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Abortion - Springer Nature

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Last Updated: 10 November 2022

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A Prospective Cohort Study of Changes in Access to Contraceptive Care and Use Two Years after Iowa Medicaid Coverage Restrictions at Abortion-Providing Facilities Went into Effect

This report examines the effect of a 2017 state-level law in Iowa banning Medicaid coverage at abortion-providing health care centers on patients and subsequent condom use. We investigated the effect of access to contraceptive use at a publicly funded family planning site in Iowa in 2018 to 2012, then participated in subsequent follow-up surveys every 6 months for two years to examine the impact of access to care. Our final analytic sample of 368 individuals shows that receipt of new contraceptive care decreased over the course of the study period, consistent with patients moving away from receiving contraceptive care at facilities potentially impacted by the 2017 Iowa Medicaid policy ban; those receiving this care at non-impacted facilities stayed relatively stagnant over the study period.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-022-09740-4


Changing Policies on Abortion and Marriage in Mexican States: Social Movements and Involved Causality

Three causal patterns, where influential movements are a necessary but no such, influential movements are present, are relevant; for reforms that favor constitutional rights and marriage, the legislature must have a context full of favourable legislative precedents and Court intervention; u201du201du201d: the Court intervention and minimum conservative influence are required, with extensive research based on extensive evidence; if there are no valid, influential politicians.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-022-00534-y


Missouri’s Abortion law: Access to care for Patients with Lethal Fetal Anomalies at a Midwest Tertiary care Center

The purpose of this research was to compare distance and time from referral to evaluation of patients with severe and lethal fetal anomalies, as well as those who stopped in patients with severe and lethal fetal anomalies, and determine the effects of the Missouri gestational age abortion ban on abortion care in this patient population. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of patients found at the Washington University in St. Louis Fetal Care Center with a significant or lethal fetal anomaly between July 2018 and June 2019. Results from July 2018 to June 2019 The Fetal Care Center in July 2018 treated 463 patients, and 13% were diagnosed with significant or lethal fetal anomalies, which made up the study population. There was a statistically significant difference between patients who had an abortion and those who continued their pregnancy.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-022-03511-5


Prevalence and risk factors for female and male adolescents involved in pregnancy and abortion: a population-based cross-sectional study in Taiwan, 2006–2016

Aims We estimated the prevalence and compared the risk factors for pregnancy and abortion in sexually active female and male adolescents with pregnant partners. The Taiwan Global School-Based Student Health Survey, 2006–2016, for grade 7-12 students from junior and senior high schools, comprehensive colleges, vocational high schools, and night schools, according to this nationally representative, anonymous, cross-sectional report. According to the poll results, the abortion rates among female and male adolescents participating in pregnancy were 78. 79 percent and 66. 19%, respectively.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-022-01772-6


Evaluating women’s acceptability of treatment of incomplete second trimester abortion using misoprostol provided by midwives compared with physicians: a mixed methods study

According to previous research, women with abortion problems in the first trimester of pregnancy can be treated with misoprostol by either midwives or physicians. We aimed to determine patient acceptability of surgical care in the second trimester of incomplete second trimester abortion using misoprostol administered by midwives compared to physicians and gained a deeper understanding of patients' lived treatment experiences in order to determine the patients's acceptability of task sharing in the second trimester. Patient access to PAC services in settings where physicians are lacking adequate staffing levels or where midwives are able to supply misoprostol, this task, which targets second trimester medical PAC with midwives increases patient access to PAC services. Background The aim of this review of task sharing in post-abortion care has mainly focused on women in the first trimester, and some lack a qualitative component. We wanted to determine patient acceptability of treatment of a late second trimester abortion using misoprostol provided by midwives compared to physicians, as well as gain a deeper understanding of patients' lives in Uganda. Methods Our mixed methods review included 1140 structured interviews from a randomized controlled equival trial and in-depth interviews with women treated with misoprostol for second trimester incomplete abortion at 14 public health centers in Uganda. To determine the risk difference in acceptable post abortion care between midwife and physician groups, we used generalized mixed effects models. Patients in settings that lack adequate doctors or where midwives are able to provide misoprostol, increase patient access to postabortion care services.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-022-02027-y


Potential Therapeutic Effects of Human Amniotic Epithelial Cells on Gynecological Disorders Leading to Infertility or Abortion

In recent decades, feta membranes have been used as a source of stem cells and biological components. Human amniotic epithelial cells have stem/progenitor characteristics similar to those found in the amniotic membrane. New research has concentrated on the experimental and therapeutic use of hAECs in allograft transplantation, immune disorders, and gynecological conditions, such as recurrent spontaneous abortion, recurrent implantation failure, and premature ovarian failure.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12015-022-10464-3


Supreme Court 2022: Abortion, Guns, a Leak, and a New Justice

Justices will be less able to move about in public if the early leak of the majority opinion in the abortion case, the attempt to protect Justice Kavanaugh's life, and tumultuous protests outside the justice's homes would, unfortunately, force Justice Justices to protest in public. Justice Breyer departed the Court and was replaced by Justice Ketanji Brown Jackson. The Court has heard cases regarding university affirmative action, voting rights, same-sex marriage services, and DNA testing in criminal cases have been accepted by the 2022-2023 Term.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42843-022-00075-4


Pathological and etiological characterization of cases of bovine abortion due to sporadic bacterial and mycotic infections

Bovine abortions are associated with a small amount of fetal losses of infectious etiology in cattle by opportunistic bacteria and fungi. Gross changes were common in cases of bacterial etiology, but two distinct microscopic patterns were observed: primary bronchopneumonia with occasional outbreak in cases of Staphylococcus sp. , Streptococcus sp. , and Mannheimia haemolytica infections; and systemic disease with sepsis in cases of Escherichia coli and Listeria sp. Aspergillus sp.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42770-022-00853-8


A case study investigating the effects of emergency vaccination with Brucella abortus A19 vaccine on a dairy farm undergoing an abortion outbreak in China

This report looked at an abortion outbreak in a dairy herd and then investigated the effects of emergency vaccination with Brucella abortus A19 vaccine on abortion and milk yield. Positive samples were tested with a C-ELISA and then positive results were used to determine Brucella infection status. Brucella spp animals that performed well for both tests were considered a positive sign to Brucella spp. The odds of seropositivity were much higher in cows that aborted as compared to cows that calved normally. Cows in sheds A2 and C1 were 10. 2 and 17. 0 times more likely to be seropositive than cows in shed B1. Emergency vaccination of a dairy herd suffering an abortion epidemic with the A19 vaccine has effectively reduced the risk of abortions and indirectly raised milk yield one-year after vaccination, according to the author.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1186/s44149-022-00056-6


Investigation of the outbreaks of abortions and orchitis in livestock in Namibia during 2016–2018

The Khomas, Omaheke, and Otjozondjupa regions of Namibia from 2016 to 2018, killing cattle, sheep, and goats, according to this research. There was no significant difference between Khomas and other countries on abortion reporting at the farm level [ X = 0. 987851], p = 0. 997851]. In addition, when the Khomas area was larger than the other areas, the percentages of abortions calculated at the animal level at each farm differed. Fourteen cattle sera, 35 sheep sera, 52 caprine sera, 18 bovine liver tests, one caprine liver, five sick cattle foetuses, five abortion foetuses, five aborted cattle foetuses, five aborted cattle foetuses, two cattle placentas, five bull sheath scrapings, eight bovine liver samples, five aborted cattle foetuses, five aborted cattle foetas Enterococcus spp. bacteria were isolated from microbiological samples. Enterobacter spp. Streptococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. According to a mineral analysis, 28 percent, 33%, 83%, 33%, and 17% of cattle livers were low in copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, and iron, respectively. Brucella melitensis on the Rose Bengal and complement fixation tests revealed that twenty-three percent of the caprine sera were positive. B. melitensis, B. ovis, and Coxiella burnetii were tested for each of B. ovine sera, and the incidence for both was 29 percent. All PCR tests on foetuses were negative for Brucella spp. , Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydia spp. , Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella spp. , Campylobacter fetus spp. , Campylobacter spp. , Campylobacter fetus spp. , Campylobacter fetus spp. Campylobacter fetus spp. , Leptospira virus, Rift Valley fever virus, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and bovine herpes virus 4 are among the pathogenic strains that have been identified. Apsis spp. , Trichomonas foetus spp. , and Trichomonas foetus spp.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-022-03342-0

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions