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Atrial Fibrillation - PubMed

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Last Updated: 28 June 2022

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Left atrial epicardial adipose tissue is closely associated with left atrial appendage flow velocity in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

In patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, we investigated the relationship between left atrial epicardial adipose tissue and left atrial appendage flow velocity in this research. A total of 145 patients with NV-AF who underwent their first radiofrequency ablation were enrolled. Independent predictors of LAA-FV, using a multiple linear regression model showed that the left atrial low voltage zone, LA-EAT volume, left atrial appendage shape, LAVI, and type of fibrillation were all independent predictors of LAA-FV.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-13988-3


Network Pharmacology and Pharmacological Mechanism of CV-3 in Atrial Fibrillation.

Arial fibrillation's high mortality and disability rate are both contributing to the initiation and treatment of AF, which is of utmost importance. The present research sought to establish a prospective mechanism of Mujiangzi oil treatment for AF by designing an AF cardiomyocyte model and using a network pharmacology approach. Cell apoptosis and cell viability were measured by Flow cytometry and the MTT assay, respectively. N-decanoic acid and spathulenol were shown to bind to PTGS2 with binding energies of -4. 08 and -7. 09 kcal/mol, respectively, and hydrogen bonds interaction were discovered. CV-3 may be the key ingredients of AF treatment of AF by governing PTGS2; the present study showed that it could relieve AF cardiomyocytes apoptosis and increase cardiomyocyte viability, and boost cardiomyocyte viability, and that N-decanoic acid and spathulenol may be the key components of CV-3, and that regulating PTGS2 could help reduce AF cardiomyocytes' viability and increase cardiomyocytes This report included the potential target PTGS2 and the understanding of CV-3's molecular mechanisms in treating AF.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5496299


Atrial fibrillation prevalence and predictors in patients with diabetes: a cross-sectional screening study.

Around the world, the prevalence of atrial fibrillation and diabetes is on the rise. Both diabetes is a risk factor for AF and both increase stroke risk. Previous AF screening studies have recruited highrisk patient populations, but not with diabetes as the target group. This research seeks to determine whether people with diabetes have a higher risk of AF than the general population, and whether determinants, such as diabetes duration or diabetes control, can influence AF risk. Patients with diabetes were recruited via their GP surgeries or a diabetes center in a cross-sectional screening project. People with diabetes and AF were significantly older than those who had diabetes only. AF was more common among people with type 2 diabetes than those with type 1. Age, sex, diabetes type, insulin duration, and level of control were all significant predictors of AF diagnosis by gender, sex, diabetes type, diabetes duration, and severity of monitoring.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5837/bjc.2022.008


Quality of life among people with atrial fibrillation with and without diabetes: a comparison study.

This article also looks at QoL in patients with AF and diabetes. Participants were required to complete the short form -36 survey by an online platform and be sent to people affected by AF alone and people with AF and diabetes in combination in combination. When viewed jointly across all domains, there was clearly significant difference between AF and AF with diabetes QoL responses in physical fitness, endurance, economic stability, emotional stability, social functioning, and pain. There were no significant differences in the roles of physical,role emotional, and general health domains. In the majority of domains, this report shows that diabetes and AF have a more detrimental effect on QoL than AF alone. Understanding the true impact this disease combination has on QoL requires further investigation into the general AF population and areas where chronic conditions co-exists.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5837/bjc.2021.042


High Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in a Lithuanian Stroke Patient Cohort.

At presentation, AIS patients with AF were significantly at risk of a large vessel occlusion and had more severe neurological impairment at onset. In-hospital 24-h Holter monitoring was only available to 34 percent of AIS patients without prior-existing AF. All patients received a 12-lead ECG, but in-hospital 24-h Holter monitoring was only done in 34 percent of AIS patients with pre-existing AF. Although multivariate analyses revealed no statistically significant difference in one-year stroke patient survival and good functional status at 90 days, adjusted for age, gender, reperfusion therapy, baseline functional status, and baseline NIHSS, stroke patients with AF had a significantly lower EQ-VAS score, showing no significantly different change in one-year stroke patient survival and positive functional status at 90 days, as adjusted for age, gender, regression treatment, baseline functional status, and baseline NIHSS. stroke patients with t Conclusions: We found that 40. 8 percent of AIS patients had a concomitant AF, a risk of an LVO, and that a significant lower self-perceived HRQoL was significantly lower at 90 days.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina58060800


Pharmacologic Rate versus Rhythm Control for Atrial Fibrillation in Heart Failure Patients.

Both Atrial fibrillation and Heart disease are two commonly occurring cardiovascular disorders, with a significant amount of the scientific evidence relating to interventions and guidelines that aid in the proper treatment of patients with one or both of these disorders. The introduction of rhythm and rate control protocols in the guidelines has underscored the importance of sinus rhythm and heart rate monitoring in the prevention of deleterious disorders among other common treatments of both AF and HF. The new recommendations, as well as published randomized trials and reports, haven't found that rhythm control techniques are more effective than the rate control strategies in terms of survival, all-cause mortality, hospitalization rates, and quality of life.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina58060743


How to Optimize Cardioversion of Atrial Fibrillation.

Cardioversion is an integral part of a rhythm control scheme in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Based on observational results, the success rate of CV is expected to be best at 12-48 hours after the onset of arrhythmic symptoms, in comparison to a lower success rate of u22488 percent in later elective CV. Early AF recurrences are also less frequent after acute CV improvement than later elective CV. The risk of thromboembolic complications in CV has limited. However, during therapeutic anticoagulation, each elective CV raises the chance of stroke 4-fold in the first month after the procedure, relative to acute CV or avoiding CV. To avoid the risks of futile CVs, the likelihood of early treatment failure and antiarrhythmic treatment options should be determined before going to CV.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11123372


Reaching Frail Elderly Patients to Optimize Diagnosis and Management of Atrial Fibrillation (REAFEL): A Feasibility Study of a Cross-Sectoral Shared-Care Model.

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation control in primary care often requires a referral to cardiology clinics, which can be difficult for frail patients. Using a slim Holter monitor, general practitioners can access remote assistance from the cardiologist via email. The aim: To determine the commodity and acceptability of the CS model in treating suspected AF in frail elderly patients. Result: 34 patients were consulted through the CS system between MAR-2019 and FEB-2020, of whom 35 underwent C3 Holter testing. With the CS model, the time from referral to a final Holter study was reduced from a mean of 117 days in typical care to 30 days. In addition, 90% of the patients did not have to attend visits at the cardiology clinic, which was not necessary. The GPs and nurses highlighted the simplicity with which the C3 monitor could be used. The CS model using a C3 monitor for AF is both feasible and acceptable to GPs, according to the CS model.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127383


Association of Hyperuricemia with Impaired Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Preserved Kidney Function: Analysis of the POL-AF Registry Cohort.

We received 829 patients with reports on serum uric acid and estimated glomerular filtration rate at u2265-60 mL/min/1. 73 m2. We found that UA and the ejection fraction were closely related, but not EF and eGFR or eGFR and UA. We discovered that only diuretics were used more often in patients with elevated UA than in patients with low UA. We found that reduced EF was associated with UA in patients with AF and normal renal function, regardless of eGFR and diuretic use.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127288


Development and Validation of a Novel Score for Predicting Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Following acute ischemic stroke, we developed and validated a risk score for identifying patients at risk of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In the Chang Gung Research Database, a total of 633 patients with AIS who underwent 24 h Holter monitoring were identified. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis used to design the pAF prediction model, there were five290 people with pAF and without AF among the identified patients. The ABCD-SD score could help physicians in determining patients with AIS at risk of pAF for enhanced cardiac surveillance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19127277

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions