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Albumin - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 09 August 2022

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Combined Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, Fibrinogen, and Albumin (MF-A) Is a Novel Prognostic Marker in Patients with Resectable Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Background The aim was to routinely select blood markers that are consistently tested in clinical studies and are therefore able to diagnose prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing esophagectomy. Methods We selected the right blood markers for prognostic stratification from 60 candidates in a clinical cohort of 1819 consecutive patients with resectable ESCC in China. According to the MF-A rating, three risk groups were developed based on the MF-A score, including low-, moderate-, and high-risk groups. Patients in the low-risk group, those in the moderate-risk group, and high-risk groups were at an elevated risk of death in comparison to patients in the low-risk group, those in the moderate-risk group, and high-risk groups were at a greater risk of death. OS also became trending to be much worse as the MF-A score increased within each TNM stage grouping. Conclusions u201cMF-Au201d is a novel independent predictor that can be used to determine and stratify prognosis for ESCC patients undergoing esophagectomy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1245/s10434-022-11415-5


Analysis of Foaming Properties of Mango Pulp for Foam-mat Drying: Impact of Egg Albumin Concentration and Whipping Time

The effect of egg albumin content and whipping time on mango pulp's foaming characteristics was investigated in this research. The egg albumin concentrations of 5, 10, 15, and 20% were mixed with mango pulp and then whipped using an electric hand blender at a maximum speed of 1200 rpm. The foam volume, foam stability, and foam porosity increased sharply, according to the study, although decreased foam density with increased egg albumin levels increased dramatically. At 15% egg albumin concentration at a whipping time of ten minutes, the result revealed maximum foam expansion, highest foam stability, minimum foam density, optimal foam porosity, and viscosity at 15% egg albumin concentration at a whipping time of ten minutes as required for foam-mat drying. At a whipping speed of ten minutes, the foams displayed a high number of bubbles at 15% egg albumin.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40030-022-00661-1


High fibrinogen-albumin ratio index (FARI) predicts poor survival in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with surgical resection

Purpose of the current research The aim of the present study was to determine the predictive value of the fibrinogen/albumin ratio index, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio on patients with operable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, according to the authors. Methods An integrated group of 155 operable HNSCC patients was accepted. The patients'u2019 electronic medical record was used to extract laboratory and clinical information from the patients'u2019 electronic medical record. The optimal cut-off values were established by receiver operating characteristic curves analysis, determining the most desirable cut-off values. Univariate and multivariate analyses using the Cox hazards regression method evaluated prognostic risk. An elevated level of NLR was associated with later T stages, later N stages, and more advanced clinical stages. According to the multivariate Cox regression study, FARI, NLR, and N stage were independent prognostic factors for PFS and OS. Conclusions FARI and NLR are both safe and convenient tools for predicting prognosis in operable HNSCC patients, according to our results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-022-07391-x


Lymphocyte to monocyte ratio and serum albumin changes predict tacrolimus therapy outcomes in patients with ulcerative colitis

In some patients, ulcerative colitis therapy with Tacrolimus is ineffective, but these patients do require biologics or colectomy. Patients with ulcerative colitis treated with tacrolimus were divided into non-failure and failure groups. The best cut-off value of the week 2/week 1 albumin ratio was 1. 06, according to the receiver's operating characteristic curve review, and the area under the curve was 0. 815. The week 1 lymphocyte to monocyte ratio showed a significant difference between group groups in the leukocyte to monocyte ratio. The u2264 1. 06 and week 1 lymphocyte to monocyte ratio u2264 3. 86, according to a multivariate analysis, week 2 albumin ratio was u2264 1. 06 and week 1 lymphocyte to monocyte ratio u2264 3. 86.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-17763-2


Preoperative aspartate aminotransferase to albumin ratio correlates with tumor characteristics and predicts outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma patients after curative hepatectomy: a multicenter study

Methods From five hospitals, a total of 991 patients with HCC between December 2014 and December 2019 were included in the primary cohort and 883 patients with HCC admitted between December 2010 and December 2014 were included in the validation cohort.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12893-022-01751-4


Albumin infusion in hospitalized patients with acute heart failure: a retrospective cohort study

However, the effects of exogenous albumin supplementation on AHF patients's fatality rate have yet to be established. According, the current report sought to investigate the effects of albumin injections on AHF patients's mortality rate. To compare outcomes between patients treated with albumin and those who were not based on the propensity score, an inverse probability-weighted multivariable Cox model was used to compare results between patients based on the propensity score and those that were not. 382 patients hospitalized in our hospital with acute decompensated heart disease between January 2017 and 2021 were excluded, 337 were administered albumin, and 711 were not among the 422 patients hospitalized between 1 January 2017 and February 2021. Patients treated with albumin had a lower serum albumin level at baseline in comparison to those who were not treated with albumin. Patients with AHF need randomized controlled trials of albumin administration, therefore, for patients with AHF.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-022-02797-1


Pharmacokinetic parameter driven outcomes model predicts a reduction in bleeding events associated with BAY 81–8973 versus antihemophilic factor (recombinant) plasma/albumin-free method in a Chinese healthcare setting

Background Long-Term prophylactic therapy is regarded as the gold standard of care for hemophilia A patients. Using a pharmacokinetic simulation framework in a Chinese population, this report examines the long-term health and cost results of two factor VIII products on a long-term basis. Methods: BAY 81 8973 and antihemophilic factor plasma/albumin-free were added to a two-state Markov model to simulate blood FVIII concentrations in a healthy state of hemophilia A patients with hemophilia A. Results Cumulative bleeding events, joint bleeding activities, and major bleeding activities for BAY 81u20138973 decreased by 19. 3% when compared to rAHF-PFM. Conclusion based on a randomized comparison of PK-properties between BAY 81u20138973 and rAHF-PFM result in a reduced number of bleeding events, reduced costs, and improved quality of life for BAY 81. 20138973. These findings can be used to guide clinical practice in China caring for patients with acute hemophilia A.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-022-01659-w


Folic Acid-Conjugated Iron Oxide Magnetic Nanoparticles Based on Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) for Targeted Delivery of Curcumin to Suppress Liver Cancer Cells

In vitro, magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles coated with bovine serum albumin and folic acid were synthesized and tested as carriers to provide curcumin to the cells, as well as its anti-cancer effects on liver cancer cells. Nanoparticles penetrate the cell at a high rate, according to the results of nanostructure cell uptake using flow cytometry. MTT and cell apoptosis cell apoptosis therapy revealed that treating with this nanostructure reduced cell survival and induced apoptosis in HepG2 cancer cells. Conclusions Folic acid-conjugated iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles stabilized by BSA were pleasantly synthesized and demonstrated good loading and release efficiency for delivery of curcumin to the target liver cancer cells. Folic acid conjugation enhanced the liver cancer cell characteristics' inhibition. In vitro, the nanoparticles were shown to have excellent cell adhesion properties and were shown to dramatically inhibit HepG2 cancer cells.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42250-022-00425-1


Chronological change in serum albumin as a prognostic factor in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with lenvatinib: proposal of albumin simplified grading based on the modified albumin–bilirubin score (ALBS grade)

Background The albumin'u2013bilirubin score and the modified ALBI score are both established diagnostic indicators for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with lenvatinib. Conclusions The results of the Cox proportional hazard models showed that the overall survival of patients with LEN-HCC was not related to total bilirubin but albumin, indicating that the prediction with Alb alone was logical.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00535-022-01883-7


Association of Maternal Serum Ischemia Modified Albumin (IMA) with Placental Histopathological Changes and Fetomaternal Outcome: A Prospective Case Control Study in Normotensive and Pre-eclamptic Women

Perinatology asphyxia in birth is a new area of concern and needs more research. Role of IMA in birth asphyxia in perinatology is a new area and needs to be investigated. The case group consisted of 40 pre-eclamptic pregnant women and a control group of 40 normotensive pregnant women. In two groups, the comparison and comparison of maternal serum IMA measurements with fetus maternal outcome, as well as the number and types of placental histopathological changes were done. Preeclampsia group mean serum IMA was notably higher than the normotensive group, according to the normotensive group. 94. 5 IU/ml is the optimum cut off value of IMA to find a case. The women with raised IMA levels were pre-eclamptic, with 83. 8% of the women with raised IMA scores being pre-eclamptic. Raised IMA results were strongly correlated with higher risk of PTVD, birth weight u2264 2 kg, and hypoxic histological lesions of chorangiosis, intervillous fibrin, and hyalinization. Conclusion The determination of maternal serum IMA levels early in pregnancy can predict preeclampsia and prevent future severe preeclampsia related problems.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13224-021-01614-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions