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Abdominal - DOAJ

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Last Updated: 10 August 2022

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The fully engaged inspiratory muscle training reduces postoperative pulmonary complications rate and increased respiratory muscle function in patients with upper abdominal surgery: a randomized controlled trial

Threshold inspiratory muscle training may be a safe way to increase respiratory muscle endurance and endurance in patients. paraphrasedoutput:Methods This is a randomized controlled trial conducted in 28 patients with upper abdominal surgery. We hypothesized that the fully involved IMT could reduce PPCs and improve respiratory muscle function in patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery. Methods This is a randomized controlled trial. Methods This is a randomized controlled trial. We hypothesized that the partially involved IMT could reduce PPCs and improve respiratory muscle function in patients with upper abdominal surgery. Conclusion: IMT had a beneficial effect on the prevalence of postoperative pulmonary complications related to CLT care, as well as CLT care. COMMENT IBT's findings showed that this drug had positive effects on parameters related to the respiratory muscle function and reduced the incidence of PPCs.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1080/07853890.2022.2106511


Cost-effectiveness of gasless laparoscopy as a means to increase provision of minimally invasive surgery for abdominal conditions in rural North-East India.

However, access to laparoscopic surgery in rural North-East India is limited, due in large part to limited equipment, unreliable CO2 gas supplies, a shortage of surgical experience, and a shortage of anaesthetists. We investigate the cost-effectiveness of gasless laparoscopy as a way to increase the supply of minimally invasive surgery for abdominal conditions in rural North-East India. In rural North-East India, a decision tree model was introduced to compare costs, assessed from a patient's perspective, and disability adjusted life years. Scaling up MIS through increased access to gasless laparoscopy may reduce the cost burden to patients and raise DALYs averted. Gasless laparoscopic surgery is expected to be a cost-effective alternative to open surgery for abdominal pain in rural North-East India, providing a potential bridge to the adoption of full laparoscopic procedures.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0271559


Key ferroptosis-related genes in abdominal aortic aneurysm formation and rupture as determined by combining bioinformatics techniques

Absoutout ObjectivesAbdominal aortic aneurysm is a cardiovascular disease with high mortality and pathogenesis closely linked to several cell death syndromes, e. g. , autophagy, apoptosis, and pyroptosis. The relationship between AAA and ferroptosis is unclear, according to MethodsGSE57691 and GSE98278's database, although a ferroptosis-related gene set was obtained from the FerrDb database. Cytoscape and Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes pathway enrichment analyses used the clusterProfiler package in R and ClueGO in Cytoscape. These results were standardized, and ferroptosis-related differentially expressed genes were identified using the limma package in R. FRGs expression was assessed by Gene Set Expression Analysis, and ferroptosis-related differentially expressed genes were determined by Gene Set Expression Analysis, and gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Cyto analyzed these gene expression was coding was analysed analyzed gene expression in Cytoscape was characterization. By CIBERSORT, Ferroptosis-related immune cell infiltration and correlations with key genes was investigated. Results of immunofluorescence assay were reformulated in Ang II-induced AAA models of ApoEu2013/u2013/u2013/CtJ mice by immunofluorescence assay, and GSEA's expression of suppressive FRGs was significantly reduced with GSEA. The GO terms for FDEGs were a result of oxidative stress and cell response to external stimuliation, and the TNF and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways were identified for FDEGs. CD8+ T, naive CD4+ T cells, and regulatory T cells; M0 and M2 macrophages; and eosinophils were among AAA cells involved in AAA formation. ConclusionsThis is the first analysis to show that ferroptosis is essential to AAA/RAAA formation. GPX4 and PEBP1 were more influential in AAA because they influenced ferroptosis-related immune cell infiltration, but SLC2A1 was more significant in RAAA, according to SLC2A1.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2022.875434


Postoperative use of abdominal binders: Bound to tradition?

An abdominal binder is an elastic or non-elastic belt applied to the abdomen in postoperative patients with abdominal surgery. Respondents were curious about the following items: designation, frequency, use of binders, reasons for prescribing/not prescribing binders, length of the drug, medical reasons that influence the decision to use binders, and estimated cost of the kit. The questionnaire was sent to 85 surgeons in the department of surgical oncology's department of surgical oncology. In postoperative patients, 22 of the respondents used abdominal binders regularly. Nearly 60% of respondents believed that binders prevent incisional hernia formation, while 46% felt that this prevented wound dehiscence. Up to 60% of the respondents reported using an abdominal binder from 1 week to 1 month after discharge, but 23. 3% preferred using it only until discharge.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.37029/jcas.v8i2.463


Mesenteric injury in blunt abdominal trauma in children: Is early surgical intervention need of the hour?

The aim is to investigate abdominal pains in children in an increasing manner. We investigated the reliability and success of our control program in coping with cases of the mesenteric injuries in the pediatric age group's blunt trauma abdomen. Methods: A multicenter retrospective review of pediatric emergency case data from July 2018 to March 2020 was conducted. Conclusions: Thirty-four cases of blunt abdominal trauma, of which 13 had mesenteric injuries, were reviewed.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/jiaps.jiaps_40_21


Nonoperative management of blunt abdominal trauma cases at a tertiary care center in India – An effective strategy

Background and Objectives: An emerging model is being introduced toward the use of nonoperative techniques to reduce abdominal pains during minimal surgical intervention. BAT at a tertiary care center in North India, an explosive investigator's pursuit of the transition from an aggressive operative approach to nonoperative management of solid organ injuries due to BAT at a tertiary care center in North India has been to determine the success of the change from an aggressive operative strategy to nonoperative management in solid organ injuries due to BAT. Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted to determine the treatment of 95 cases of BAT presenting to the emergency department at a tertiary care center in North India's northern India's tertiary care center in over 12 months. Out of the 95 patients, 46% were between 20 and 40 years, with 84% being males, with 46% being males. In 59% of cases, specific organ injuries were present; of these, 38 percent were liver damage and 34 percent to the spleen. In addition, 88. 90 percent of solid organ injuries with computed tomography were successfully managed with nonoperative care by the American Association for Trauma Grades III or higher.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.4103/atr.atr_54_21


Hughes abdominal closure versus standard mass closure to reduce incisional hernias following surgery for colorectal cancer: the HART RCT

A prospective, multicentre, blind placebo controlled trial was conducted to investigate the medical reliability and cost-effectiveness of the Hughes abdominal closure procedure compared to standard mass closure following colorectal cancer surgery. The study randomly selected 82% adult patients undergoing surgical resection for colorectal cancer from 28 surgical departments in UK centers in a 1: 1 ratio. Conclusions: In the Hughes abdominal closure arm, the incidence of incisional hernia at 1-year clinical examination was 50 in the Hughes abdominal closure arm relative to 57 in the standard mass closure arm. In year 2, the incidence of incisional hernia in the Hughes abdominal closure arm was 78 percent relative to 84 in the standard mass closure arm. The Hughes abdominal closure was found to be less cost-effective than traditional mass closures, although standard mass closure was found to be less cost-effective than standard mass closure. 0u00a3616. 45 compared to the average incremental cost for patients undergoing Hughes abdominal surgery. Conclusions: Hughes abdominal closure did not significantly reduce the incidence of incisional hernias detected by clinical examination and was less cost-effective at 1 year than conventional mass closure in colorectal cancer patients. Future work: An extended sequel to surgically obtained NHS data sets aims to publish incisional hernia rates at 2–3 years post-surgery to assess any potential mortality benefit from the closure strategies. Funding: This project was supported by the National Institute for Health and Care Research Health Technology Assessment program and will be released in full in Health Technology Assessment; Vol.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3310/CMWC8368


Relationship between high intra-abdominal pressure and compliance of the pelvic floor support system in women without pelvic organ prolapse: A finite element analysis

This study explored the relationship between elevated intra-abdominal pressure and organ function in a healthy woman without pelvic organ prolapse utilizing a finite element model of the complete pelvic support system to further investigate organ function and organ interactions. According to the pelvic support system's contours traced by a gynecologist and anatomic measurements obtained from dynamic MRI, a core component model of the complete pelvic support system was developed, including the uterus, cardinal, bladder, prostate, pelvic region, pelvic organs, and pelvic muscle, obturator internus and coccygeal muscles, as well as the pelvic fracture supports system. The posterior wall was more stable than the anterior wall under elevated intra-abdominal pressure, according to stress and strain distributions of the vaginal wall.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.820016


Effect of Foot and Hand Massage on Abdominal Pain of Cesarean Section Incision under Ultrasound Guidance

In this paper, a method of foot and hand massage for abdominal pain after cesarean section incision under ultrasound guidance was suggested in order to ease the pain of incision. The results revealed that 60 cases of puerpera after cesarean section were divided into two groups with 30 cases in each group. The visual analog scale of pain before, immediately after, 30 min after, and 60 min after massage therapy in the intervention group was assessed and documented, and the control group's VAS scores were obtained at the appropriate time points. At any time point after massage, the VAS score of the intervention group was significantly lower than that of the control group at any time point, and the intervention group's VAS score was significantly lower than that of the control group at any time point. After a cesarean section, hand and foot massage can often reduce incision pain.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/8356256


Modified Lamaze Breathing Reduces Abdominal Pain in Patients during Colonoscopy

To investigate the effects of modified Lamaze breathing on abdominal pain experienced during colonoscopy. Patients who underwent common colonoscopy at our hospital between March 2021 and May 2021 were selected and randomly divided into the Lamaze group and a control group, and a control group was randomly divided into the Lamaze group and a control group. However, the degree of abdominal pain in the Lamaze group was noticeably reduced in comparison to the control group. Modified Lamaze breathing demonstrated promising results in reducing abdominal pain during colonoscopy and improving the quality of the examination.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1557861

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions