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Air Pollution - PLOS

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Last Updated: 10 March 2022

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Air pollution and individuals’ mental well-being in the adult population in United Kingdom: A spatial-temporal longitudinal study and the moderating effect of ethnicity

This report investigates the effect of air pollution on reported mental stability in the United Kingdom using spatial-temporal longitudinal analysis and estimates the moderating effect of ethnicity. Using multilevel mixed-effect logit models, the relationship between air pollution and mental stability, as well as changes as a result of ethnicity and being non-UK born was investigated. Decomposing air pollution into spatial-temporal relationships revealed significant differences between, but not within effects; therefore, living in more polluted local authority/LSOAs had a greater effect on poor mental stability and lower air pollution variability across time in each geographical region than the air pollution variations within time. Compared to British-white and natives, rising risks of poor mental stability were associated with increasing amounts of SO2, PM10, and PM2. 5, only for Pakistani/Bangladeshi, other-ethnicities, and non-UK residents compared to British-white and natives, but not for other ethnic groups. Environmental steps to curb air pollution can eventually improve people's mental stability.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0264394

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