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Acetylene - Crossref

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Last Updated: 10 November 2022

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The simultaneous comparison of acetylene or carbon dioxide flux as a measure of effective pulmonary blood flow in children

Both acetylene and carbon dioxide can be used to determine effective pulmonary blood flow noninvasively. Using an Innovision quadrupole mass spectrometer, six healthy children were investigated. Both venous CO2 levels were estimated by a linear or curvilinear extrapolation system. During exercise, median values were: Ac 6. 7; L 8. 0; and C 7. 2 L x min x m; however, during exercise, were significantly higher than Ac - 17 percent, respectively. More than half of L and C values could not be determined for various reasons, although all 106 Ac values could be estimated. Neither carbon dioxide method is safe enough to be used in children in a medical setting.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.97.10112586


Alloying Iron into Palladium Nanoparticles for an Efficient Catalyst in Acetylene Dicarbonylation

Moreover, the chemical reaction of the catalyst can be effectively blocked by alloying Fe atoms into the Pd crystal lattice for acetylene dicarbonylation. Introduce Fe into the Pd nanoparticles optimizes the catalyst's electronic and morphological properties, according to a detailed catalyst structure and morphology analysis. According to theoretical results, Fe electrons migrate to Pd in the nano-Fe/Pd catalyst, increasing activation of the Cu2261C bond in acetylene and decreasing CO absorption capacity on catalyst surfaces.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12213803


Comparative assessment of di-ethyl ether/diesel blends on the performance, and emission characteristics in acetylene dual fuel engine

Many engine designers have used various oxygenated blends, alcoholic fuels, and ether to increase the effectiveness of a dual fuel engine. However, there hasn't been much research done to determine the effects of di-ethyl ether in a gaseous fueled engine, but no further research has been done. When the engine is running with an ABD10 fuel combination, it decreases by 1. 7% when compared to standard diesel. Due to an increased DEE percentage of up to 10% using BD10 pilot fuel at 80% load, the BTE has increased. Moreover, while using ABD10 fuel, HC, CO, NO x, and smoke reduces by 27%, 45%, 22%, and 43 percent respectively in comparison to neat diesel at 80% load. Alongside this, it has been discovered that neat diesel usage in high load using the BD10 mixture as pilot fuel, down by 40% under heavy load.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1177/14680874221132325


Highly efficient ethylene production via electrocatalytic hydrogenation of acetylene under mild conditions

Abstract Reliable energy-based electrocatalytic hydrogenation of acetylene to ethylene under mild conditions is an attractive alternative to the traditional energy-intensive industrial process, but it is difficult due to its poor Faradamic yield owing to competitive hydrogen evolution's poor Faradanic efficiency. The electron transfer from the Cu surface to adsorbed acetylene leads to preferential adsorption and hydrogenation of the acetylene over hydrogenation, enabling a highly selective E-HAE reaction through the electron-coupled proton transfer device, according to first-principles results.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-27372-8


Diverse synthesis of C2-linked functionalized molecules via molecular glue strategy with acetylene

Abstract As the simplest alkyne and an abundant chemical feedstock, acetylene is the ideal two-carbon building block. However, catalytic methods to introduce acetylene into fine chemicals are extremely limited in comparison to substituted alkynes. In addition to making two new C-C bonds, two C-H bonds are also produced in two more mechanistically distinct ways: one via a C-H abstraction and the other via protonation. This system converts acetylene's into fine chemicals in a safe and effective manner, increasing the use of acetylene in organic synthesis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-29556-2


Interactions between atomically dispersed copper and phosphorous species are key for the hydrochlorination of acetylene

Thereby, which is simple to sublimate, is popular, but harmful mercury chloride catalysts are widely used. To encourage PVC's green manufacturing, it's vital to find environmentally friendly non-mercury catalysts. In efficient and stable active sites, the coordination structure established by P-C bonds and atomically dispersed Cu 2+ species interactions has resulted in an effective and stable coordination system. P-C bonds' activation of the substrate may give researchers insight into the manufacture and optimization of phosphorus-doped catalysts for acetylene hydrochlorination.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1038/s42004-021-00619-7


A Novel Acetylene-Functional/Silicon-Containing Benzoxazine Resin: Preparation, Curing Kinetics and Thermal Properties

A promising new way to enhance benzoxazine's curing processability, thermal stability, and toughness is by incorporating an acetylene group and silicon. According to acetylene-functional benzoxazine, the initial and peak degradation temperatures of acetylene-functional benzoxazine decreased by 21 °C and 18 °C, respectively, according to acetylene-functional benzoxazine. The apparent activation rate of acetylene-functional/silicon-containing benzoxazine's curing reaction was 83. 1 kJ/mol, which was marginally less than acetylene-functional benzoxazine. The acetylene-functional/silicon-containing benzoxazine demonstrated a greater thermal stability than acetylene-functional benzoxazine, according to TGA findings, which revealed that the acetylene-functional/silicon-containing benzoxazine had a higher thermal stability than acetylene-functional benzoxazine had a higher thermal stability than acetylene-functional benzoxazine The char yield at 1000 °C was 80% in nitrogen and 21% in air, respectively, at 380 0C in nitrogen and 485 °C in air, and 485 u00b0C in air. Acetylene-functional benzoxazine's tensile and flexural strengths were marginally smaller than that of acetylene-functional benzoxazine.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12050999


Synthesis and Characterization of Nano Hydrogelators Containing Acetylene Group and Their Antibacterial Properties

Hydrogelators of the L- and D-form of NapFF that contain acetylene groups at the C-terminus peptides were synthesized and tested for their self-assembly behavior and biological activity, particularly antibacterial and mammalian cell cytotoxicity. Using the SMARTCyp Cytochrome P450 Metabolism Prediction Server, the metabolism of peptides 1 and 2 was also determined. SMARTCyp's 39, 37, and 26 were found to be the most oxidation potential metabolic sites for oxidation predicted. In addition, in vitro studies showed high antibacterial activity of peptides 1 and 2 against E. coli but without causing significant mammalian cell toxicity.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2022.3374


Experimental Study of the Impact of Trace Amounts of Acetylene and Methylacetylene on the Synthesis, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Polypropylene

This report examines the effect of these acetylene and methyl acetylene impurities on the polypropylene synthesis process and the material obtained by the synthesis of eight samples with different amounts of acetylene and eight samples with different traces of acetylene. The MFI, thermal recording, and mechanical properties of the resin's first concentrations of both acetylene and methyl acetylene were unaffected by the variation of the fluidity index, thermal degradation by TGA, and mechanical properties such as resistance to tension, bending, and impact, according to MFI's thermal recording and impact.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms232012148


Highly Sensitive MEMS Sensor Using Bimetallic Pd–Ag Nanoparticles as Catalyst for Acetylene Detection

The Ag shell is clearly shown that it is embedded on one face of the cubic Pd nanoseeds in the transmission electron microscopy photograph. The acetylene sensor was fabricated for acetylene detection by loading the Pd-u2013Ag bimetallic catalyst onto the surface of In2O3 sensing material. Due to the high catalytic performance of Pd'u2013Ag bimetallic nanoparticles, the microhotplate sensor has a fast reaction to acetylene gas, with a limit of detection of ten ppb. The high success of the microhotplate sensor for acetylene gas shows the use of trace acetylene detection in power transformer fault diagnosis.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3390/s22197485

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions