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Air Pollution - Europe PMC

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Last Updated: 08 August 2022

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A pilot study on the lung morphology of shelter dogs in relation to air pollution in Trinidad.

The Trinidad and Tobago Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals' 56 fresh lungs were obtained from already euthanized adult dogs collected from various locations in Trinidad. Anthracosis dogs had higher median lesion scores than dogs without anthracosis. In this study, there was no correlation between anthracosis and any other lesion. Clinical relevance There was evidence that dogs with anthracosis had a higher incidence of nonspecific lung histological lesions. Our results show that indoor air pollution may also have an effect on human health, using the dog as a sentinel model for human exposure in Trinidad. To minimize air pollution in the region, it is vital for the public to be aware of air pollution, and Trinidad and Tobago's government should establish an awareness campaign alongside veterinary and human epidemiologists to minimize air pollution in the region.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35930626


Heterogeneous impact of eco-innovation on premature deaths resulting from indoor and outdoor air pollution: empirical evidence from EU29 countries.

Environmental innovations play a significant role in lowering air pollution and the number of pollution-related deaths. The majority of the new studies have investigated the role of eco-innovations in environmental sustainability. This study investigates the impact of eco-innovations on premature deaths from indoor and outdoor air pollution in twenty-nine European countries from 1995 to 2019. For this purpose, this paper examines the effect of eco-innovations on premature deaths in twenty-nine European countries from 1995 to 2019. Also, the effect of eco-innovations on reducing mortality due to indoor pollution reduction is more significant than that related to outdoor pollution. Eco-innovation, economic growth, renewable energy use, and urbanization all reduced premature mortality indoors and out, but CO2 pollution increased this mortality. All variables, including eco-innovation and CO 2 pollution, have a bidirectional causal correlation with indoor and outdoor mortality due to air pollution, according to the results of the Dumitrescu-Hurlin causality study.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35930155


The prenatal and postnatal effects of air pollution on asthma in children with atopic dermatitis.

Objectives Air pollution is strongly linked to asthma, but no one has been able to promote new-onset asthma in children with atopic dermatitis. Patient samples of patients with eczema or AD between 2009 and 2019 were extracted from the multicenter Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital Research Database, according to the study's authorship. The asthma group and patients without asthma history were the non-asthma group. Patients with new-onset asthma were diagnosed as new-onset asthma were the asthma patients, while asthma patients without asthma history were the non-asthma group. Prenatal exposure to PM 2. 5, NO. 2, and NO. 2 influenced patients with IgE above 100 IU/mL and ECP less than 24 ng/mL, and those with an eosinophil count > 3%, among other things, was significantly influenced by prenatal exposure to PM 2. 5, especially CO. Conclusions: In AD patients, prenatal and postnatal exposure to air pollution has been correlated with asthma development.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35927981


On the frontlines : An exploratory analysis of unequal exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 in the United States.

Poor air quality has been attributed to increased COVID-19 findings in recent studies. Using county level data for the United States from the first wave of the pandemic in 2020, we investigate whether air quality and COVID-19 findings can account for some of the observed disparities in COVID-19 outcomes among minorities.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35927667


Long-term air pollution levels modify the relationships between short-term exposure to meteorological factors, air pollution and the incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease in children: a DLNM-based multicity time series study in Sichuan Province, China.

However, it is also unknown if long-term air pollution levels influence the short-term effects of HFMD incidence with meteorological causes and air pollution. Conclusions We found that long-term SO2 and CO concentrations had significant influence on the short-term correlations between climatic variables and HFMD incidence. In the 90th percentile of SO2 and 0. 41 in the 10th percentile of SO2, the minimum relative humidity was 0. 77 in comparison to the median relative humidity. Conclusions Our results showed that long-term SO 2 and CO levels modified the short-term correlations between HFMD incidence in children and meteorological variables, which culminated in an earlier conclusion. These results can help health authorities reduce ambient air pollution reduction and reinforcing self-protective steps to minimize the adverse health effects of environmental factors on HFMD incidence.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35927638


Moderate aerobic training is safe and improves glucose intolerance induced by the association of high fat diet and air pollution.

This review looked at whether moderate aerobic exercise could be able to reduce the metabolic and oxidative stress in the gastrocnemius caused by a high-fat diet and PM 2. 5 exposure. Female mice were given HFD or standard diet, intranasal instillation of 20 u03bcg residual oil fly ash, or saline seven times a week for 19 weeks. Trained animals followed a progressive diet for six weeks, with swimming with a 5% body mass of workload for 60 minutes until being able to swim in shallow water. Aerobic moderate training reduced weight gain and glucose intolerance while also reducing muscle and pancreatic mass loss induced by a HFD plus ROFA exposure. Our report also shows that moderate exercise, even under polluted circumstances, is the most effective non-pharmacological therapy for obesity and insulin resistance.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35925459


A scientometric analysis of indoor air pollution research during 1990-2019.

Indoor air pollution is one of the leading risk factors for various adverse health conditions, including premature deaths globally, including premature deaths. Here, we reviewed IAP research from 1990 to 2019 retrieved from the Web of Science database in the form of a comprehensive and systematic scientometric analysis using the CiteSpace 5. 7. R2, a popular tool for capturing quantitative, temporal, and trends of a scientific field. Multiple fields were represented in the journals that published IAP related research; 'Indoor Air,' a quarterly that focuses solely on IAP issues ranked fifth among top-cited journals. Overall, this report reviewed the evolution of IAP research, identified the gaps, and suggested future research directions.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35932736


Changing trends in the air pollution-related disease burden from 1990 to 2019 and its predicted level in 25 years.

Due to industrial development, air pollution has posed a threat to human health around the world in the twentieth century. Timely, comprehensive, and accurate assessment and prediction of disease risk can help minimize the health risks of air pollution. We first estimated the prevalence of air pollution-related diseases globally and in many subgroups such as socio-demographic index, sex, and age, among other things. Second, we estimated the number and age-standardized deaths and disability-adjusted life years attributable to air pollution from 2020 to 2044 by the autoregressive integrated moving average model and exponential smoothing scheme, respectively. To conduct sensitivity analysis, the age-period-cohort model in the maximum likelihood framework and the Bayesian APC model combined nested Laplace approximations were further applied. The disease burden attributed to air pollution was lower in some countries with greater population densities, higher numbers of elders, and smaller proportions of females.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35922595


Associations of air pollution with peripheral inflammation and cardiac autonomic physiology in children.

The effects of air pollution on health have been heightened since a series of climate change-related disasters. The Environmental Protection Agency obtained particulate matter near participants' homes. Pre-ejection period, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, cardiac autonomic control, and cardiac autonomic balance were all indexed by autonomic balance. The daily PM2. 5 IL-6 was positively related to daily PM2. 5. Children's asthma may be exacerbated by air pollution.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35921508


Characterization of Annual Average Traffic-Related Air Pollution Concentrations in the Greater Seattle Area from a Year-Long Mobile Monitoring Campaign.

A Seattle-based cohort, we developed an innovative and extensive mobile tracking program to determine TRAP exposure levels for the Adult Changes in Thought study, a Seattle-based cohort. Cross-validated mean square error-based R 2 estimates of annual average pollutant concentrations in PNC, 0. 80 for BC, 0. 70 for PM 2. 5, and 0. 51 for CO 2 were found in cross-validated mean square error-based R 2 estimates of annual average pollutant concentrations, 0. 70 for PM 2. 5, 0. 70 for PM 2. 5, and 0. 51 for CO 2 were all found in universal kriging-partial least squares models of annual average pollutant concentrations.

Source link: https://europepmc.org/article/MED/35917479

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions