1, respectively, and from 322. 5 nm/RIU to 2983. 33 RIU u2212 1 - 1 index range, from 427. 5 nm/RIU to 2983. 33" RIU u2212 1 — from 427. 5 nm/RIU to 2983. 33 RIU u2212 1 to 2983. 33 RIU u2212.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/PPR/PPR501119

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions