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Acetylcholine - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 10 November 2022

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Antagonism of the Muscarinic Acetylcholine Type 1 Receptor Enhances Mitochondrial Membrane Potential and Expression of Respiratory Chain Components via AMPK in Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells and Primary Neurons

In vitro and in vivo models of peripheral neuropathy, a blockade of muscarinic acetylcholine type 1 receptor with specific/selective antagonists prevented mitochondrial dysfunction and reversed nerve degeneration. In particular, in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, inhibition of M_1R using pyrenzepine or muscarinic toxin 7 induced AMP-activated protein kinase expression in dorsal root ganglia and prevented sensory abnormalities and distal nerve fiber loss. The human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line has been extensively used as an in vitro model system to investigate neurodegeneration in DRG neurons and other neuronal sub-types. Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that pirenzepine or MT7 might raise AMPK production and, through this pathway, mitochondrial function in SH-SY5Y cells. M_1R antagonist therapy in SH-SY5Y cultures raised AMPK phosphorylation and mitochondrial protein expression, according to M_1R antagonist treatment. The potential of Mitochondrial membrane degradation was enhanced in soluble phosphatenzepine and MT7 treated cultured SH-SY5Y cells and DRG neurons in Mitochondrial membrane potential.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12035-022-03003-1


The Role of Acetylcholine on the Effects of Different Doses of Sulfite in Learning and Memory

The effects of various doses of sulfite on learning, memory, and long-term potentiation, as well as the relationship of these effects with acetylcholine pathways, Arc, and synapsin 1 levels were investigated in this study. As control, S100, and S260 were randomly divided into three groups as control, S100, and S260. In the sulfite groups, the total distance and average velocity measurements increased, while the discrimination index in the novel object recognition test decreased relative to controls. Acetylcholine and choline acetyltransferase activity in the sulfite groups and others were also elevated, while acetylcholinesterase production was reduced in comparison to controls. The excitatory postsynaptic potential slope and population surge amplitude of the field potentials obtained in sulfite groups has decreased, according to it.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-022-03684-z


Smoking-mediated nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) for predicting outcomes for head and neck squamous cell carcinomas

Background: Background As a result of a high mortality rate worldwide, squamous cell carcinoma, a human tumor disease, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is linked to a high mortality rate. Following nicotine receptor binding initiation, Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor receptors are transmembrane receptor proteins and exert their biological functions. We aimed to create a prognostic signature based on the nAChRs of smokers with HNSCC. Quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR showed the presence of nAChR in clinical samples. A nomogram was created to predict the outcomes of HNSCC patients who were in the clinical settings, based on the clinical characteristics and expression of nAChRs. u03b15 nAChR was found in HNSCC tissues, particularly among smokers. Conclusions The nAChR-associated signature created in this study may help identify HNSCC patients by a more precise method and enable customized therapy based on their smoking habits.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-022-10161-x

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions