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Air Pollution - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 08 August 2022

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Air Pollution Index Prediction: A Machine Learning Approach

Many research and innovation are being carried out in order to produce fresh and clean air, but the first and most significant step in this process is the measurement and monitoring of air pollution levels. We have developed three new machine learning models LightGBM, GBM, and random forest to compare them on the basis of 21 key physical parameters such as humidity, temperature, traffic volume, and road quantity for determining the AQI value and dependence on determining the AQI value in this paper.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0108-9_5


Performance Analysis of Resistive Based Environmental Sensors on Air Pollution Monitoring: A Brief Review

This review explores mainly on the numerous methods and manufacturing techniques used in the manufacturing of environmental sensors, as well as key sensor quality characteristics. This paper explores the present state of various materials that are used in the manufacture of resistive based sensor systems to detect hazardous gases such as Carbon monoxide, Ammonia, etc. We also investigated various growth methods of Two dimensional thin films, as well as the sensing device of resistive based environmental sensors.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-1862-9_61


Biosensors: Remediation Tool for Indoor Air Pollution

Compared to outdoors, the overwhelming majority of people spend a lot of time indoors today than outdoors. Indoor air quality is often poor or even worse than outdoor air quality in recent years. To minimize the effects of indoor air pollution on health and the planet, there is a need for establishing rapid, cost-effective, and sensitive technology that can detect these pollutants and aids in remediation. This paper provides an overview of the current status of various types of biosensors designed for indoor air pollution as well as the future of biosensor technologies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2468-2_31


Analyzing the Impact of Nationwide Lockdown on Air Pollution Levels in Indian Cities—And What We Can Learn from It

Indian cities rank among the world's most polluted cities, with Delhi ranked as one of the world's most polluted cities, with Delhi ranked first. For a period of 2016–u20132020, we have analyzed the prevalence of individual air contaminant species in the months in which lockdown occurred and comparing them with comparable results from previous years. Our reports show that air pollution in major Indian cities is mostly anthropogenic, and that when such activities came to a halt, air quality improved. To combat air pollution in cities like Delhi, where surrounding areas also contribute to the city's pollution, it is imperative to take an airshed approach.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-2065-3_10


Ambient Air Pollution and Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: An Updated Scoping Review

To review and discuss recent findings on the relationship between pediatric/early-life exposures to ambient air pollution and the risk of pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease. After screening, we found nine papers with information on air pollution as a risk factor for IBD, but only four epidemiological studies specifically investigated the connection between air pollution and IBD development in children and young adults. These four studies show that air pollution components have different relationships with pediatric IBD risk. Despite strong scientific justification and some studies, the evidence pointing to the role that air pollution plays in IBD formation is limited, highlighting the need for further investigation. Future studies should include the epidemiology of air pollutants and its sources, identifying and evaluating mechanisms connecting air pollution and pIBD, as well as identifying biological responses to air pollutants.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-022-07597-3


A Spatiotemporal Analytical Outlook of the Exposure to Air Pollution and COVID-19 Mortality in the USA

Several studies are presenting preliminary results showing that short- and long-term exposure to air pollution may increase the severity of COVID-19-related illnesses, as well as a higher risk of death. For several socioeconomic and environmental variables, we develop a spatiotemporal map to determine the connection between exposure to fine particulate matter PM2. 5 and mortality accounting for a variety of socioeconomic and environmental factors in this report. Our aim is to determine the relationship between air pollution and mortality monitoring for the spatiotemporal variability that was otherwise unexplained by the measured confounders. With weekly reports available for every county within each region, we extended our model to four regions of the United States. Because each region has a unique disease outbreak pattern, we analyze the results separately for each region. Long-term exposure to PM2. 5 and the mortality from the COVID-19 disease in all four regions was found to be correlated with all four regions, with three of four regions being statistically significant.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13253-022-00487-1


Physical activity attenuates the association between household air pollution and health-related quality of life in Chinese rural population: the Henan Rural Cohort Study

Background and purpose Limited research on the relationship between household air pollution and health-related quality of life (according to a limited extent). HAP was determined by fuel type, cooking duration, and kitchen ventilation; HRQoL was determined by the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level Scale; physical activity was measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire based on structured questionnaires; HAP was assessed by crude type, cooking duration, and ventilation; and vehicle ventilation; HAP was assessed by using a questionnaire; In low, moderate, and high physical fitness groups, respectively, the decrease in utility index for solid fuel users versus clean fuel users was 0. 06 [95%confidence interval 003, 0. 08], 0. 03 and 0. 02], respectively, which decreased with increased physical activity levels vs. clean fuel users. In studies of kitchen ventilation, utility index, and VAS score, similar findings were found. Trail registration Henan Rural Cohort Study has been approved by the Chinese Clinical Trial Register for the Henan Rural Cohort Study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-022-03195-y


How does urban air pollution affect China’s inbound tourism?

This paper explores how air pollution affects China's inbound tourism, according to PSM-DID methodology, with reports from 285 prefecture-level cities in China from 1999 to 2017. The results of the heterogeneity test reveal that air pollution affects inbound tourism to a significantly lesser extent in provincial administrative centers and cities with higher educational resources than those in other cities; cities with greater air purification capabilities also have a less negative effect on inbound tourism. Further estimates based on the PSM-DID framework reveal that measures to create star-rated tourist attractions and expand the tourism industry inbound visitors and contribute to the growth of inbound tourism.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-022-04450-y


Heterogeneous impact of eco-innovation on premature deaths resulting from indoor and outdoor air pollution: empirical evidence from EU29 countries

Environmental innovations play a vital role in reducing air pollution and the number of pollution-related deaths. The role of eco-innovations in environmental quality has been explored by the majority of the recent reports. However, no research has looked at the effects of eco-innovation on air pollution as a cause of mortality, to our knowledge. This study examines the impact of eco-innovations on premature deaths in twenty-nine European countries from 1995 to 2019. Also, the effect of eco-innovations on lowering mortality due to indoor pollution is more significant than that relating to outdoor pollution. All variables, including eco-innovation and CO_2 emissions, have a bidirectional causal link with indoor and outdoor mortality due to air pollution, according to the findings of the Dumitrescu-Hurlin causality study.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-22423-z


Long-term air pollution levels modify the relationships between short-term exposure to meteorological factors, air pollution and the incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease in children: a DLNM-based multicity time series study in Sichuan Province, China

However, it is also unknown if long-term air pollution levels influence the short-term effects of HFMD incidence with meteorological factors and air pollution. At high SO_2 concentrations, the relationship between relative humidity and HFMD incidence was weakened, particularly when the relative humidity was below the median level. In the 10th percentile of SO_2 and 0. 41, the minimum relative humidity was 0. 77 in comparison to the median relative humidity. Conclusions Our findings indicated that long-term SO_2 and CO levels improved the short-term correlations between HFMD incidence in children and meteorological variables. These results may help health authorities implement targeted public health measures such as reducing ambient air pollution and reinforcing self-protective steps to minimize the adverse health effects of environmental causes on HFMD incidence.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13890-7

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions