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Acquired Immune - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 04 February 2022

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A survey study between acquired immune deficiency syndrome and pregnant women, health promotion program

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a disease that affects the human immune system; it is a virus that reduces the effectiveness of the immune system of the body to the point that it is no longer able to combat a simple infection. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of the pregnant women's AIDS knowledge as well as assess the health promotion program's effectiveness on the prevention of the disease and health status of the pregnant women, as well as the association with other pertinent variables. Five health centers at Al-Hashimiya Health Sector in Al-Hashimiya Health Sector collected data for this purpose using a special questionnaire developed for this purpose.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/MJBL.MJBL_14_21


A spatiotemporal geographic information system-based assessment of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome distribution in Manipur, India

Background: A geographical information system is a versatile device that aids in health education, planning, analysis, monitoring, and evaluation of services related to health. Object: The study was conducted in Manipur to determine the hotspot areas of HIV/AIDS prevalence and the key factors that influence the HIV prevalence. For investigating the spatial correlation between HIV/AIDS prevalence and predictors, ArcGIS' ordinary least square spatial statistics embedded in the ArcGIS were used to investigate the spatial association between HIV/AIDS prevalence and predictors. The built OLS model has the highest value of adjusted R2 statistic equals to 0. 67, with the lowest value of the Akaike Information Criterion survey equals to 474. 55. Conclusion: Hotspot analysis, regression analysis, spatial autocorrelation, and GIS can support health planners in correctly assessing and reporting diseases among the masses in order to aid in evidence-based health decision making.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_1308_20


Nature of Acquired Immune Responses, Epitope Specificity and Resultant Protection from SARS-CoV-2

The most common global response to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has been to bring as quickly as possible a number of vaccines that are supposed to raise immunity to this viral disease. In comparison, however, there were already important past studies that showed that respiratory infections on mucosal surfaces were susceptible to immune clearance by mechanisms not typical of systemic pathogen infections. According to her, it was likely to be crucial to recognize both innate and acquired immunity in response to viral disease, as well as the most effective acquired immune defense mechanisms for viral clearance.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/jpm11121253


Effects of dietary turmeric (Curcuma longa) on innate and acquired immune responses in broiler chicken

Food additives are one of the most commonly used drugs to combat stress and inflammation in large bird populations with no adverse effects. This study looked at the effects of eating turmeric on serum amyloid A as an indicator of acute phase reaction and antibody titer to Newcastle vaccine as an indicator of humoral immune responses. Five food groups were given a total of 300 Ross Broiler chickens. In consuming water, one group was sent aspirin and one group aspirin-vitamin C. During the entire manufacturing process, the levels of SAA and humoral antibody responses to Newcastle vaccine were measured. After 2 weeks of therapy and later, Turmeric administration dramatically reduced the serum SAA levels. After the second vaccination ELISA titer in all treatment groups was higher than the control group, the control group's average was higher than the control group. Both at week 3 and later ages, the same effect of dietary turmeric on body mass was discovered.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vas.2021.100213


Differentiation of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Related Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma from Cerebral toxoplasmosis with Use of Susceptibility-Weighted Imaging and Contrast Enhanced 3D-T1WI

Background: We wanted to see if susceptibility-weighted imaging and contrast-enhanced 3D-T1WI can distinguish Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Related Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma from cerebral toxoplasmosis. Based on pathology findings, 20 HIV patients were divided into AR-PCNSL group and cerebral toxoplasmosis group. In the diagnosis of AR-PCNSL and cerebral toxoplasmosis, we investigated the appearance of lesions on SWI and upgraded 3D T1WI and ROC curves. Conclusions: Cerebral toxoplasmosis was more likely to have annular extension and smooth ring enhancement than total smooth ring enhancement. AR-PCNSL was more likely to have an incomplete, irregular LSIR, and variable central low signal intensity on SWI.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2021.10.023


Quality of life among people living with acquired immune deficiency syndrome receiving anti-retroviral therapy: a study from Nepal

In Nepal, the present research was carried out to determine the effect of acquired immune deficiency syndrome on the quality of life of the affected individuals. Patients and methods: A cross-sectional review was conducted among 70 people attending the University Hospital in Nepal's Anti-Retroviral Therapy clinic. Using the World Health Organisation Quality of life questionnaire instrument, quality of life was assessed. Females were more likely to have lower QOL scores in the social and psychological domains. QOL scores in the environmental domain were both highly predicted by higher CD4 counts and a married status, which were both significant predictors of higher QOL scores.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/8fb69008eefd4ee2914b8886e24b485f


Serum selenium and skin diseases among Nigerians with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome

In human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients, no scientific study has linked serum selenium concentration to skin infections. Methods: 134 newly diagnosed HIV patients with the inclusion criteria were included in this research. Using an atomic absorption spectrophotometer, skin diseases were clinically diagnosed and fasting venous blood was drawn for the determination of serum selenium. P = 0. 077, respectively. The mean age of HIV patients with and without skin disease was not significantly different between HIV patients with and without skin cancer: 32. 72 9. 21 versus 35. 86 8. 55 years. The mean of serum selenium, CD4+ count, and body mass index were all significantly lower among HIV/AIDS patients with skin disease than those without skin disease. We found a large cluster of symptoms and signs including fever, weight loss, oral candidiasis, and pallor among HIV/AIDS patients with skin diseases than others without. Low serum selenium concentration was strongly associated with primary skin disease of HIV/AIDS, such as pruritic papular eruption of AIDS, xeroderma, puffy hair, blue-black nail hyperpigmentation, and secondary skin disease, such as oral candidiasis. Low serum selenium concentrations were linked to increasing prevalence of skin diseases, in a wide range of skin diseases, but serum selenium was not significantly related to skin disease prevalence. Conclusion: serum selenium concentrations were lower among HIV patients with skin disease than those without skin disease.

Source link: https://doaj.org/article/efa395e0604546e6b9f140ea2558c51e

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions