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Air Pollution - PLOS

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Last Updated: 08 August 2022

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Impact of prenatal maternal psychological distress on fetal biometric parameters in household air pollution-exposed Nigerian women

Rationale: Prenatal household air pollution exposure and maternal psychological distress were reported as independent causes contributing to gestational ill-health and adverse birth outcomes, according to the study. Objective: We investigated the effect of PMPD on fetal biometric characteristics in pregnant N. . . . ian women who were HAP-exposed. Methods: The randomized controlled trial looked at the effects of HAP exposure in pregnant N. . . . ian women, who routinely cooked with polluting fuels. During the investigation, half of the women were given CleanCook ethanol stoves to use for 156 days. We analyzed correlations between the women's exposure to PM2'u00b75 from HAP, their PMPD scores, and FBP, as well as birth anthropometric data using mixed effects linear regression models, adjusted for relevant covariates. No significant association was found between PM2. 5 exposure and PMPD scores, although PM2. 5 exposure and PMPD scores were not related. From public health viewpoints, formulating preventative steps to reduce maternal anxiety during pregnancy and reducing exposure to HAP is important.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272053


Association of air pollution and 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction

However, there are no studies on AP's long-term major medical outcomes of AMI patients. This study was designed to determine the clinical consequences of ambient AP concentration on AMI patients' short-term and 1-year clinical outcomes. Results: The annual average of air pollutants before symptom date and all-cause deaths up to 30 days was 1. 084, with particulate matter with diameter of 10 microns or less per billion increased was 1. 011. Conclusion: A higher AP concentration in certain air pollutants was an environmental risk factor for poor prognosis in AMI patients up to one year. AMI patients and high-risk individuals with high AP levels must be screened or avoided.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272328

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions