Advanced searches left 3/3

Abdominal - Crossref

Summarized by Plex Scholar
Last Updated: 10 September 2022

* If you want to update the article please login/register

Bowel perforation presenting with acute abdominal pain and subcutaneous emphysema in a 14-year-old girl with an abandoned distal peritoneal shunt catheter: case report

The authors examine the situation of a 14-year-old girl with a history of myelomeningocele and then shunt-treated hydrocephalus who presented with right-sided abdominal pain and subcutaneous emphysema that occurred over a 1-week period. Six other cases of bowel perforation in patients with abandoned VP and subdural-peritoneal shunts have been reported. Although there was 0% mortality due to a retained distal VP catheter, the morbidity was nonetheless high, including peritonitis and small bowel resections.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.3.peds15572


Risk of failure in pediatric ventriculoperitoneal shunts placed after abdominal surgery

The authors compared shunt survival in patients who underwent abdominal surgery to shunt survival in our general pediatric shunt population to determine if such a correlation exists. Patients with no experience of abdominal surgery were given a survival time in shunt operations after abdominal surgery. RESULTS These were among the results obtained by an investigation by a total of 141 patients who underwent 468 shunt surgeries during the period of study; 107 of these 141 patients had no history of abdominal surgery and 34 had undergone a shunt operation after abdominal surgery. Shunt surgery was performed more than two weeks after abdominal surgery was not related to time to shunt failure. CONCLUSIONS Undergoing shunt surgery immediately after abdominal surgery seems to be associated with reduced shunt survival.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.10.peds16377


Reappraising Ultrasonography Role in Assessment of Surgical Causes of Acute Abdominal Pain in Pediatric Patients

Missions aims to reassess the role of U. S. in the investigation of acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients by the detection and classification of its various pathologies. Physiological BasisThis paper was compiled in the United States. Our goal was to reappraise the role of ultrasound in acute abdominal pain in pediatric patients from November 2019 to November 2020. With variable percentages among various pathologies, the overall sensitivity and specificity of U. S. in the diagnosis of various pathologies in our study was 88. 5 percent and 88. 2% respectively, with significant differences in differentiation between various pathological entities. ConclusionsUS is a reliable diagnostic imaging system for the identification of pediatric patients with acute abdomen due to surgical causes with high success in distinguishing among various pathologies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.21203/rs.3.rs-1982336/v1


Interpretation discrepancies of abdominal imaging by on-call radiology residents: Evaluation of risk factors

Between February 2016 and September 2019, we identified 1132 eligible patients with abdominal radiology findings that were preliminary interpreted by on-call patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for critical discrepancy findings. Active bleeding, organ transplantation, bowel blockage, bowel inflammation, bowel obstruction, bowel obstruction, and organ infarction were all common symptoms in 1132, 359 patients. Thirty-four patients gave discrepancies, and 30 percent revealed 32 significant discrepant findings, including 14 active bleeding, 10 bowel obstructions, 6 organ ruptures, and two cases of bowel ischemia. In multivariable analysis, bowel obstruction was an independent risk factor in determining discrepancy between preliminary and final interpretations. However, bowel obstruction was identified as a risk factor for disparaging interpretations, considering that the bowel was the most commonly interpreted organ. Residents may find that the identified risk factor and findings can be helpful in avoiding discrepancies.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0274313


Mobile thrombus of the abdominal aorta: a narrative review

Abstract A primary aortic mural thrombus is described as a thrombus attached to the aortic wall in the absence of any atherosclerotic or aneurysmal disease of the aorta or other cardiac source of embolus. The best options for treating mobile abdominal aortic mural thrombus appear to be endovascular therapy and open surgery. Endovascular therapy is most often the treatment option in patients with healthy anatomy, while open surgery is likely to be the most effective method for treating a mobile abdominal thrombus.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.202200282


A patient-specific multi-modality abdominal aortic aneurysm imaging phantom

Abstract Purpose Multimodality imaging of the vascular system is a rapidly growing field of innovation and research, with increased awareness of the dangers of ionizing radiation. We recommend a temperature-stable, high-fidelity method for manufacturing complicated abdominal aneurysm phantoms that are suitable with both radiation-based and ultrasound-based imaging techniques, using low cost components. Methods of an abdominal aortic aneurysm were obtained by volumetric CT data. To produce realistic surrounding tissue, the novel phantom fabrication process used a 3D printing of water-soluble materials to produce wall-less, patient-derived vascular structures embedded within molded tissue-mimicking materials. During another simulation endovascular aneurysm repair procedure with image fusion, the effectiveness of this phantom as a training model was demonstrated. Conclusions With the innovative fabrication technique used here, difficult multimodality imaging patient-derived vascular phantoms can be produced in a timely manner.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11548-022-02612-4


Uncommon abdominal “egg-shelled” lesions mimic hepatic echinococcosis: Two cases report

Background of Primary abdominal u201cegg-shelled lesions with positive anti-echinococcus IgG antibodies were misdiagnosed as echinococcosis, causing echinococcosis. Case presentation Herein is a case study in which two cases of primary abdominal echinococcosis were misdiagnosed as echinococcosis. Case 1: A 44-year-old woman who came to our department with a history of little abdominal pain for a year. After admission, the laboratory results revealed a positive anti-echinococcus IgG antibody status. A 12 u00d7 12 cm u201cme contrast-mass discovered in the hepatorenal area was identified in a contrast-enhanced CT scan. The patient's entire mass was found as well as the right adrenal gland was removed, as well as the correct adrenal gland. The pathologic findings of adrenal lymphangioma were adrenal lymphangioma. Case 2: A 55-year-old woman was found with an abdominal mass that had existed for more than ten years. Her anti-echinococcus IgG antibodies were positive after admission. Conclusion - Enhanced CT scan and contrast-enhanced ultrasound scans are important in separating echinococcosis disease from other u201d lesions.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsurg.2022.944980


Change of the level of adiponectin and metabolic indices in modification of life style of the patients suffering from abdominal obesity

Patients with AO, age 30-53, were monitored for individual hypocaloric diet balanced in fat intake, diet, and individual aerobic exercise were all provided by a three-year randomized lifestyle intervention trial.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.24884/1607-4181-2015-22-1-60-64


Distribution of genotypes and alleles of the aldosterone-synthase gene in patients with abdominal obesity

In 52% of patients with AO, Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed in 52% of patients with AO. Arterial hypertension was the most common component of MS in patients with AO. In patients of the -344T allele of aldosterone-systolic and diastolic blood pressure, the severity of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure was elevated. Plasma renin production, plasma aldosterone and glucose levels, anthropometric measurements, serum blood lipids, and carbohydrate metabolism indices in obese patients with different genotypes of aldosterone-synthase gene did not differ, according to the same genotypes of aldosterone-synthase gene.

Source link: https://doi.org/10.24884/1607-4181-2015-22-2-20-23

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions

* Please keep in mind that all text is summarized by machine, we do not bear any responsibility, and you should always check original source before taking any actions