Advanced searches left 3/3

Air Pollution - DOAJ

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 08 August 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Long-term air pollution levels modify the relationships between short-term exposure to meteorological factors, air pollution and the incidence of hand, foot and mouth disease in children: a DLNM-based multicity time series study in Sichuan Province, China

However, it is also unknown if long-term air pollution levels influence the short-term correlations of HFMD incidence with meteorological causes and air pollution. Conclusions We found that long-term SO2 and CO concentrations had significantly improved the short-term correlations between climatic variables and HFMD incidence. At high SO2 levels, the relationship between relative humidity and HFMD was weakened at higher SO2 levels, particularly when the relative humidity was below the median level. Conclusion The results showed that long-term SO2 and CO levels altered the short-term correlations of HFMD incidence in children and meteorological variables, according to the authors. To minimize the adverse health effects of environmental factors on HFMD prevalence, health officials may advise health officials to develop targeted public health programs including lowering ambient air pollution reduction and reinforcing self-protective measures to minimize the adverse health risks of HFMD incidence.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13890-7


Development of low-cost RFID sensors dedicated to air pollution monitoring for preventive conservation

In closed environments, such as in exhibition rooms and showcases, where temperature and relative humidity gradients and levels can create new micro-climatic challenges, can be amplified. One of the EU-SensMat project's key priorities is the installation of low cost, low visual nuisance sensors sensitive to these pollutants, making them affordable for all museums, even small ones. Besides the low price, they can be easily integrated with other existing RFID solutions such as identification tasks, since the interrogation is carried out with a commercial UHF-RFID reader.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40494-022-00755-w


Association of air pollution and 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction.

However, there is no evidence comparing the effects of AP on long-term key clinical outcomes of AMI patients. This research was conducted to determine the clinical effects of ambient AP concentration on AMI patients' short-term and one-year clinical outcomes. Methods of Health Acute Myocardial Infarction and KAMIR-National Institutes of Health registry patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction and KAMIR-National Institutes of Health registry from January 2006 to December 2015. Results The annual average of air pollutants before symptom detection and all-cause deaths up to 30 days was 1. 084, with particulate matter with diameter of 10 microns or less per billion rises as a result of 1. 011. In some air pollutants, a higher AP concentration in AMI patients up to one year was an environmental risk factor for poor prognosis in AMI patients up to 1 year.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272328


Relationship Between Exposure to Sulphur Dioxide Air Pollution, White Cell Inflammatory Biomarkers and Enzymatic Infarct Size in Patients With ST-segment Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes

Aims: To investigate the correlation of air pollutants, markers of inflammation, and infarct size in patients with acute coronary syndrome. The air pollutant values were calculated daily from the day before to the day before admission. Patients with significant MIs had a higher neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio and leukocyte and neutrophil counts than those with smaller MIs. Sulphur dioxide concentrations and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio were independent predictors of infarct size, according to a multivariate analysis. Patients with extensive MI had elevated white cell inflammatory activity and had been exposed to elevated sulphur dioxide levels in the ambient air.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.15420/ecr.2021.37


Perceptions of air quality and concern for health in relation to long-term air pollution exposure, bushfires, and COVID-19 lockdown: A before-and-after study

Background: Air pollution is a significant health problem and the leading environmental risk factor for non-communicable diseases worldwide. People's experiences and questions about air pollution are important because they can influence protective action or climate change mitigation policies. Methods: This repeat cross-sectional research uses survey results obtained from participants in Sydney, Australia's September, 2019 and October 2020 bushfires, first COVID-19 lockdowns in 2020, before and after the devastating 2019/2020 bushfires and first COVID-19 lockdown limits in Sydney, Australia, in 2020. Conclusions: Participants in suburbs with higher estimated air pollution levels generally reported poorer air quality and were more concerned about health in relation to air quality. This report is the first Australian study on the connection between estimated air quality exposure and air quality perceptions and concerns, providing new evidence to support public health policies that increase air quality awareness and reduce the health burden.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joclim.2022.100137


Air Pollution, Political Corruption, and Cardiovascular Disease in the Former Soviet Republics

Background: Ambient air pollution is a significant issue in many Eastern European countries. Object: Information on the underlying socioeconomic and political causes of air pollution in Eastern Europe is vital for pollution control and disease prevention. Methods: We sought to quantify relationships between pollution, and air-pollution-related CVD, and political depletion in Europe and Southeast Asia, particularly in the former Soviet republics; on the 2019 Global Burden of Disease survey for estimates of the burden of air pollution-related CVD; and Transparency International for governmental corruption rankings. In the former Soviet republics, we find that a lack of government transparency, inadequate air pollution monitoring, and lobbying by vested interests all hindered air pollution control and perpetuated high rates of pollution-related morbidity and mortality.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5334/aogh.3702


Associations of residential greenness, ambient air pollution, biological sex, and glucocorticoids levels in rural China

Aims: To investigate the correlation between residential greenness and glucorticoid levels, as well as whether air pollution and sex affect the relationship between greenness and glucocorticoid level in Chinese rural adults. Methods: We obtained cross-sectional survey results from 6055 people from the Henan Rural cohort. Interactions between air pollutants and residential greenness were found by incorporating the interaction terms of air pollutants and residential greenness into the regression model, showing that the protective effect of residential greenness on serum glucocorticoids decreased with increasing concentrations of particulate matter. In addition, trends toward change in the relationship between green space and glucocorticoid levels were also present by sex, but not to a point of statistical significance. Conclusion: Long-term exposure to green space was negatively correlated with cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol levels, and it was positively correlated with cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol levels, and cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol levels were positively correlated with cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol levels, and cortisol levels were positively correlated with cortisol and 11-deoxycortisol and 11-corti.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2022.113945


Association of air pollution and 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction

However, there is limited evidence regarding the effects of AP on long-term major clinical outcomes of AMI patients. This research was intended to investigate the clinical effects of ambient AP concentration on AMI patients' short-term and 1-year clinical outcomes. Results The annual average of air pollutants before symptom date and all-cause deaths up to 30 days was 1. 084, with particulate matter with diameter of 10 microns or less per billion increasing was 1. 011. AMI patients up to 1 year were patients with poor prognosis as a result of elevated AP levels in certain air pollutants. AMI patients and high-risk individuals with elevated AP levels must be treated or avoided exposure to high AP levels.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/3c36917d10b547d2864a6e4bd4b38d92


Impact of prenatal maternal psychological distress on fetal biometric parameters in household air pollution-exposed Nigerian women.

Prenatal household air pollution exposure and maternal psychological disturbance are two primary causes contributing to gestational mal-health and adverse birth outcomes, according to Rationale Studies. Objection We investigated the effect of PMPD on fetal biometric characteristics in pregnant N. . . . ian women who were HAP-exposed to HAP. Methods The randomized controlled trial found the benefits of HAP exposure in pregnant N. . . . ian women who routinely cooked with polluting fuels. During the investigation, half of the women were given CleanCook ethanol stoves to use for 156 days. No significant relationship was found between PM2. 5 exposure and PMPD ratings. Conclusions: The PMPD was an independent mediator of inaccurate fetal biometric measurements in pregnant women who were exposed to HAP from firewood/kerosene burning. From a public health standpoint, determining preventative steps to alleviate maternal distress during pregnancy and minimizing exposure to HAP is important.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0272053


Association between long-term exposure to particulate air pollution with SARS-CoV-2 infections and COVID-19 deaths in California, U.S.A.

We investigated 3. 1 million SARS-CoV-2 infections and 49,691 COVID-19 deaths in California from February 2020 to February 2021 to assess risks associated with long-term neighborhood particulate matter less than 0. 3 u03 billion cm in diameter. Those living in the highest quintile of long-term PM2. 5 exposure were 20 percent higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infections and COVID-19 mortality 51% higher than those living in the lowest quintile of long-term PM2. 5 exposure. Based on the Area Deprivation Index, those living in the areas with high long-term PM2. 5 exposure were more likely to be Hispanic and more vulnerable. The increased risks of SARS-CoV-2 Infections and COVID-19 mortality at the neighborhood level in California were consistent with a growing body of literature on the benefits of lowering air pollution to safeguard public health, as shown by the increased dangers for SARS-CoV-2 Infections and COVID-19 mortality among the highest long-term PM2. 5 concentrations.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envadv.2022.100270

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions