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Familial hypercholesterolemia is an inherited condition that is characterized by elevated blood cholesterol levels. The body is unable to get rid of excess cholesterol in people with familial hypercholesterolemia, and it builds up in the blood. A person's risk of experiencing heart disease rises as a result of excessive cholesterol. People with familial hypercholesterolemia are at a high risk of experiencing coronary artery disease at a young age. This condition occurs when excess cholesterol in the bloodstream is deposited on the inner walls of blood vessels, particularly the arteries that supply blood to the heart. The accumulation of plaques in coronary arteries leads to angina-type chest pain and greatly raises the risk of experiencing a heart attack. Hypercholesterolemia can also cause health problems related to excess cholesterol accumulation in tissues other than the heart and blood vessels.
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