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Abdominal Swelling - MedlinePlus Genetics

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Last Updated: 10 November 2022

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Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome

Megacystis-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome is a serious condition affecting the muscles that line the bladder and intestines. Using ultrasound imaging, some of MMIHS' key features can be identified before birth. Since it does not empty, affected fetuses have an enlarged bladder. intestinal pseudo-obstruction is common post-natal illness that can cause persistent peristalsis after birth. Long-term use of parenteral nutrition may cause liver disease. To remove urine from the bladder, many people with MMIHS require the use of a tube. Irritular malrotation, a condition in some people with MMIHS, is another unusuality in which the intestines do not fold properly. Individuals with MMIHS can also have problems with the kidneys or ureters, which are the ducts that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. People with MMIHS have shorter lives than others, often due to hunger, overwhelming infection, or the absence of multiple organs.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/megacystis-microcolon-intestinal-hypoperistalsis-syndrome


Wilms tumor

Wilms tumor is a form of kidney cancer that most commonly occurs in children. About two-thirds of Wilms tumor cases are detected before the age of 10, with two-thirds being found before age 5. The Wilms tumor is often first detected because of abdominal swelling or a lump in the kidney that can be felt on physical examination. Some of the affected children's children have abdominal pain, fever, a small number of red blood cells, blood in the urine, or elevated blood pressure. In one or both kidneys, Wilms tumors can develop. Wilms tumors can spread from the kidneys to other areas of the body. Children with Wilms tumor have a 90 percent survival rate with appropriate treatment. Individuals with Wilms tumor may have similar health issues or late effects of their adulthood, such as reduced kidney function, heart disease, and the emergence of new cancers.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/wilms-tumor


Wilson disease

Wilson disease is a genetic disorder in which excessive amounts of copper accumulate in the body, particularly in the liver, brain, and eyes. Wilson disease signs and symptoms generally appear between the ages of 6 to 45 years old, but they most commonly occur during the teenage years. Wilson disease-affected children and young adults are usually the first sign of Wilson disease in affected children and young adults; people diagnosed at an older age are unlikely to have liver disease, although they may have very mild liver disease. The first signs of adulthood diagnosis are often a nervous system or psychiatric disorders, and Wilson disease in young adults are common in young adults. The colored area of the eye is found in many people with Wilson disease, copper deposits in the front surface of the eye, as well as a green-to-brownish ring, named the Kayser-Fleischer ring.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/wilson-disease


Chronic atrial and intestinal dysrhythmia

Chronic atrial and intestinal dysrhythmia is a disorder that affects the heart and the digestive system. CAID disrupts the normal rhythm of the heartbeat; affected individuals have a heart rhythm abnormality identified as sick sinus syndrome. Electrical impulses that start each heartbeat are generated by the SA node. These signals change from the SA node to the remainder of the heart, signaling the heart muscle to contraction and pump blood. The SA node does not function normally, causing the heartbeat to be too slow, but sometimes the heartbeat is too fast or slow to be too slow in people with sick sinus syndrome. These signs resemble those caused by an intestinal blockage such as a tumor, but no such blockage is found in intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/chronic-atrial-and-intestinal-dysrhythmia


Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastoma is a form of cancer that most often affects children. Immature nerve cells called neuroblasts become abnormal and multiply uncontrollably to produce a tumor, resulting in neuroblastoma. Individuals with neuroblastoma may experience general signs and symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, exhaustion, pain, loss of appetite, weight loss, or diarrhea. abdominal swelling can be caused by a tumor in the abdomen. A tumor in the neck can cause nerve damage called Horner syndrome, which leads to drooping eyelids, small pupils, decreased sweating, and red skin. Tumor metastasis to the bone can cause bone pain, bruises, pale skin, or dark circles around the eyes. Opposoclonus myoclonus syndrome, which causes rapid eye movements and jerky muscle movements, may exist in rare instances in people with neuroblastoma. Neuroblastoma occurs most often in children before age 5 in children before age 5, but it is rare in adults.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/neuroblastoma


Intestinal pseudo-obstruction

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction is a condition that is caused by a lack of muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. The condition can arise from abnormalities of the gastrointestinal muscles themselves or from nerve blockade muscle contractions. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction contributes to the gastrointestinal wall's development of a partial digested diet. These signs resemble those of an intestinal blockage, but no blockage has been discovered in intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Patients can have additional signs and symptoms depending on the cause of intestinal pseudo-obstruction. During intestinal pseudo-obstruction, some people with intestinal pseudo-obstruction have bladder abnormalities, such as the inability to pass urine. When intestinal pseudo-obstruction occurs by itself, it is identified as primary or idiopathic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. In these situations, the condition can also occur as a result of another health condition; in those situations, it is called secondary intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

Source link: https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/intestinal-pseudo-obstruction

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions