Advanced searches left 3/3

Acute - PubMed

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 26 January 2023

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Acute Hepatitis of Unknown Origin in Children: Two Cases in a Portuguese Hospital.

Several cases of pediatric acute hepatitis of unknown origin have been reported in the last few months and in many nations around the world. We present two patients, a 7-month-old girl and an 8-year-old boy with gastrotoxic signs and lethargy in connection with elevation of transaminase levels. Serologies for hepatitis A-E virus and a PCR test to SARS-CoV-2 were both negative. An adenovirus serotype C was present in a respiratory sample as well as cytomegalovirus in the blood in the first case.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.20344/amp.18690


The Effects of Acute Resistance Exercise on Memory, Processing Speed, and Mood State After a Cognitive Challenge.

2022-Acute moderate-to-intensity aerobic exercise has been shown to improve learning and memory, but the effects of an acute high-intensity resistance exercise for improving memory is not fully understood. As acute aerobic exercise, acute resistance exercise, and chronic catecholamines, are among the tools that have been used to mediate acute exercise's memory-enhancing effects of acute exercise. Besides, although acute exercise has been shown to improve mood, it's unknown if high-intensity resistance exercise positively influences mood after a cognitive challenge. After the cognitive challenge, fatigue, vigor, and depression scores were all higher after resistance exercise compared to rest; however, after false discovery rate correction, only restlessness remained significantly different between sessions, though vigor and depression did not.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004455


Feasibility of concomitant left atrial appendage closure and percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute coronary syndrome and atrial fibrillation: a randomized pilot study.

The most effective strategy for preventing cardiovascular disease and bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndrome and atrial fibrillation is still unclear. After a successful PCI to LAAO or conventional medical therapy, 50 patients with ACS without ST elevation and history of AF were randomized. PCI surgery in patients with ACS and AF is apparently safe, according to LAAO in patients with ACS and AF.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00380-023-02236-x


Zinc supplementation in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

This single-centre prospective feasibility study investigated whether zinc supplementation was safe and effective in improving outcomes among patients with acute myocardial infarction. Within 24 hours after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention, consenting patients with AMI were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive standard or conventional therapy with zinc acetate supplementation. Forty of the 53 patients underwent CMR, and it revealed that the percent core zone was numerically smaller in the zinc supplementation group than in the standard treatment group.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00380-023-02239-8


Metabolic responses to acute sprint interval exercise training performed after an oral 75-gram glucose load in individuals with overweight/obesity.

After an oral 75-gram glucose challenge, the aim of the current study was to determine the effects of acute SIT on metabolic response and substrate utilization in people with overweight/obesity. At the 120-min postprandial time point, the RQ was significantly lower in the acute SIT group than in the resting group, and the RQ area under the curve was also lower in the SIT group. During the postprandial period, fat consumption increased after SIT, though carbohydrate contribution decreased. The AUC for fat contribution was noticeably higher in the SIT group, and the AUC for carbohydrate contribution was much smaller than in the resting group. In summary, acute SIT can have a positive effect on metabolic responses to postprandial glucose, and, in turn, can be recommended for improving metabolism in people with overweight/obesity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.15555


miR-449a ameliorates acute rejection after liver transplantation via targeting procollagen-lysine1,2-oxoglutarate5-dioxygenase 1 in macrophages.

Following LT, rats and humans were isolated from rats and humans, respectively. MiR-449a expression was significantly reduced in macrophages and peripheral blood mononuclear cells, according to our researchers. MiR-449a overexpression not only reduced the M1-polarization of macrophages in vitro but also increased the AR of transplant in vivo. Overall, miR-449a reduced the NF-u03baB pathway in macrophages by PLOD1 and reduced macrophage M1-polarization, thereby attenuating AR after LT. MiR-449a and PLOD1 may be new ARVs for prevention and mitigation of AR.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2022.12.009


Acute liver failure and unique challenges of pediatric liver transplantation amidst a worldwide cluster of adenovirus-associated hepatitis.

In both 9 cases, human adenovirus DNA antibodies were found in a new outbreak of acute hepatitis in children from the southeastern United States. In all cases, RNA genotyping in 5 of 9 children revealed HAdV type 41. In these 2 children with PALF, Adenovirus polymerase chain reaction assay and sequencing of amplicons was also identified as adenovirus species F by DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded liver tissue. We review the clinical course, laboratory findings, liver pathology, and treatment of two children with PALF type 41, one of whom had secondary hemophagocytosis, in this article.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajt.2022.10.002

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions