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Albumin - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 09 August 2022

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Impact of pre-treatment prognostic nutritional index and the haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte and platelet (HALP) score on endometrial cancer survival: A prospective database analysis.

Purpose The Onodera's prognostic nutritional index and the haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet score are two dietary indices that correlate with survival outcomes in several adult solid malignancies. This research sought to see if PNI and HALP are related to survival rates in endometrial cancer. Patients and methods Women with endometrial cancer treatment were invited to a single centre prospective cohort study. Pre-treatment PNI and HALP scores were calculated for study participants and analyzed as continuous variables, with some selecting cut-off values based on previous studies. PNI and HALP's adjusted mortality hazard ratios were 0. 97 and 0. 99 respectively, according to their continuous variables. According to those without PNI 45, women with PNI-treatment PNI u226545 had a 45% decrease in both overall and cancer-specific mortality risk. There was no evidence for a PNI-effect on recurrence-free survival.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272232


Extended plasma half-life of albumin-binding domain fused human IgA upon pH-dependent albumin engagement of human FcRn in vitro and in vivo

As FcRn acts as the main regulator of albumin's half-life, the ABD-albumin interaction is not necessary for such configuration as the ABD-albumin reaction does not interfere with pH-dependent binding of albumin to the human neonatal Fc receptor. Also, there's a need to know how ABDs function within the context of merger partners and human FcRn. In vitro and in vivo systems harboring human FcRn, we investigated the binding and transport properties of human immunoglobulin A1, fused to a Streptococcus protein G-derived engineered ABD. In human FcRn transgenic mice, IgA1-ABD in complicated with human albumin, extended half-life by 4-6fold relative to unmodified IgA1, where the light chain fusion displayed the longest half-life.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/19420862.2021.1893888


The Effect of Adding Job’s Tears to Yogurt on Plasma Glycated Albumin, Weight, and Lipid Profile in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial

However, studies on Job's tears on lipid profile and glycated albumin are still rare. This research was designed to investigate the effect of Job's tears in conjunction with probiotics on the lipid profile and GA concentration of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into two groups in this double-blind 12-week study. The first group enjoyed yogurt alone, while the second consumed yogurt with Jobu2019s tears every day. Metformin users were distributed equally among the two groups. There was also no change in weight, BMI, or plasma GA. Yogurt, combined with Jobu2019s tears and yogurt reduced cholesterol and LDL, as well as raised HDL within the groups. However, HDL levels in patients with Jobu2019s tears were significantly higher than yogurt alone. HDL was more improved than yogurt alone because of Jobu2019s weeping and yogurt.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1876731


Pharmacokinetic parameter driven outcomes model predicts a reduction in bleeding events associated with BAY 81–8973 versus antihemophilic factor (recombinant) plasma/albumin-free method in a Chinese healthcare setting

Background of Hemophilia A patients Long-term prophylactic therapy is considered the gold standard of care for hemophilia A patients. This report reports the long-term health and cost results of two factor VIII products in a Chinese population using a pharmacokinetic simulation scheme. Methods a two-state Markov model was used to simulate blood FVIII concentrations in a stable state with hemophilia A. According to the rAHF-PFM, cumulative bleeding events, joint bleeding cases, and major bleeding events for BAY 81u20138973 were reduced by 19. 3% for BAY 81u20138973. Conclusion based on simulated head-to-head comparisons and variations in PK-properties between BAY 81u20138973 and rAHF-PFM result in a reduced number of bleeding cases, contributing to reduced costs and improved quality of life for BAY 81u20138973.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12874-022-01659-w


C-reactive protein (CRP)/albumin-to-globulin ratio (AGR) is a valuable test for diagnosing periprosthetic joint infection: a single-center retrospective study

Abstract Background The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection is a challenge for physicians, and many clinical settings are too complicated and expensive. One hundred sixty-four patients who underwent total knee or total hip replacements were registered, 47 in a PJI group and 117 in an aseptic failure group. Patients with PJI were significantly higher in serum biomarkers. CRP/AGR did the best in diagnosing PJI, according to CRP/AGR's survey, with an area under curve value of 0. 902, and the AUCs of NLR, PLR, PVR, GLB, and AGR were all lower than those for CRP and ESR, while CRP/AGR performed better in diagnosing PJI.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s10195-022-00657-4


C-reactive protein/albumin ratio and Glasgow prognostic score are associated with prognosis and infiltration of Foxp3+ or CD3+ lymphocytes in colorectal liver metastasis

Abstract Background In several cancer types, inflammation indices and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes have prognostic value. This study was designed to determine the prognostic value of inflammatory indices and determine their association with disease and presence of TILs in patients with colorectal liver metastasis. Methods of Evaluation of 117 patients who underwent hepatectomy for CRLM were retrospectively reviewed. As per the log-rank test, patients with low CAR values and poor GPS had significantly improved overall health. In addition, Foxp3+ lymphocytes were more present in samples from patients with a low CAR compared to other inflammatory lymphocytes. In addition, the number of CD3+ TILs in patients with poor GPS was significantly higher in patients with a low GPS. Conclusions The CAR and GPS are simple, cheap, and specific tools used to predict survival in patients with CRLM. Moreover, they can tell the presence of Foxp3+ and CD3+ lymphocytes in the tumor's invasive margin.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-022-09842-4


Albumin infusion in hospitalized patients with acute heart failure: a retrospective cohort study

Abstract Background The heart disease is often associated with hypoalbuminemia and poor prognosis. To improve osmotic pressure and haemodynamics, acute heart failure patients are often treated with intravenous albumin. However, the effects of exogenous albumin supplementation on the fatality rate in AHF patients have yet to be established. Hence, the current research sought to investigate the effects of albumin injections on AHF patients's mortality rate. To compare outcomes between patients treated with albumin and those who were not based on the propensity score, an inverse probability-weighted multivariable Cox model was used to compare outcomes between patients treated with albumin and those who were not based on the propensity score. Patients receiving albumin exhibited a lower serum albumin level at baseline in comparison to those who were not treated with albumin. Patients with AHF therefore need randomized controlled trials of albumin administration.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-022-02797-1


Impact of pre-treatment prognostic nutritional index and the haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte and platelet (HALP) score on endometrial cancer survival: A prospective database analysis

Purpose: Onodera's prognostic nutritional index and the haemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet score are immune indices that correlate with survival rates in several adult solid malignancies. This review sought to determine if PNI and HALP were related to survival rates in endometrial cancer. Patients and methods Women undergoing endometrial cancer therapy were recruited to a single center prospective cohort study. The study participants' PNI and HALP scores were calculated and analyzed as continuous variables and as cut-off values based on previous publications. PNI and HALP's adjusted overall mortality risk ratios were 0. 97 and 0. 99, respectively. Compared to those with PNI 45, women with PNI pre-treatment PNI u226545 had a 5 percent decline in both overall and cancer-specific mortality risk, as well as those with PNI 45. Conclusion PNI is an independent prognostic factor in endometrial cancer, and it can be used to improve pre-operative risk assessment.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/dcc4328f0acc4f6fa66524adff4d9079


Characterization of 2S albumin allergenic proteins for anaphylaxis in common buckwheat

Following anaphylaxis after the consumption of buckwheat in allergic people, a sterolamide is responsible for anaphylaxis. The g11/g28 were more processed to a u223c8 kDa band from a 16 kDa band than a g14 in seeds, and I'm sure that they are more closely related to Fag e 8kDa's. Modification of g13 and domain exchange between g13 and g14 showed that the hydrophobicity of the first domain and the presence of some amino acids in g13 contributed to the lower apparent molecular weight of g13 than expected, at least in part.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fochms.2022.100127


Textured soybean protein improved level of glycated albumin, LDL–Cholesterol, and protein intake in prediabetes postmenopausal overweight women

Soybean-based food is considered as a plant-alternative for plant-based protein and has the ability to slow global warming rates. This study is intended to determine the effect of Textured Soybean Protein on the level of Glycated Albumin and lipid profiles in overweight postmenopausal women. Methods: Two groups of research were controlled by two groups: the intervention group was given TSP with 30 grams protein and a control group were given a 21-day course. Each group consists of 26 postmenopausal women with a fasting blood sugar level of 120 mg/dL, according to the guidelines of overweight. TSP also increased the protein intake of 18. 1% by 18. 1%.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3934/agrfood.2022021

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions