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Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that causes dramatic shifts in mood, vitality, and behavior. Both dramatic "highs," called manic episodes, and "lows" are measured as depressive episodes by bipolar disorder sufferers. Hypomanic episodes in bipolar disorder are similar to but less intense than manic episodes. People with bipolar disorder frequently have repeated thoughts of death and suicide, and they are at a greater risk of dying by suicide than the general population. Psychotic signs, such as false perceptions or persistently held incorrect beliefs, can be present in medical and depressive episodes. Bipolar disorder is divided into several categories based on the mood changes that occur. Hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes that are usually less severe than those in bipolar I or bipolar II are typical. Bipolar disorder is often associated with other health problems, such as anxiety disorders, emotional disorders, and heroin use.
Schizoaffective disorder is a mental health disorder that includes elements of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder such as bipolar disorder or depression. Its features are closely related to those of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and there is widespread confusion over whether schizoaffective disorder should be considered a distinct diagnosis or a subtype of one of these other disorders. Signs and symptoms of psychosis in people with schizoaffective disorder include false beliefs such as hearing voices no one else is aware of or experiencing visions, smells, or tactile sensations. Both bipolar type and depressive disorder are two common schizoaffective disorder, depending on which mood disorder is involved: the bipolar type and the depressive type. The schizoaffective disorder's psychosis and mood difficulties are often present in childhood or early adulthood. People with schizoaffective disorder have a higher risk of substance use problems and suicide by suicide than the general population.
Seasonal affective disorder is a mental disorder exacerbated by the seasons' change. Continuing sadness and a general lack of interest are typical of major depressive disorder, while bipolar disorder is defined by repeating depressive episodes with periods of abnormally high energy and activity. During certain months of the year, people with seasonal affective disorder have signs and symptoms of either major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder only. Among people with seasonal affective disorder, major depressive disorder is more common than bipolar disorder. People with seasonal affective disorder have the same signs and symptoms as those of major depressive disorder, including a loss of interest or pleasure in sports, a decrease in energy, a depressed mood, and low self-confidence. Most people with seasonal affective disorder, anxiety, and other traits appear in the fall and winter months and decrease in the spring and summer months. Typically, people with underlying bipolar disorder have alternating episodes of depression in the fall and winter months and mania in the spring and summer months. A change in diagnosis to either major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder has occurred in nearly 40% of people with seasonal affective disorder, depressive episodes persist in the winter months and do not diminish in the summer months. Individuals with seasonal affective disorder have another medical disorder, such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, an eating disorder, anxiety disorder, or panic disorder.
17q12 deletion syndrome is a condition that results from the deletion of a small piece of chromosome 17 in each cell. And among the affected individuals of the same family, the signs and symptoms of 17q12 deletion syndrome vary greatly. The combination of kidney cysts and MODY5 is often referred to as renal cysts and diabetes syndrome in addition. About half of people with 17q12 deletion syndrome have delayed growth, intellectual impairment, or behavioral or psychiatric disorders. Autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia, fear, and bipolar disorder have all been identified in people with 17q12 deletion syndrome. abnormalities of the eyes, liver, brain, genitalia, and other body organs are associated with 17q12 deletion syndrome, which is less common. Skin alterations in facial appearances are also associated with subtle facial irregularities. 17q12 deletion syndrome is also related to subtle facial irregularities.
Microdeletion syndrome is a condition that arises from the deletion of a small piece of chromosome 3 in each cell. The features of 3q29 microdeletion syndrome are not similar. Some people with this chromosomal abnormality have very mild to no apparent signs and symptoms, and the deletion is only confirmed after a family member is diagnosed. However, most people with a 3q29 microdeletion have delayed growth and mild to moderate intellectual impairment. Infants with 3q29 microdeletion syndrome have feeding issues and do not grow and gain weight at the expected rate. Patent ductus arteriosus is a heart abnormality in some affected babies, the most common one being an abnormal connection between two major arteries. Other potential signs of 3q29 microdeletion syndrome include digestive disorders, such as a backflow of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus, and teeth abnormalities.
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