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Acute - Crossref

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Last Updated: 26 November 2022

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Omovertebral bone causing traumatic compression of the cervical spinal cord and acute neurological deficits in a patient with Sprengel’s deformity and Klippel-Feil syndrome: case report

Sprengelu2019's deformity and Klippel-Feil syndrome are two separate medical anomalies that are not well understood. The authors chronicle a 49-year-old man with acute neurological deficits following a low-energy cause of acute spinal cord compression (resulting from an impinging omovertebral bone fracture in the case of a catastrophic laminar defect.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2020.6.spine20304


Nuances of transradial approach for mechanical thombectomy in acute basilar artery occlusion

In this video, the authors explore the nuances of the TA for acute basilar artery occlusion in two patients with challenging proximal VA anatomy. According to the authors, the TA should be the first step for basilar artery occlusion therapy in elderly patients, and should be considered in select patients with other conditions requiring endovascular therapy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2019.1.focusvid.18420


Acute skeletal muscle wasting and dysfunction predict physical disability at hospital discharge in patients with critical illness

Patients with critical illness lead to muscle weakness and impairments in physical function; however, the connection between early skeletal muscle alterations and hospital discharge remains unclear. The first day of ICU admission, rectus femoris and tibialis anterior muscle ultrasound photographs were obtained serially and assessed for muscle cross-sectional area, layer thickness, and echointensity. CSA dropped by 28. 5 percent from day 1 to 7. In the first 7 days of ICU admission and muscle endurance measured prior to ICU, there were clear predictors of ICU-AW at hospital discharge despite hospital discharge, with a change in RF EI. Conclusion ICU-assessed muscle changes, especially RF EI and muscle strength, are predictors of ICU-AW and physical activity in patients with persistent chronic disease.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-020-03355-x


Ultrastructural scoring of graded acute spinal cord injury in the rat

After spinal cord injury, there is a need for a reliable quantitative histological technique that also includes information on neurons, axons, vascular endothelium, and subcellular organelles. In a rat model of contusion injury, the usefulness of ultrastructural scoring of acute SCI was evaluated. Spinal cords suffered acute contusion injury when using different weights to produce graded SCI. Adult Wistar rats were divided into five groups by age groups. After which nontraumatized spinal cord samples were obtained 8 hours postsurgery, the first group control animals underwent laminectomy only. Spinal cord samples were also obtained in the various hospitals 8 hours after the injury. When the severity of the traumatic injury was increased, physiological responses followed a decreasing trend. A striking negative correlation was found between trauma-related intensity and ultrastructural scores. In this research, the authors describe quantitative ultrastructural scoring of SCI in the acute, early postinjury period.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/spi.2002.97.1.0049


Severe Acute Colitis: A Countdown Diagnostic Challenge

Introduction: Severe acute colitis complicates 10-15% of ulcerative colitis, but less often Crohn's disease or infectious colitis [1]. In this report, we provide a descriptive review of a series of cases of SAC admitted to the Mohammed VI University Hospital in Marrakech, which has spanned over ten years. Out of a total of 550 inflammatory bowel disease patients admitted to the Mohammed VI University Hospital in Marrakech, 100 patients developed acute colitis during the study period. In 95% of the cases, abdominal ultrasound was performed, resulting in intestinal thickening in 75% of the patients and a medium-sized peritoneal effusion in 30% of the cases. According to the Truelove and Witts criteria, a diagnosis of severe acute colitis was made. In comparison, two patients were treated with third-line infliximab with poor clinical tolerance, which resulted in colectomy. In most patients, there was an average of 2 to three days of bowel movements, as well as 0 to 1 nighttime bowel movements, with just one case of rectal imperiousness and no case of sexual disorders or infertility. Conclusion: Acute colitis is an alarming complication of chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.23958/ijirms/vol07-i11/1530


Development and initial implementation of electronic clinical decision supports for recognition and management of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury

Abstract Background The main problem in hospitalized patients is acute kidney injury, and it is connected with poor patient outcomes and high costs of care. The introduction of clinical decision support services within the electronic medical record could enhance AKI care and outcomes. Although clinical decision support services have the ability to enhance recognition and administration of AKI, there is no information in the literature about how these services were created and whether they meet end-user needs. Methods We designed and evaluated the content, acceptability, and usability of electronic clinical decision support systems for AKI care. Within a hospital EMR still stationed in Calgary, Alberta, AKI stage alerts, AKI adverse medication warnings, AKI's clinical summary dashboard, and an AKI order were included in the package, which included AKI stage alerts, AKI adverse medication alerts, AKI clinical summary dashboard, and an AKI order number. The three-quarters of the participants in user acceptance testing agreed that recommendations within the order set were useful.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-020-01303-x


Post-acute psychological effects of classical serotonergic psychedelics: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Abstract Background Abstract Background: In the last two decades, scientific interest in classical psychedelics' therapeutic properties has soared. This research sought to quantify the effects of psilocybin, ayahuasca, and lysergic acid diethylamide on psychological outcomes in the post-acute period; research designers; and assess adverse effects and risk of bias. Several outcomes were found within-group placebo-controlled trials, negative and positive affect-related measures, educational findings, and existential/spiritual outcomes, with a high between-group effect in these domains. The evidence of effects on big five personality traits and mindfulness was weak. Conclusions High risk of bias in several domains, heterogeneity within studies, and indicators of publication bias for some studies all highlight the importance of careful, large-scale, placebo-controlled randomized trials.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1017/s003329172000389x


Outcome predictors of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke patients: an Egyptian center experiences

However, the clinical results in patients with acute ischemic stroke after receiving intravenous thrombolytic therapy are influenced by a variety of factors, and our research was designed to determine the effect predictors of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in a population of Egyptian patients with acute ischemic stroke. According to the new American Heart Association and American Stroke Association's last updated research guidelines from February 2018 to February 2020, 183 acute ischemic stroke patients were treated with intravenous plasminogen activator, but only 150 patients of them continued our study program until the end. On the other hand, improved NIHSS scores after receiving IV rtPA lowered.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s41983-020-00229-5


A relation of serum homocysteine and uric acid in Bosnian diabetic patients with acute myocardial infarction

Background: Coronary artery disease as a result of atherosclerosis is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality among type 2 Diabetes Mellitus patients. HCY's role in cardiovascular disease is thought to have primarily through antioxidant damage, implying a potential correlation between the HCY level and antioxidant status. This review sought to investigate the determinant relationship between HCY and UA levels in diabetic patients with AMI in Bosnian diabetic patients with AMI, although it was not reported in Bosnian diabetic patients with AMI. AMI was detected in 52 DM type 2 patients with AMI, according to this prospective study. HCY and UA were found with different HCY levels in subgroups with different UA status, as shown by a positive correlation.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.5937/jomb0-28391

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions