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Amino Acid - Wiley Online Library

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Last Updated: 10 May 2022

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Potentiation of soybean resistance against Phakopsora pachyrhizi infection using phosphite combined with free amino acids

This research looked at the possibility of using phosphite and L-free amino acids in soybean plants to improve defense responses against P. pachyrhizi infection, considering the significance of Asian soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi infection. The pattern of gene expression for IR stimulus plants was strikingly similar, but in ASM-sprayed and infected plants, it was often more impressive than that in ASM-sprayed and infected plants. P. pachyrhizi infection, a common cause of these results, highlighting the possibility of implementing a well-tuned and effective defensive strategy in soybean plants.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppa.13582


Protein restriction and branched‐chain amino acid restriction promote geroprotective shifts in metabolism

Recent studies has shown that a calorie is not simply a calorie, and that low protein diets are linked to reduced mortality in humans and improved metabolic health, and extended lifespan in rodents. Many of the benefits of protein restriction on metabolism and aging are due to reduced intake of the three branched chain amino acids, leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Our findings show that protein quality—the specifics of dietary protein—has long been underestimated source of metabolic dysfunction, and that lowering dietary BCAAs can be a promising new way to delay and prevent aging-related diseases.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acel.13626


Effects of Drying Methods on Color, Amino Acids, Phenolic Profile, Microstructure, and Volatile Aroma Components of Boletus aereus slices

The study will look at the effects of hot air drying at 60°C80°C, microwave pretreatment with HD, ultrasound pretreatment combined with HD, and vacuum freeze drying on Boletus aereus slices. In Boletus aereus slices, fifteen amino acids were found, and HD60 showed a higher percentage of total amino acids than other drying techniques. Moreover, the cell structure of Boletus aereus slices was damaged after drying, and FD had a more porous structure than other drying techniques.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ijfs.15825


Efficient cell factories for the production of N‐methylated amino acids and for methanol‐based amino acid production

Summary The growing world needs commodity amino acids such as Lglutamate and Llysine for use as food and feed, as well as specialty amino acids for niche applications. The use of resilient and inexpensive raw materials, on the one hand, is absolutely essential to maintain low production cost and minimize adverse effects of sugar-based feedstock on soil health and food security, which are caused by competing uses of crops in the feed and food industries.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1751-7915.14067


Breeding for improved protein fractions and free amino acids concentration in bovine milk

Hence, an insufficient number of phenotypic studies can impede genetic progress in these traits in dairy cow breeding programs. The aim of the current research was to determine the chances for breeding for improved milk protein and free amino acid composition by exploiting mid-infrared spectroscopy results routinely collected from milk samples. Hence, heritability of MIRS-predicted FAA varied from 0. 19 to 0. 55 percent, with glycine's 0. 08 for glutamic acid. The results of the new analysis show that exploitable genetic variation exists in dairy cow milk for both protein fractions and FAA.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jbg.12681


Recovery of amino acids and peptides from pig bone soup using thermal pre‐treatment and enzymatic hydrolysis

We optimized the hydrolyzing process of the bone soup using three commercial enzymes in this study. At the optimal conditions, Alcalase hydrolysis achieved the highest soluble protein recovery rate of 70%, with a maximum water temperature of 56. 2 degrees, hydrolysis time of 138 min, and an E/S ratio of 2. 3%. The Alcalase hydrolysate had a maximum molecular weight of 532 Da.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jfpp.16700


Overexpression of cytoplasmic C4 Flaveria bidentis carbonic anhydrase in C3 Arabidopsis thaliana increases amino acids, photosynthetic potential, and biomass

Transferring effective C4 characters to C3 crops, such as rice and wheat, is an effective way to raise photosynthesis in C3 crops, such as rice and wheat. Overexpression of CA resulted in a better supply of endogenous phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase in the overexpressers' cytosol, as well as an increased capacity for generating malate that feeds into the tricarboxylic acid cycle. Also, expression of Fb-CA3 in Arabidopsis led to a better rise as a result of the expression of several genes resulting in increased chlorophyll content, electron transport, and photosynthetic carbon assimilation in the transformants. Increased sugar and starch content, as well as plant dry weight as a result of enhanced CO2 assimilation. These findings, taken together, show that expression of C4 CA in the cytosol of a C3 plant can increase its photosynthetic capacity with improved water use effectiveness.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pbi.13830


Untargeted metabolomics identifies the potential role of monocarboxylate transporter 6 (MCT6/SLC16A5) in lipid and amino acid metabolism pathways

MCT6's previous transcriptomic and proteomic studies in Mct6 knockout mice showed that MCT6 could play a role in lipid and glucose homeostasis, but more research is required. Using untargeted metabolomic analysis in Mct6 KO mice, the aim of this research was to further investigate the effect of MCT6 on metabolic function. The plasma from male and female mice and livers from male mice was submitted for global metabolomics analysis to determine the relative changes in endogenous small molecules across the liver and systemic circulation associated with Mct6 deficiency. Male Mct6 KO mice's liver and plasma samples were enriched with lipid diacylglycerol and elevated fatty acid metabolism levels. In plasma samples of male and female Mct6 KO mice, a significant decrease of N-terminal acetylated amino acids was discovered.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/prp2.944


Nitrate fertilization may delay autumn leaf senescence, while amino acid treatments do not

However, the mechanism that underpins N fertilization's winter survival is not well understood, and it is uncertain how N levels or patterns modulate autumn senescence. We conducted fertilization experiments and found that treating Populus saplings with inorganic nitrogen resulted in a delay in senescence. In addition, we found that delay in fall senescence was caused by the introduction of solutes into the xylem stream of Populus trees in their natural environment: amino acids delayed senescence, but amino acids did not. We suggest that different control of C and N status through direct molecular signaling of NO3 and/or different allocation of N among tree parts based on N forms may explain the contrasting effects of NO3 and tested here amino acids on autumn senescence.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppl.13690


Impact of growing conditions on proximate, mineral, phenolic composition, amino acid profile, and antioxidant properties of black gram, mung bean, and chickpea microgreens

For example, the yield, moisture, ash content, and protein content of microbios extract powder varied from 7. 3 percent to 89%, 51. 07%–60. 41%, respectively. The phenolic acids and flavonoids were more prevalent in soil-grown MEP, while CNS grown had high AAs. The soil-grown chickpea MEP had the most AC, TCC, minerals, TPC, TFC, TFP, and TAA, while the CNS-grown mung bean MEP had abundant AAs.

Source link: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jfpp.16655

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions